Unit 5 Government Review

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The court that first hears a case is said to have

Original Jurisdiction

The list of cases to be heard by a court is called a


Which of the following could be the subject of a criminal case tried in federal court?


Which of the following is a TRUE statement about a writ of certiorari?

The Supreme Court grants cert in a limited number in instances

All of the following statements about the Court of Federal Claims are true EXCEPT?

Decisions from the Court of Federal Claims cannot be appealed

One weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that

it did not provide for a national judiciary

Which of the following federal courts exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction?

the Supreme Court

Which of the following statements about federal judges is TRUE?

They are appointed by te President and confirmed by the Senate

Which federal court has original jurisdiction over MOST cases heard in federal court?

district court

Most importantly, the Supreme Court is called the High Court because it is the

last court in which federal questions can be decided

The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit differs from the other 12 federal courts of appeals because it

hears cases from across the country

The purposes of the 12 federal courts of appeals include all of the following EXCEPT

to hear original cases that have bypassed lower courts

The term of office for constitutional court judges is determined by

the Constitution

Which one of the following duties is NOT performed by a United States magistrate?

recording court proceedings

The United States Tax Court hears

civil cases

The Supreme Court’s decision in Marbury v. Madison

established the Court’s power of judical review

Legal cases in the District of Columbia and the territories that belond to the United States are settled in

a seperate system of courts for each territory and each district like those at the State and federal levels

Which statement about differences between constitutional courts and special courts is TRUE?

Special courts hear a much narrower range of cases

A federal court has jurisdiction over a case if

All of the above

The MOST IMPORTANT reason why the United States needed a national court system was that

each State was interpreting laws for itself

Jurisdiction DIRECTLY limits

which court may decide a case

The federal officers who made arrests, secure juors, and serve legal papers are


Which of the following statements does NOT accurately describe federal district courts?

Like courts of appeals, they have the right to listen to appeals

Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes once said that the Constitution "means what the judges say is means." He was defining the Supreme Court’s

Power of judicial review

Which of the following are all special courts?

Court of Federal Claims, U.S. Tax Court, Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

Judges of the constitutional courts are appointed

for life

The courts of appeals hear cases that have been appealed from

All of the above

The power of judicial review is held

by most federal and State courts

Which of the following statements about the Supreme Court is FALSE?

The Supreme Court only reads briefs; it does not hear oral agruments

The federal courts can hear and decide cases on the basis of

the subject matter or people affected by the case

Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over all of the following types of cases EXCEPT cases involving

citizens of different States

The MOST accurate reason that the Court of International Trade is classified as a constitutional court rather than a special court is that

it exercises the broad "judicial power of the United States"

The independence of the judicial branch is ensured by the

All of the above

Which of the following statements about civil rights is NOT true?

Rights are extended only to citizens

The Free Exercise Clause gives people the right to

believe whatever they choose to believe in matters of religion

Which of the following statements about prior restraint is TRUE?

The Supreme Court has only rarely upheld prior restraints

Laws against seditious speech have been upheld by the Supreme Court if they

urge people to overthrow the government

Government has the right to make reasonable rules regulating assemblies

to protect against the inciting of violence or the endangerment of life

The Due Process Clause guarantees that

States will not deny people any basic or essential liberties

A democracy must allow free of expression, otherwise

democracy does not really exist

Which of the following statements about commerical speech is TRUE?

Commerical speech is protected by the 1st and 14th Amendment

Which has received the most limited 1st Amendment protection?

Radio and television

The Supreme Court has ruled that demonstrations on private property

are not protected by the First Amendment if demostrators are trespassing

Individual rights were included in the Constitution because

the people demanded a listing of rights

The 10 amendments known as the Bill of Rights were originally intended as restrictions against

the new National Government

Without freedom of expression

democracy could not exist

Under the Establishment Clause, the government still has the power to do all of the following EXCEPT

establish an acceptable voluntary prayer for use in public schools

In deciding cases involving laws against sedition, the Supreme Court has

developed the "clear and present danger" rule

A person may do as he or she chooses in this country

as long as that person does not infringe the rights of others

Which of the following is NOT one of the public places in which people have a constitutional right to hand out political literature?

shopping centers

The Free Exercise Clause gives people the right to

hold meetings and parades on public strees without permits

The government can limit free speech or free press if the communication

seems offensive to some adults

An agrument for government control of assemblies involves the

duty of government to protect the public

The main reason that there is no exact defintition of the due process guarentees is that the

The Supreme Court only defines the guarantees on a case by case basis

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