HIST 1302 Ch. 25

Your page rank:

Total word count: 5501
Pages: 20

Calculate the Price

- -
275 words
Looking for Expert Opinion?
Let us have a look at your work and suggest how to improve it!
Get a Consultant

During World War II, presidential authority expanded significantly.

True

In late summer 1940, President Roosevelt agreed to send fifty "overaged" destroyers to Britain in return for:

for allowing the U.S. to build naval and air bases on British islands in the Caribbean

The Farm Security Administration:

offered loans to marginal farmers (so they could avoid falling into tenancy) and to tenant farmers (so they could purchase their own farms)

In the film Cinderella Man, Jim Braddock

was ashamed when he accepted state assistance and eventually paid the money back

The use of atomic bombs against Japan had what significance?

According to military planners, it saved an estimated 250,000 Allied casualties and even more Japanese losses

The Roaring Twenties pitted a cosmopolitan urban America against the values of an insular, rural America.

True

Jazz:

blended African and European musical traditions

In the 1920s, labor unions:

lost about 1.5 million members

The Great Depression and the economic struggles it caused during the early 1930s generally made Americans:

more isolationist in sentiment

After World War I

the United States embraced a policy of isolationism.

Which amendment to the constitution is known as the prohibition amendment?

Eighteenth

Jazz:

blended African and European musical traditions

The Wagner Act helped dramatically boost union membership.

True

Match the New Deal agency with its correct purpose

Securities and Exchange Commission C. Reform Works Progress Administration B. Relief Agricultural Adjustment Administration A. Recovery

Which of the following statements about the attack on Pearl Harbor is NOT true?

A specific attack on Pearl Harbor had been long expected by American officials.

The 1939 Neutrality Act’s cash-and-carry provision:

permitted the United States to sell arms to Britain and France if they paid up-front and carried their purchases on their own ships

In 1940, the Battle of Britain:

saw the British turn back a massive German air attack and force Germany to postpone its invasion plans

In his Wheeling speech, Senator Joseph McCarthy claimed to have a list of Communists in:

the State Department

In early 1937, FDR proposed to reform the Supreme Court by

adding up to six additional members

The cash-and-carry provision of the 1937 Neutrality Law permitted belligerent nations to purchase American goods, including arms and munitions, as long as they were transported on the belligerent nation’s own ships.

false

By the spring of 1945, the United States and Britain were becoming deeply concerned over Soviet actions in:

Eastern Europe

The greatest failure of the New Deal was its inability to:

restore economic prosperity and end record levels of unemployment

By November 1941, the United States insisted it would reopen trade with Japan only after that country:

withdrew completely from China

Roosevelt’s court-packing scheme became unnecessary when:

the Supreme Court began reversing previous judgments and upholding the New Deal

Less than a month before the surrender of Germany:

President Roosevelt died in office

The immigration quota laws passed in the 1920s

Favored immigrants from northern and western Europe

Through the lend-lease bill, passed in March 1934, "any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States":

could receive military equipment, supplies, and other necessary materials even if that country lacked the funds to pay for those items

Although the New Deal initiatives produced mixed results, they halted the economic downturn and provided the foundation for a system of federal social welfare programs.

True

In 1926, one warning sign for the economy surfaced when a real estate boom collapsed in:

Florida

Although Herbert Hoover strictly resisted giving federal assistance directly to individuals, he did actively pursue avenues intended to put the nation’s economy on the path of recovery.

True

In the political arena, reactionaries and rebels battled for control of

A post war society riven by conflict

In the case of Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States, the Supreme Court:

overturned the National Industrial Recovery Act

The Reconstruction Finance Corporation:

offered emergency loans to banks, life-insurance companies, and railroads

Despite the New Deal, full recovery from the Depression did not come until the crisis of World War II.

True

In June 1941, Germany widened the war by:

invading the Soviet Union

Following the conclusion of World War II, the two most powerful nations in the world were:

the United States and the Soviet Union

As a result of the Scopes trial:

John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution

UN forces reaching the Yalu River brought about

a massive Chinese intervention

What significant objective motivated Japanese expansion into Southeast Asia and the Pacific during 1940-1941?

the expansion’s provision of access to vitally needed oil, rubber, and other strategic materials

What was the significance of the INF Treaty signed by Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan in 1987?

All of the above.

The Hawley-Smoot Tariff raised import duties to an all-time high.

True

When North Korean Communists invaded South Korea:

the United Nations authorized military intervention against the aggressors

The amendment to the constitution that barred the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors was ratified in

1919

Part of the reason for the stock market crash was:

the buying of great amounts of stock on margin

Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor was only one part of a larger offensive launched into Southeast Asia and the Pacific.

True

The 1924 immigration law:

set strict yearly limits on the number of immigrants allowed into the country

When North Korea attacked South Korea, Truman concluded:

that Stalin and the Soviets were behind it

Students at Columbia University staged campus demonstrations in 1968 that borrowed tactics from the civil rights movement in order to protest plans for a new gymnasium that would evict nearby blacks from their homes.

True

The Soviet acquisition of the atomic bomb in 1949 inspired Truman to:

order the development of a hydrogen bomb

Marcus Garvey:

said blacks should return to Africa

Which of the following countries was NOT an Axis power by June 1941?

the Soviet Union

Franklin D. Roosevelt:

was permanently disabled after contracting polio

Early in his presidency, Roosevelt ended Prohibition.

True

One of the legacies of Progressivism was the Eighteenth Amendment, which remained in effect until Franklin Roosevelt’s administration.

True

Whose campaign song was "Happy Days Are Here Again"?

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Germany’s invasion of what country triggered the beginning of World War II in Europe?

Poland

The Scopes trial:

concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools

By the autumn of 1941

What was the effect on Ronald Reagan’s attitude toward the Soviet Union after they overreacted to the Able Archer war-games in 1983 combined with his viewing of the film The Day After in 1984?

He underwent a rapid change of course towards a policy of increased negotiation and called for an eventual abolition of nuclear weapons.

Marcus Garvey:

said blacks should return to Africa

This New Deal organization sought to set workplace standards, like child labor restrictions, and â codes of competitionâ to regulate business practices:

NRA

The 1937 economic slump was caused in part by:

Sharp decrease in government spending

The growing consumerism of the 1920s manifested itself in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

passenger rail service

The United States experienced a shock in 1949 when Communists took over:

China

What did the governments of Italy and Germany have in common by the 1930s?

Both had established fascist forms of government

The "Bonus Expeditionary Force":

marched on Washington in an attempt to get immediate payment of a veterans’ bonus that Congress had approved in 1924

Which of the following did W.E.B. Du Bois say in his opposition to Marcus Garvey?

He is "the most dangerous enemy of the Negro race. . . . He is either a lunatic or a traitor."

In the presidential election of 1936:

Republicans hoped that third-party candidates might split the Democratic vote and throw the election to them

In 1932 what was the percentage of American’s unemployed

25%

The immigration laws of the 1920s

introduced the quota system, restricting immigration from Eastern Europe

In the 1920s, many investors bought stocks on margin, that is, with borrowed funds.

True

Which is true of the 1936 presidential election?

FDR defeated Alf Landon in a landslide

Following the defeat of Germany:

came the shocking realization of the full extent of the Holocaust

Following the aerial Battle of Britain, Germany invaded England

False

Truman’s response to the Soviet blockade of West Berlin in 1948 was to:

launch a massive airlift of supplies into West Berlin

During the summer of 1941, the United States attempted to restrain Japanese expansion by:

restricting oil exports to Japan and freezing Japanese assets in the United States

Huey Long

developed a program called Share the Wealth

The fair practices codes of the NRA did all of the following EXCEPT:

break up large corporations

The country that suffered the most deaths in the fighting of World War II was:

the Soviet Union

At the end of World War II, Korea was divided along the 38th parallel.

True

In response to the Bonus Army marchers, Herbert Hoover:

sent the U.S. Army to evict them

Mexican workers in the United States from 1910-1930

all of the above

Jazz music contributed to the beginnings of a distinct youth culture in the United States during the Twenties.

True

Following the Pearl Harbor attack:

Germany and Italy also declared war on the United States

In the 1920s, farm prices:

fell sharply

By the mid-1920s, most Americans still could not afford to buy a Model T Ford.

False

The synergistic industry of the early twentieth century that took over that role from the railroad was the:

automobile

At the outset of his presidency, to deal with the banking crisis, Roosevelt

declared a bank holiday, shutting the banks down briefly

The corrido is a form of Mexican folk music used by ordinary people to express the struggles and accomplishments they experienced as migrant workers in the United States

True

The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was based mainly on:

"100 percent Americanism"

Senator McCarthy was very effective in:

exploiting public fears

In the presidential election of 1940, Franklin Roosevelt became the first president to win a third term.

True

In the film Cinderella Man, how did men find work on the docks during the Depression?

Men showed up each morning hoping to get a dayâ s work

Hoover’s early efforts to end the Depression included:

asking businessmen to maintain wages and avoid layoffs, in order to keep purchasing power strong

The programs of the New Deal were funded primarily through

deficit spending

Political and social radicalism arose after World War I because:

postwar culture was fraught with contradictions and tensions

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were:

two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even though there was doubt as to their guilt

The 1924 immigration law:

set strict yearly limits on the number of immigrants allowed into the country

The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was based mainly on:

"100 percent Americanism"

How many members did the Ku Klux Klan allegedly have at its peak?

as many as 4 million

William Jennings Bryan:

prosecuted John Scopes in the Dayton, Tennessee, evolution case for teaching evolution

Which one of the following is associated with Dayton, Tennessee?

the Scopes trial

As a result of the Scopes trial:

John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution

By the 1910s, the Anti-Saloon League:

had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history

Not being able to convict Al Capone on bootlegging charges, the federal government convicted him for:

tax evasion

The author of Main Street, a novel about the banality of small-town life, was:

Sinclair Lewis

The journalist H. L. Mencken

described Americans as a "booboisie"

The Roaring Twenties was dubbed "the Jazz Age" by:

F. Scott Fitzgerald

The novel This Side of Paradise concerned:

modernist student life at Princeton

Petting parties were:

opportunities for young men and women to experiment sexually with each other

All of the following could be associated with flappers EXCEPT:

Victorian values

In 1921, Margaret Sanger organized:

In 1921, Margaret Sanger organized:

Alice Paul:

was the militant head of the National American Woman Suffrage Association’s Congressional Committee

Carrie Chapman Catt was best known for her achievements promoting:

women’s suffrage

Congress adopted the equal rights amendment in:

1972

Which of the following statements best describes working women in the 1920s?

The number of employed women rose.

The "Susan B. Anthony amendment" concerned:

women’s suffrage

The movement of southern blacks to the North:

was called the Great Migration

The author of Cane, considered by many to be the single greatest work of the Harlem Renaissance, was:

Jean Toomer

The Universal Negro Improvement Association:

was led by Marcus Garvey

Marcus Garvey:

said blacks should return to Africa

The NAACP emphasized:

legal action against discrimination

The culture of modernism was characterized by:

developments in science that challenged perceptions of certainty

In physics, the development of quantum theory is most associated with:

Max Planck

In physics, the theory of relativity was developed and explained by

Albert Einstein

The theories of relativity and quantum physics led people to:

deny the relevance of absolute values in society at large

Modernists in art and literature came to believe that:

the subconscious is more interesting and more potent than reason

All of the following were prophets of modernism EXCEPT:

the subconscious is more interesting and more potent than reason

The novels of Ernest Hemingway:

depicted the cult of athletic masculinity and a desperate search for life

F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote of:

sad young characters who displayed potential but were ultimately doomed

Modernism and the southern literary renaissance were products of the:

1920s

The southern literary renaissance came about because:

of the conflict between southern traditions and modern commercialism

William Faulkner:

was one of the South’s greatest modernist writers

Thomas Wolfe:

outraged traditionalists in his hometown, Asheville, North Carolina, with his writing

Modernism waned by the end of the 1920s because:

the Great Depression overwhelmed the cultural alienation of the 1920s

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were:

B) two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even though there was doubt as to their guilt

William Jennings Bryan:

A) prosecuted John Scopes in the Dayton, Tennessee, evolution case for teaching evolution

The Scopes trial:

C) concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools

Which one of the following is associated with Dayton, Tennessee?

C) the Scopes trial

By the 1910s, the Anti-Saloon League:

B) had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history

The author of Main Street, a novel about the banality of small-town life, was:

B) Sinclair Lewis

Jazz:

C) blended African and European musical traditions

All of the following could be associated with flappers EXCEPT:

C) Victorian values

Margaret Sanger is best associated with which of the following?

C) birth control

Carrie Chapman Catt was best known for her achievements promoting:

A) women’s suffrage

Which amendment to the constitution gave women the right to vote?

B) Nineteenth

The Universal Negro Improvement Association:

B) was led by Marcus Garvey

The NAACP emphasized:

B) legal action against discrimination

In physics, the theory of relativity was developed and explained by

A) Albert Einstein

The theories of relativity and quantum physics led people to:

B) deny the relevance of absolute values in society at large

Modernists in art and literature came to believe that:

C) the subconscious is more interesting and more potent than reason

The Armory Show in 1913:

B) was a controversial exhibition of modern art

F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote of:

B) sad young characters who displayed potential but were ultimately doomed

The Waste Land, a poem that became the favorite of many modernist readers because of its sense of disillusionment and its suggestion of a burned-out civilization, was written by:

A) T. S. Eliot

Modernism waned by the end of the 1920s because:

A) the Great Depression overwhelmed the cultural alienation of the 1920s

What was the objective of the muckrakers?

People who always focused on the bad things; Writers who focused on the ills of society Ex: Lincoln Steffens; wrote "Shame of the Cities" abt corruption on political bosses

Understand the Lochner v. New York decision

Lochner vs. NY (1905) Abt an immigrant baker who didn’t have a lot of money, but hired non-union people to work as long at they want. Resulted in that bakers couldn’t work 10 hours long, prosecution used baker occupation is dangerous, although no evidence. Later years after this case restudied again and showed that it interfered with the baker’s 14th amendment rights and the law was overturned

How did Theodore Roosevelt deal with conservation during his presidency?

-He established the first Forestry Department -He put Gifford Pinchot, the first professional forester, as the Head of that department -used the Forest Reserve Act (1891) to protect abt 172 mill. acres of timberland -created national forests and set aside over 234 mill. acres of federal land for conservation purposes

What was the major factor in Wilson’s election in 1912

Wilson won the election of 1912 because the Republican party split in two with the Progressives and the Republicans, and he was the only democratic

Why did Roosevelt and Taft become enemies?

Roosevelt & Pinchot Conservationist created Forest Reserve Act (1891) save millions acres, Ballinger/Taft/Lumber companies didn’t like it & believed prevented development of the West. Taft dismissed Pinchot from head of the U.S. Division of Forestry and infuriated Roosevelt.

What did the Underwood-Simmons Tariff accomplish?

1913 Wilson signed the Underwood-Simmons tariff which reduced tariffs to 15% and free trade; republicans like high tariffs and democratics like low tariffs

Understand the Federal Reserve Act

Signed in by Wilson in 1913. It created 12 federal banks around the U.S. each supervised by a central board of directors which those banks can issue currency (AKA Federal Reserve Notes) to member banks. And maintained full employment (considered 5 % unemployment as full employment) , it stabilized currency, slow down inflation, increased interest, and limit the power of NY banks.

World War 1 was triggered by the _______ of the Austrian Archduke

assasination

Name some of the innovations that changed warfare during the Great War

tank, improved airplanes (machine guns, bombs, photography from airplanes, faster, greater range) improved gas masks, poisonous gas, trucks used to move artillery instead of horses, field phones, and the start of radio communications in the military

What was the Lusitania?

British cruise liner with carrying American passengers and secretly taking weaponry to England that the Germans exploded with the torpedo, May 7, 1915.

How important was the Zimmerman telegram?

Very important. It was a telegram from Germany to Mexico asking them to come join them and start war with the U.S. to claim back their land, but Mexico refused. We intercepted it and President Wilson at the time went to the Congress asking for a declaration of War for democracy

Was the US military effort in France critical to the outcome?

Absolutely; Germans believed they could win the war through the Western front, but the U.S. Army were positioned there and beat them.

Name some of the effects of the Bolshevik Revolution

>Russia stopped fighting in WWI and never participate in the peace settlement in the end > signed separate peace treaty with the Germans to get out of the WWI, " Treaty of Brest-Litovsk" ( Mar. 3, 1918 ) >Red Scare of 1919-1920 >Bolsheviks consolidated their power and spread communism in Russia

What were the Fourteen Points?

It was created by President Wilson saying: no obstacles to trade, no tariffs, free trade, open negotiations, no colonization in the future, future and self-determination, peace without victory, and the 14th point of creating the League of Nations

Know the main provisions of the Treaty of Versailles

>pay back everyone >reduce army 100,000 >no general staff school >turn their navy to France and Britain ( but the Germans sunk their ships) >give up lots of territory which turned into: Yugoslavia, Austria independent state, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)

Which element of the Versailles treaty most embittered the Germans?

The treaty made them loose navy and give it to France and Britain, and they had to reduce their army to 100,000

What was the Red Scare of 1919-20?

the fear of communism taking over in the US, as a result of the creation of the Soviet Union. ComIntern (Communism International) aided Communism revolutions around the world and the KGB (Russian spies) were involved to see the US into Communism.

Who was the prosecuting attorney in the Scopes Trial?

Clarence Garrow

the first Great Migration refers to ________

African Americans ; The Great Migration, or the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from 1916 to 1970

Jazz was a blend of African and ________ musical traditions

European

What did the NAACP emphasize?

Embraced the progressive idea that the solution to social problems begins with education, by informing the people of social ills; and another main strategy was bring back the 14th/15th amendment back using legal action

In 1920 Harding campaigned on the need for a return to __________

normalcy

Define the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921

it gained the federal government a better process to determine annual budgets more professionally

Understand the Teapot Dome scandal.

Secretary of Interior Albert B. Fall leased land to his friends to what were oil reserves (that weren’t only available for commercial use and only for the navy) in Teapot Dome, Wyoming and accepted their bribes (Wikipedia.com)

Harding was a visionary in the area of _________

civil rights

Coolidge’s administration was marked by continuing _______

prosperity; Gilded Age

Which Coolidge cabinet member supported the trade-association movement?

Herbert Hoover

What happened to farm prices during the 1920s?

commodity prices collapsed after European agricultural production abroad returned to pre-war levels, and overproduction brought lower prices for crops (pg. 836)

How did Hoover respond to the Bonus Army?

The Senate vetoed the bill agreeing to the 4 million dollars. Although most veterans went home after the decision, Hoover asked the Congress to pay for the tickets for the remaining ones down in front of the building, but it didn’t help b/c the veteran’s families had no home.

What were "yellow-dog" contracts?

Employers required their workers to sign these "yellow dog" contracts which suppress unions and forced workers to stay out of unions. Owners would use different methods to force them such as: labor spies, blacklists, intimidation, coercion, and kindess( industrial democracy and welfare capitalism–profit sharing, bonuses, pensions, health programs, and recreational activities for their workers)

Did labor unions gain or lose membership in the 1920s?

Unions lost their appeal in the 1920’s because much of the work force consisted of immigrants who could not speak English and spoke a variety of languages. This made it difficult for unions to organize various ethnicities. Also, many unions excluded African Americans.Better answer: as union organizing spread after WWI and strikes became more common, US courts almost universally ruled unions illegal conspiracies, and strikes illegal intimidation and extortion. After hundreds of union members lost their jobs and went to jail, interest naturally declined.In 1935, unionizing became LAWFUL, and its popularity soared.

President Coolidge referred to Secretary Hoover as ______.

wonder boy

Was Al Smith hurt by his religion during the campaign of 1928?

yes; being a Catholic was a disadvantage due to people believing that Catholics had a dual loyalty-"Pope first, constitution second"

For what purpose did Hoover set up the Reconstruction Finance Corporation?

it sent $500 mill. in emergency loans for struggling banks, life insurance companies, and railroads so they won’t fail, and let farmers refinance their mortgages

What was the "Bonus Expeditionary Force"?

World War 1 veterans who wanted to be compensated for the opportunities and money that they missed during the war

FDR was permanently disabled after contracting ______.

polio

How did Roosevelt deal with the Banking crisis?

he implemented the Emergency Banking Relief Act-he declared a national bank holiday to stop the panic and sent out bank examiners. Ultimately 85% of banks reopened.

Know the main purpose of the Civilian Conservation Corps?

to recruit unemployed young men to set up paramilitary camps. They did flood control, firefighting, reforestation, etc. such as planting 3 billion trees on the Plains to improve conditions during heavy windstorms.

What was the goal of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933?

to limit supply, as demand was lower than supply (they did this by paying farmers not to farm and purposely slaughtered livestock)

Know the elements of Dust Bowl

The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion caused the phenomenon.

Understand what the fair practices codes of the NRA did

Est. after NIRA; mostly planning/corporatism; it’s a set of codes that prohibited competition of prices and quality, and stated better customer service, how many hours workers can work; it made it difficult to fire people, but many businesses didn’t care about it, so it failed

What was the greatest failure of the New Deal?

it failed to bring down unemployment and bring prosperity

Know the Indian Reorganization Act

AKA Wheeler-Howard Act of 1934 and the Indian New Deal, is a federal Legislation which gives Native Americans and Alaska Natives back certain rights, which includes (1) the reversal of the Dawes Act’s privatization of common holdings of American Indians and return to a tribal basis self-government.(2) Also restored management of their assets (mainly land) and provisions to create a sound economic foundation for inhabitants on the Indian Reserve; was the significant initiative of Commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, John Collier Sr. And it did not require tribes to adopt a constitution, but if they wish to do so the constitution has to: 1.allow the tribal council to employ legal counsel 2. prohibit the tribal council from engaging any land transitions without majority approval of the tribe. and 3. authorize the tribal council to negotiate with the Federal, State, ad local governments

How important was the Norris v. Alabama case?

very important; it mandated that Africans be included in Southern juries, as they were previously excluded from potential jury selections

What decision overturned the National Industrial Recovery Act?

Schecter Brothers; they were orthodox Jews who ran a poultry business; the NRA had made rules for the poultry business despite their inexperience with the business, such as the Run of the Coup rule-people choose the first chicken w/o actually seeing it. The brothers sued the federal government and a Judge ruled the Act to be unconstitutional, saying that it was a horrible rule.

Know the Social Security Act

introduced old age pensions, support for handicapped, widows, and orphans, gave unemployment insurance (issued at state level), set up the Social Security Administration. It was funded by employees and employers paying half of the cost each.

What is "court-packing"?

President FDR’s failed attempt to increase the number of U.S. Supreme Court justices from nine to fifteen in order to save his Second New Deal programs from constitutional challenges in 1937

The "sit-down strike" in 1937 was untaken by _________.

National Labor Relations Act (AKA Wagner Act<– pro-union & grants unions better negotiating position w/labor) (the sit-down strike happened in Flynn, Michigan after the General Motors’ contract expired. Flynn was a company town and when the GM executives asked the Michigan government for assistance, the refused. The strike lasted 6-8 weeks, resulting in GM recognizing the United Auto Labor Union)

Define the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

A replacement and more improved of the NIRA. This act est. a minimum wage of 40 cents an hour and maximum workweek of forty hours, which is only applied to interstate commerce of businesses and prohibited the employment of anyone under the age of sixteen.

Which group FDR target in the elections of 1938?

southern democratics

The culture of modernism was characterized by

developments in science that challenged perception of certainty

Alice Paul:

was the militant head of the National American Women Suffrage Association’s Congressional Committee

Which one of the following is associated with Dayton, Tennessee?

the Scopes Trial

Which of the following statements best describes working women in the 1920s?

the number of employed women rose

Political and social radicalism arose after World War I becuase

postwar culture was entering an era of bewildering change

Jazz:

blended African and European musical traditions

Which amendment to the Constitution gave women the right to vote?

Nineteenth

As a result of the Scopes trial:

John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution

the novel This Side of Paradise concerned:

modernist student life at Princeton

the immigration quota laws passed in the 1920s:

favored immigrants from northern and western Europe

Marcus Garvey:

said blacks should return to Africa

William Faulkner:

was one of the South’s greatest modernist writers

the Amendment to the Constitution that barred the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors was ratified in:

1919

by the early 1900s, the Anti-Saloon League:

had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history

The Scopes trial:

concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were

two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even through there was doubt as to their guilt

The "Susan B. Anthony Amendment" concerned:

women’s sufrage

Modernism waned by the end of the 1920s because:

the Great Depression prompted a more traditional perspective in the arts

the NAACP emphasized:

enforcement of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution

The Roaring Twenties was dubbed "The Jazz Age" by:

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Progressives generally believed government should not interfere with big business.

False

Among the antecedents to progressivism were populism, socialism, and mugwumps,

True

Teddy Roosevelt gave muckrakers their name.

True

Teddy Roosevelt took a strong, activist approach to the presidency.

True

The phrase "Square Deal" is associated with Teddy Roosevelt.

True

Teddy initiated more anti-trust suits than any president in history.

False

The Underwood-Simmons Tariff created the 1st regulated federal income tax.

False

Woodrow Wilson was elected president in 1908.

False

Wilson was a weak president who trusted Congress to adopt the proper policies.

False

Teddy Roosevelt considered the Federal Trade Commission to be the corner-stone of his program for big business.

False

General Pershing’s incursion into Mexico resulted in the defeat and capture of "Pancho" Villa.

False

Many immigrant groups in the US supported the Central Powers in the European War.

True

Due to their belief in"freedom of the seas," the British allowed Americans to trade with Germany.

False

The so called Arabic Pledge involved Wilson’s stand to stop North Africa’s fall into chaos during the war.

False

In the presidential election of 1916, Republicans used the slogan "He kept us our of war" to discredit Wilson.

False

The Republican candidate for president is 1916 was Charles Evans Hughes.

True

The Zimmerman telegram, sent to the Mexican government from the White House, was intercepted by Germans.

False

The adoption of the convoy system dramatically reduced Allied losses to German submarines.

True

Over 400,000 southern blacks moved northward during the war years.

True

Women in war work were usually able to keep their jobs after the war.

False

"Four-minute men" were a special operations unit of the US Army.

False

During WWI, some American symphonies refused to perform Back and Beethoven.

True

Former president Teddy Roosevelt was one of the biggest supporters of the League of Nations.

False

Henry Cabot Lodge led the Senate Republicans who demanded amendments to the Treaty of Versailles.

True

President Wilson suffered a temporary incapacitating stroke in France while negotiating the peace treaty.

False

In the 1920s, people of Latin America decent became the fastest-growing ethnic minority in the US.

True

The KKK of the 1920s was mainly a southern rural organization.

False

The Scopes "monkey trial" sought to keep the theory of evolution in science classrooms in Tennessee.

False

Proponents of Prohibition displayed ethnic and social prejudices in the drive to make America "dry."

True

The Roaring Twenties pitted a cosmopolitan urban America against the values of an insular, rural America.

True

Jazz music inspired rural youth to remember their culture’s musical roots.

False

"Flappers" was the slang word for illegal drinking establishments in the 1920s.

False

Margaret Sanger distributed contraceptives through mail.

False

Women gained the right to vote in 1916 as WWI began.

False

The NAACP favored militant protests over legal challenges as a way to end racial discrimination.

False

Albert Einstein, Max Planck, and Werner Heisenberg were members of Al Capone’s gang in Chicago.

False

The culture of modernism emphasized order and certainty.

False

During the 1920s, ideas of scientists about the nature of the universe inspired modernist artists to try new techniques.

True

The major American prophets of modernist literature lived in Europe.

True

The southern renaissance was characterized by a dying traditional world and the birth of a modern, commercial world inspired by WWII’s industrial production.

True

Share This
Flashcard

More flashcards like this

NCLEX 10000 Integumentary Disorders

When assessing a client with partial-thickness burns over 60% of the body, which finding should the nurse report immediately? a) ...

Read more

NCLEX 300-NEURO

A client with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) tells the nurse, "Sometimes I feel so frustrated. I can’t do anything without ...

Read more

NASM Flashcards

Which of the following is the process of getting oxygen from the environment to the tissues of the body? Diffusion ...

Read more

We can Write a Custom Essay

Consectetur labore ullamco magna do irure fugiat Lorem

Check Price

Successful message
sending