Sociology Final- Chapter 13

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The chapter-opening story of Rosa Yniguez, who came from Mexico to live and raise her three children in California, makes the point that

family patterns often change among immigrants to this country.

The family is a social institution that is found in

every society.

The U.S. Census Bureau defines the "family" as

people living together who are linked by birth, marriage, or adoption.

People include as "kin" others to whom they are linked by

-ancestry -marriage -adoption

Which of the following are typically traits of marriage?

-a legal relationship -sexual activity and childbearing -economic cooperation

A family that includes parents, children and other kin is called

an extended family.

A family composed of one or two parents and their children is called

a nuclear family.

The concept "endogamy" refers to marriage between

people of the same social category.

A system of marriage that unites only two partners is called


A system of marriage that unites one woman with two or more men is called


The concept "patrilocality" refers to

a residential pattern by which a married couple lives near the husband’s family.

Assume you were visiting a society in which people traced family ties only through women. This society would correctly be called


Typically, industrial societies make use of which of the following systems to trace ancestry?

bilateral descent

To which region of the world would you travel if you wanted to visit many countries where the law permits polygamy?


According to the structural-functional approach, which of the following is counted among the tasks of the family?

-socialization of the young -regulation of sexual activity -social placement

The incest taboo

is found in all societies.

Following structural-functional theory, the family

is important enough to be called the backbone of society.

A social-exchange analysis of family life is likely to consider

how individuals select partners who offer about as much as they do to the relationship.

Social conflict and feminist theories explain that families perpetuate social inequality in U.S. society through

-inheritance of private property. -encouraging patriarchy. -passing on racial and ethnic inequality.

In traditional regions of many lower-income countries, such as Sri Lanka, marriage

has little to do with romantic love.

The concept "homogamy" means that

people marry others who are socially like themselves.

In the United States, romantic love

-is the reason most people expect to marry. -is not a very stable foundation for marriage. -may contribute to a high divorce rate.

What is the effect of industrialization on the number of children in a typical family?

Families have fewer children.

In the United States, a recent trend involving parenting is that

more adults are delaying having children or choosing to remain childless.

The term "empty nest" refers to

families whose children have grown and left home.

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