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What directory under / contains the log files and spools for a Linux system?​


After a shell is no longer needed, what command can be given to exit the shell?


Dennis Ritchie invented what programming language, which was then used to rewrite the UNIX operating system?​


What metacharacter indicates background command execution?


Proxy servers keep track of the information passed to each client by maintaining what type of table?​

Network Address Translation (NAT)

What is the recommended size for the /home directory?

200 MB

What term describes the physical hardware and the underlying operating system upon which a virtual machine runs?​

Virtual host

The GNU General Public License (GPL) was developed by which organization?​

Free Software Foundation

What piece of software tells the operating system how to use a specific hardware device?

Device driver

Which Linux command can be utilized to display your current login name?


When using command-line terminal, specific letters that start with a dash ("-") and appear after command names are considered to be:


The Linux kernel was developed and released in 1991 by:

Linus Torvalds

What metacharacter can be used to issue two commands to be run in consecutive order, without piping or redirecting output?


When viewing the version number for a Linux kernel, what number indicates the stability of the kernel?

Minor number

What stipulates that the source code of any software published under its license must be freely available.

GNU Public License

The apropos list command produces the same results as which command below?

Man -k list

The mutt software is an example of what type of mail service software on Linux?​

Mail User Agent

The Linux kernel exists as a file named:​


An archive of files that usually contain scripts that install the software contents to the correct location on the system is referred to as a:


In what year was the source code for the Linux kernel released?


What software type is software that is distributed free of charge, but the source code is not available?


What service provides a method for the efficient transfer of files over the Internet?


In Fedora 20, what terminal is used for graphical login?​


In Linux, the core component of the GUI is known as:

X Windows

Which type of open source license ensures that the source code of a program is freely available while also allowing the original author of the source code some control over the changes made to it?​


A calendar for the current month can be shown on the command line by issuing which command?


What is the minimum number of user accounts that must be created at install time?


A hard drive or SSD can be divided into partitions. What is the maximum number of primary partitions that can be used on these devices?


What Linux distribution is the most commonly used distribution within organizations today?

Red Hat

Some Linux distributions have the ability to boot an image from install media and run entirely from RAM. What is the name for this kind of image?​

Live media image

Prior to performing an installation of Linux, the hardware components of the target system should be checked against what known compatible list below?​

Hardware Compatibility List

The overall cost of using a particular operating system is known as?

Total cost of ownership

Under the root directory in Linux, which directory contains system commands and utilities?


The iptables software on Linux is an example of what kind of software?​


What computer system was the first to run the UNIX operating system?​


Select the utility below that when run will start and perform a thorough check of RAM for hardware errors


What installation media source is the most common source for Linux packages?


Which of the following is the greatest expense for companies using Linux?

Hiring people to maintain the Linux system

After logging into a terminal, a user will receive an interface known as which option below


The QT toolkit is utilized by which GUI environment?


What two options below are examples of common UNIX flavors?​

Macintosh OS X HP-UX

The two main competing GUI environments available in Linux are:


What two Linux distributions below utilize the Debian package manager by default?

Linux Mint Ubuntu Linux

What two disk systems allow for the use of more than four hard drives or SSDs in a single system?


Which filesystems below perform journaling?​


Which two filesystems below do not perform journaling?


In order to switch between terminals in Linux, a user can press what two keys in combination with the F1-F6 keys?​

Ctrl Alt

Because Linux has the ability to manage thousands of tasks at the same time, including allowing multiple users to access the system simultaneously, it is referred to as an operating system that is:

Multiuser Multitasking

The two different implementations of X Windows are called:​

XFree86 X.org

What two commands below will halt a Linux system immediately?

Shutdown -H now Halt

T or F: Each computer on a network requires a unique way to identify itself and to refer to other computers. This is accomplished by using IP addresses.


T or F: On closed-source operating systems, hot fixes for software bugs are deployed very quickly.​


T or F: A swap partition contains a filesystem.


T or F: Open Source Software (OSS) is freely developed and continuously improved by a large community of software developers


T or F: By default, Fedora 20 allows the root user to log into the GNOME desktop.​


T or F: Many programming function libraries and UNIX-like commands appeared in the 1980s as a result of the work on the GNU project.​


T or F: The term hacker refers to someone who illegally uses computers for personal benefit or to cause damage.


T or F: At minimum, Linux typically requires only two partitions to be created: a partition that is mounted to the root directory, and a partition for virtual memory.​


T or F: In the past, SATA hard disks were referred to as Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE).


T or F: When a user interacts with his computer, he interacts directly with the kernel of the computer’s operating system


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