HIST 1302 Ch. 23

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The commission plan of city government was first adopted in:

Galveston, Texas

The originator of the "Wisconsin idea" of efficient government was

Robert M. La Follette

Which of the following best describes the method used by most progressives to solve the problem of economic power and its abuses?

regulate big business

The National Child Labor Committee pushed

for laws prohibiting the employment of young children

In the case of Lochner v. New York, the Supreme Court

voided a state-legislated ten-hour day because it violated workers’ "liberty of contract

At the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in 1911

workers died as a result of a fire

Jane Addams called the impulse to found settlement houses

"my duty as a mother to my children’s future"

Frances Willard lobbied

for women to become ministers

In 1917, a Prohibition amendment to the Constitution:

was overturned by the Twenty-first Amendment

During the coal strike of 1902

thousands of striking miners marched on Washington, starting a riot that lasted three days

Which of the following statements regarding the coal strike of 1902 is NOT true?

Roosevelt once bellowed that "the Constitution is more important than coal!"

Congress established the Bureau of Corporations:

to keep an eye on the lobbying efforts in Congress

This company refused to turn over its records to the government, leading to a suit and the breakup of the company in 1911

Standard Oil

The title of the novel that described the terrible conditions of the meat-packing industry was:

The Jungle

The Hepburn Act of 1906

authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to set maximum rates for railroads

Theodore Roosevelt’s close friend Gifford Pinchot was:

a forestry expert and leading conservationist

In the area of conservation, Theodore Roosevelt

used the Forest Reserve Act to withdraw over 170 million acres of timberland from l logging

The Newlands Act of 1902:

created new homesteading areas in Alaska

William Howard Taft:

was Roosevelt’s choice as his successor

President Taft’s domestic policies generated a storm of controversy

within his own party

Contrary to his party’s tradition, President Taft called for

a lower tariff

Eventually became chief justice of the Supreme Court

William Howard Taft

As President, Taft:

preserved more public lands in four years than Roosevelt had in nearly eight

The Seventeenth Amendment

authorized the popular election of U.S. senators

In the presidential election of 1912, William Howard Taft:

was the Republican candidate

In Swift and Company Vs. United States,the Supreme Court put forth the "stream of commerce" doctrine.

True

Woodrow Wilson was elected president in 1908.

False

Federal money for farm demonstration agents was approved in the Adamson Act.

False

The peace movement included Jane Addams, William Jennings Bryan, and Robert La Follette.

True

The percent of women in the labor force in 1920 was nearly double what it had been before World War I.

False

President Wilson suffered a temporarily incapacitating stroke in France while negotiating the peace treaty.

False

The experience of World War I made young intellectuals confident about the future.

False

By the time of the Prohibition Amendment, about three-quarters of the American people already lived in areas that were legally "dry."

True

The American Liberty Leauge opposed New Deal measures as violations of personal and property rights.

True

AAA required farmers to donate surplus crops and livestock to feed the poor.

False

FDR made black civil rights a maor priority, ordering that New Deal programs not practice racial discrimination.

False

In the first half of 1942, German submarines sank nearly 400 ships in American waters.

True

The Smith-Connally War Labor Disputes Act was generally seen as favoring labor unions.

False

The U.S. military used Native Americans as "code talkers" during World War II.

True

Large numbers of Americans of German , Italian, and Japanese descent were incarcerated during World War II.

False

Early in the war, FDR and Churchill agreed that the first priority should be defeating Japan in Pacific.

False

The D-Day fighting at Omaha Beach resulted in heavy Allied casualities.

True

Thomas Dewey ran for president in 1940 under the same hanicap as Alf Landon and Wendell Wilkie before him.

True

The FEPC lent money to defense industries.

False

The Potsdam Declaration, issued just before the atomic bomb fell on Hiroshima, demanded that Japan surrender immediately or face "prompt and utter destruction."

True

The author of The Shame of the Cities was:

Lincoln Steffens

The subject of Wealth against Commonwealth was:

Standard Oil

The Seventeenth Amendment:

Authorized the popular election of senators.

Frederick W. Taylor was:

the original "efficency expert."

The commision plan of city government was first adopted in:

Galveston, TX

Which of the following best describes the method used by most progressives to solve the problem of economic power and its abuses?

Regulating Big Business

The Muckrakers saw their primary objective as:

Exposing social problems to the public.

The National Child Labor Committee pushed:

for laws banning the widespread emploment of young children.

The Clayton Anitutrust Act:

Outlawed price discrimination and "tying" agreements.

William Howard Taft:

was Roosevelt’s choice as his successor.

Taft boasted more experience in public service than any other president since:

Van Buren

Theodore Roosevelt’s close friend, Gifford Pinchot was:

A forestry expert and leading conservationist.

The Ballinger-Pinchot controvery:

Contrivuted to the growing rift between Taft and Roosevelt.

in the 1908 presidential race:

the Democrats once again nominated Bryan.

Taft won the Republican presidential nomination in 1912:

because his forces controlled the convention machinery.

Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom platform:

proposed vigorous anitrust action to break up corporate concentration.

At first, contrary to his party’s tradition, President Taft called for:

a lower tariff.

Which candidate was shot during the 1912 presidential campaign?

Theodore Roosevelt

The election of 1912:

is correctly described by all the above statements.

In his first term as president, Wilson:

did all the above.

The Keating-Owen Act of 1916:

is correctly represented by all the above statements/

The Adamson Act of 1916:

establishd the eight-hour day for railroad workers.

In the progressive period:

many groups- blacks, the poor, the unorganized- had little influence.

Which of the following statements best descrives the diplomatic stance of Woodrow Wilson and William Jennings Bryan?

America hade a religious duty to promote democracy and moral progress in the world.

What was the major cause of the St. Louis Riot in 1917?

Employment in a defense factory.

In an effort to topple Huerta’s dictatorial government in Mexico, President Wilson:

sent the military to occupy the port of Veracruz.

All the following were members of the Triple Entente, except:

Austria-Hungary.

The event that triggered World War I in Europe was:

a Serb’s assassination of the Austrian archduke,

Which of the following is true of the Lusitania?

It secretly carried weapons and ammunition in its cargo.

President Wilson’s response to the sinking of the Lusitania:

was a series of notes demanding that Germany stop such actions and pay reparations.

The Revenue Act of 1916:

was primarily to raise money to pay for war preparations.

In the presidential election of 1916, the Republicans:

lost by a small margin.

The Zimmermann Telegram:

asked for help from Mexico in the case of war between Germany and the United States.

The congressional resolution for war:

passed overwhelmingly.

All of the following influenced the U.S. decision to enter the war against Germany, except:

Germany’s sudden breakthrough on the Western Front.

For violating teh Espionage Act, socialist leader Eugene Debs:

received a ten-year prison term.

Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917-1918:

criticism of government leaders or war policies was a crime.

The Food Administration:

taught Americans to plant "victory gardens" and to use leftovers wisely.

The most important of all the mobilization agencies was the:

War Industries Board.

The largest American action of the war was:

the Meuse-Argonne offensive.

The first five of Wilson’s Fourteen Points included all of the following, except:

increase of global tariffs.

In the case of Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court:

upheld the conviction of a man who had circulated pamphlets against the draft.

On the question of reparations:

French and British officials took a much harder stance toward Germany than Wilson wished to do.

Which of the following was not a major group in the Senate during the fight to ratify the Treaty of Versailles?

Constitutionalists.

To win support for the Versailles Treaty, Wilson

decided to take his case to the people and appeal to public opinion.

When the Versailles Treaty came before the Senate:

Wilsonians refused to voe for an amended treaty.

The Treaty of Versailles:

All the above are true.

As a result of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia:

Russia concluded a separate peace with Germany.

The Spanish flu epidemic:

killed five times the number of Americans as died in combat in France.

The 1919 police strike in Boston:

concerned the right of policemen to join unions.

The Red Scare of 1919-1920 reflected the:

impact of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.

The German delegation that was presented at the Treaty of Versailles objected to many of the terms of the treaty because:

it violated the Fourteen Points.

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vansetti were:

two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even though there was doubt as to their guilt.

The immigration quota laws passed in the 1920’s:

favored immigrants from nothern and western Europe.

The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920’s was based mainly on:

100 percent Americanism.

How many members did the Ku Klux Klan allegedly have at its peak?

3 to 8 million.

By the 1910’s, the Anti-Saloon League:

had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history.

Which of the following statements about fundamentalists is not true?

They stessed that the Bible should be studied in light of modern scholarship.

The Scopes trial:

concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools.

As a result of the Scopes Trial:

John T. Scopes was found guilty.

The amendment barring the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors was ratified in:

1919.

Congress adopted the Equal Rights Amendment in:

1972.

Which amendment to the Constitution gave women the right to vote?

Nineteenth.

The movement of southern blacks to the the North:

is correctly described by all the above statements.

Which of the following statements best describes working women in the 1920’s?

The number of employed women rose.

Marcus Gravey:

All of the above are true.

Alfred Thayer Mahan wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon History. T/F

True

Social Darwinist ideas justified policies of imperial expansion. T/F

True

The purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million proved to be a huge bargain. T/F

True

The United States purchased Alaska from Great Britain. T/F

False

Between 1875 and 1890, sugar from Hawaii could enter the United States duty-free. T/F

true

Queen Liliuokalani
A. Was forced by Americans living in Hawaii to grant a constitutional government for the islands in 1899
B. welcomed American sugar planters to Hawaii
C. was an American pretender to the Hawaiian throne
D. opposed the Americanization of Hawaii
E. forged a partnership with Dole Pineapple Corp. that went awry

D. opposed the Americanization of Hawaii

Who said, "Speak softly, and carry a big stick"?
A. William Jennings Bryan
B. Grover Cleveland
C. Admiral Dewey
D. William H. Taft
E. Theodore Roosevelt

E. Theodore Roosevelt

The term yellow journalism arose from the:
A. use of native reporters in the press coverage of the battles in the Philippines
B. press coverage of the trials of three Cuban officials who were accused of accepting bribes in the form of gold shipments from insurrectionists
C. circulation war between two New York newspapers
D. use of propaganda in underground newspapers published by the Cuban insurrectionists
E. "scared" journalists who filed their stories from Key West, Florida

circulation war between two New York newspapers

The battleship Maine
A. exploded as it left Miami for Cuba
B. was the source of a battle cry in the Spanish-American war
C. carried arms to the Cuban insurrectionists
D. disappeared at sea with no trace, but newspaper reporters claimed that Spain had ordered it sunk
E. delivered Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders from Tampa to Cuba

B. was the source of a battle cry in the Spanish-American war

After the Spanish-American War, Congress refused to give Theodore Roosevelt the Medal of Honor for his headlong gallop at the head of his troops at San Juan Hill. Despite this
A. Congress did give him this honor immediately following the Great War
B. President Clinton awarded this medal to him in 2001
C. Congress did give him this honor immediately following World War II
D. he was given the Nobel Peace Prize for his service in the Spanish-American War
E. he awarded it to himself in 1902

B. President Clinton awarded this medal to him in 2001

The first major victory for American forces in the Spanish-American War was at
A. San Juan Hill
B. Santiago
C. Manila Bay
D. Havana
E. Kettle Hill

Manila Bay

The treaty ending the Spanish-American War
A. was opposed by most Democrats and Populists
B. was ratified in the Senate over the protests of William Jennings Bryan
C. provided for Spain to pay to the United States of $10,000 for each American soldier killed in the war
D. provided for Hawaiian autonomy
E. said that Spain could keep Guantanamo Bay

A. was opposed by most Democrats and Populists

Who was president when the United States acquired the right to build a canal across Panama?
A. Grover Cleveland
B. William Jennings Bryan
C. William McKinley
D. Woodrow Wilson
E. Theodore Roosevelt

E. Theodore Roosevelt

The Platt Amendment
A. granted U.S. citizenship to inhabitants of Puerto Rico
B. arranged for a Cuban election to decide the issue of annexation
C. sharply restricted the independence of Cuba’s new government
D. set up the Army Yellow Fever Commission under Dr. Walter Red
E. called for Spain to pay for all war reparations

C. sharply restricted the independence of Cuba’s new government

The Open Door policy was rooted in the self-interest of American businessmen and their desire to exploit Chinese markets, but it also
A. suggested that lower port tariffs for Americans would be beneficial
B. showed America’s concern for social justice
C. could be used as a training ground for the U.S. military
D. tapped the deep-seated sympathies of those who opposed imperialism
E. indicated who America could not trust in Europe, namely Belgium

D. tapped the deep-seated sympathies of those who opposed imperialism

The Roosevelt Corollary
A. encouraged American bankers to help finance the shaky Latin American governments
B. justified the use of Marines in Morocco
C. rescinded most of the provisions of the Monroe Doctrine
D. justified American intervention in the Far East
E. stated that the United States could intervene in the affairs of Western Hemisphere countries to forestall the intervention of other powers

E. stated that the United States could intervene in the affairs of Western Hemisphere countries to forestall the intervention of other powers

As a result of Japan’s show of strength in the Russo-Japanese War
A. America was quick to send money and support troops to aid Russia
B. Congress voted financial and military aid to Korea to help prevent a Japanese invasion of the Korean peninsula
C. Congress lifted the limitations it had previously set on Japanese immigration
D. Americans began to doubt the security of the Philippines
E. Americans cut a deal with Korea to protect the Open Door

D. Americans began to doubt the security of the Philippines

With the Boxer Rebellion, all of the following occurred except
A. Chines nationalists laid siege to foreign embassies
B. Peking came under control with the arrival of foreign troops
C. Secretary of State Hay abandoned the Open Door
D. Chinese nationalists rebelled against missionaries
E. a group emerged known as "Fists of Righteous Harmony"

C. Secretary of State Hay abandoned the Open Door

The "Great White Fleet" refers to
A. the British Navy
B. the Spanish Armada
C. the U.S. Navy
D. the first German submarines
E. the Marine Corps band under Sousa

C. the U.S. navy

The United States agreed to pay $10 million plus $250,000 a year for the Panama Canal Zone. T/F

true

Among the antecedents to progressivism were populism, socialism, and the Mugwumps. T/F

True

Theodore Roosevelt gave muckrackers their name. T/F

true

In Swift and Company v. United States, the Supreme Court put forth the"stream-of-commerce" doctrine. T/F

True

William H. Taft achieved the most significant tariff reduction of any progressive president. T/F

False

William Howard Taft finished second in the presidential election of 1912. T/F

false

The subject of Wealth against Commonwealth was
A. Standard oil
B. municipal corruption
C. child labor
D. urban transportation
E. tariff reform

A. standard oil

Frederick W. Taylor
A. was an Oregon reformer responsible for many progressive measures enacted there
B. wrote The Principles of Scientific Management
C. was the progressive editor of Arena
D. was founder of the National Child Labor Committee
E. authored the bill on reclamation for the western states

B. wrote The Principles of Scientific Management

Louis D. Brandeis
A. was the first Jewish member of the Supreme Court
B. led the conservative opposition to federal labor laws
C. was Theodore Roosevelt’s vice-presidential running mate in 1912
D. was president of the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company
E. ran the Federal Farm Loan Board

A. was the first Jewish member of the Supreme Court

A major factor in Woodrow Wilson’s victory in the 1912 presidential campaign was the fact that
A. many Republicans supported his nomination
B. wealthy Democrats poured millions of dollars into his campaign
C. the United States was at war
D. people liked Mrs. Wilson
E. the Republican party had split in two

E. the Republican party split in two

The Underwood-Simmons Tariff
A. raised the average tariff and hence was supported by Wilson
B. lowered the average tariff and hence was opposed by Wilson
C. raised the average tariff and hence was opposed by Wilson
D. lowered the average tariff and hence was supported by Wilson
E. kept tariffs the same as under Taft and Roosevelt

D. lowered the average tariff and hence was supported by Wilson

The Federal Reserve Act did all of the following except
A. made currency and bank credit more elastic
B. created twelve Federal Reserve banks
C. lessened the power of the huge New York banks
D. was the first major banking and currency reform in half a century
E. shifted the U.S. Treasury back to the gold standard

E. shifted the U.S. Treasury back to the gold standard

In the progressive period
A. reformers were generally pessimistic about finding solutions to social ills
B. voter turnout increased
C. many groups–blacks, the poor, the unorganized–had little influence
D. conservative politicians destroyed any semblance of a welfare state
E. Roosevelt proved that the president ultimately has his hands tied

C. many groups–blacks, the poor, the unorganized–had little influence

Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom platform
A. proposed vigorous anti-trust action to break up corporate concentration
B. accepted gigantic corporations as a fact of modern economic life
C. was the creation of a writer named Herbert Croly
D. was the reason he won the 1912 election
E. was vehemently opposed by Louis Brandeis

A. proposed vigorous anti-trust action to break up corporate concentration

Of the four presidential candidates in 1912, the one most likely to advocate government ownership of big business was
A. William Jennings Bryan
B. Woodrow Wilson
C. William Howard Taft
D. Theodore Roosevelt
E. Eugene Debs

E. Eugene Debs

Which of the following statements regarding coal is not true?
A. Taft had a problem with United States Steel acquiring Tennessee Coal and Iron
B. In 1902, Roosevelt threatened to take over coal mines in West Virginia and Pennsylvania
C. Rutherford Hayes and Grover Cleveland sent federal troops to coal country during periods of labor unrest
D. Roosevelt once bellowed that "the Constitution is more important than coal!"
E. Balliner turned over coal lands in Alaska to Seattle tycoons

D. Roosevelt once bellowed that "the Constitution is more important than coal!"

____ eventually became chief justice of the Supreme Court in 1921.
A. William Jennings Bryan
B. Herbert Croly
C. Louis Brandeis
D. William Howard Taft
E. Gifford Pinchot

D. William Howard Taft

The election of 1912 brought about all of the following except
A. gave the Democrats effective national power for the first time in over half a century
B. signaled the return of southerners to national and international affairs for the first time since the Civil War
C. altered the character of the Republican party, making it more conservative
D. offered a high-water mark for progressivism
E. brought the same man to the White House in nonconsecutive terms

E. brought the same man to the White House in nonconsecutive terms

Wilson was a weak president who trusted Congress to adopt the proper policies. T/F

False

Theodore Roosevelt considered the Federal Trade Commission to be the cornerstone of his programs for big business. T/F

False

Federal money for farm demonstration agents was approved in the Adamson Act. T/F

Flase

Concerning United States action in the Caribbean, President Wilson
A. firmly renounced the policies of Taft’s "dollar diplomacy"
B. announced that "the fruit companies will be supported with American force to ensure American prosperity"
C. argued that the United States should recognize any government that exercised de facto power
D. kept marines in Nicaragua and sent marines to Haiti and the Dominican Republic
E. believed that the Monroe Doctrine precluded him from using the military

D. kept marines in Nicaragua and sent marines to Haiti and the Dominican Republic

"Pancho" Villa
A. was captured and executed by American forces in 1914
B. led the Mexican forces against an unsuccessful invasion by U.S. Marines and sailors at Vera Cruz
C. led the rebellion against Mexican president Porfirio Diaz
D. was assassinated for his role in the Zimmermann telegram debacle
E. killed a number of Americans in an attempt to provoke American intervention in Mexico

E. killed a number of Americans in an attempt to provoke American intervention in Mexico

Wich one of the following pairs consists of two countries that were not members of the Triple Entente
A. Austria-Hungary and France
B. France and Great Britain
C. Great Britain and Russia
D. Russia and France
E. Italy and Austria-Hungary

E. Italy and Austria-Hungary

Women in "war work" were usually able to keep their jobs after the war. T/F

False

"Four-minute men"were a special-operations unit of the U.S. Army. T/F

False

In the presidential election of 1916, Republicans used the slogan "He kept us out of war" to discredit Wilson. T/F

False

President Wilson’s response to the sinking of the Lusitania
A. was to sever diplomatic ties with Germany
B. included a speech in which he said that if Germany was responsible for the killing of any more Americans, then a state of war would exist between the United States and Germany
C. was conciliatory
D. was a series of notes demanding that Germany stop such actions and pay reparations
E. was to ask Congress immediately to declare war

D. was a series of notes demanding that Germany stop such actions and pay reparations

The Zimmermann telegram
A. asked for help from Mexico in the case of war between Germany and the United States
B. announced Germany’s decision to wage unrestricted submarine warfare
C. announced the addition of three countries to the Central Powers
D. caused the United States to break diplomatic relations with Germany
E. tipped off J. Edgar Hoover that Germans had infiltrated the FBI

A. asked for help from Mexico in the case of war between Germany and the United States

The congressional resolution for war
A. came quickly in response to the sinking of the Lusitania
B. passed overwhelmingly
C. was divided strictly along party lines
D. included a provision that the United States would accept only an unconditional surrender from Germany
E. passed unanimously in both the House and the Senat

B. passed overwhelmingly

Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917-1918
A. there were 25 prosecutions and 10 convictions
B. speaking and writing against Germany and Italy became a crime
C. criticism of government leaders of war policies became a crime
D. censorship was aimed more at "middle America" than a socialists or other radicals
E. Milwaukee and other Midwestern towns with large numbers of Germans were put under martial law

C. criticism of government leaders or war policies became a crime

What was the major cause of the St. Louis riot in 1917?
A. employment in a defense factory
B. a white man was accused of murdering an African American child
C. an African American was accused of rape
D. misunderstanding of the homeowners’ restrictive clauses
E. black members of the National Guard were told to not wear their uniforms

A. employment in a defense factory

Despite the fact that the Great War generated many changes in female employment, these changes were
A. for married women
B. only significant on the West Coast
C. for single women
D. for white women
E. limited and brief

E. limited and brief

The adoption of the convoy system dramatically reduced Allied losses to German submarines. T/F

True

Former president Theodore Roosevelt was one of the biggest supporters of the League of Nations. T/F

False

Some 8,000 American troops landed in Russia in 1918
A. to help end the German occupation of Russia’s eastern frontier
B. when Russia signed a separate peace treaty with Germany
C. when Russia threatened to fight for the Central Powers
D. to fight the pro-Bolshevik "White" Russians
E. to free American prisoners of war

B. when Russia signed a separate peace treaty with Germany

In negotiating with the Big Four over many postwar territorial issues, President Wilson
A. remained true to his core values
B. only compromised when it benefited America
C. demanded that Democratic states must be established
D. had to compromise his principle of national self-determination
E. was embarrassed to admit that most Americans did not want the League

D. had to compromise his principle of national self-determination

The Red Scare of 1919-1920 was directed against
A. the KKK
B. blacks
C. labor unions
D. socialists and communists
E. Germans

D. socialists and communists

The event that triggered World War I in Europe was
A. Germany’s invasion of Belgium
B. Russia’s decision to ally with France and Britain
C. Germany’s determination to build a navy as large as Britain’s
D. the fallout of the Bolshevik Revolution
E. a Serb’s assassination of the Austrian archduke

E. a Serb’s assassination of the Austrian archduke

Which of the following is true of the Lusitania?
A. It was sunk by a submarine right outside New York Harbor
B. It was one of the largest battleships in the British navy
C. It secretly carried weapons and ammunition in its cargo
D. Its sinking led Wilson to support a war against Germany
E. It was the only passenger ship the Germans attacked during the war

C. It secretly carried weapons and ammunition in its cargo

The Treaty of Versailles did all of the following except
A. included a "war guilt" clause that blamed Germany for World War I
B. created new nations such as Poland and Yugoslavia
C. required Germany to pay reparations
D. demilitarized the Rhineland
E. required veterans’ pensions to be paid by their home country

E. required veterans’ pensions to be paid by their home country

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were
A. convicted of bombing 8 army supply trucks
B. two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even though there was doubt as to their guilt
C. finally exonerated of the charges of payroll robbery and murder
D. murdered by members of the KKK
E. the New York Yankees’ double-play combination during the 1920s

B. two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even though there was doubt as to their guilt

The immigration quota laws passed in the 1920s
A. favored immigrants from southern and eastern Europe
B. encouraged Asians to immigrate to America
C. Set strict limits on immigration from Mexico
D. rescinded the Gentlemen’s Agreement accepted during Theodore Roosevelt’s administration
E. favored immigrants from northern and western Europe

E. favored immigrants from from northern and western Europe

The KKK of the 1920s was based mainly on
A. anti-Semitic rhetoric
B. prohibition
C. fundamentalist religious beliefs
D. anti-black rhetoric
E. "100 percent Americanism"

E. "100 percent Americanism"

Who said, "When the hordes of aliens walk to the ballot box and their votes outnumber yours, then that alien horde has got you by the throat"?
A. Clarence Darrow
B. Ruth Benedict
C. William J. Simmons
D. Moorefield Storey
E. Marcus Garvey

C. William J. Simmons

The Scopes trial
A. pitted William Howard Taft, former U.S. president and confessed agnostic, for the prosecution against fundamentalist Clarence Darrow for the defense
B. concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools
C. represented victory of the fundamentalist movement in America
D. prosecuted Klansmen for lynching
E. brought Americans together on the subject of education

B. concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools

"Flappers" was the slang word for illegal drinking establishments in the 1920s. T/F

False

Margaret Sanger distributed contraceptives through the mail. T/F

False

Women gained the right to vote in 1916 as World War I began. T/F

False

By the 1910s, the Anti-Saloon League
A. was out of business
B. only had a minimal effect on Americans
C. called for a withdrawal of the Eighteenth Amendment
D. had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history
E. merged with the WCTU

D. had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history

Not being able to convict Al Capone on bootlegging charges, the federal government convicted him for
A. illegal immigration activities
B. drug trafficking
C. contempt of Congress
D. tax evasion
E. prostitution

D. tax evasion

The Roaring Twenties was dubbed "the Jazz Age" by
A. Upton Sinclair
B. Ernest Hemingway
C. Langston Hughes
D. Louis Armstrong
E. F. Scott Fitzgerald

E. F. Scott Fitzgerald

Petting parties were
A. opportunities for young men and women to experiment sexually with each other
B. opportunities for young men and women to learn about proper treatment of dogs and cats
C. opportunities to raise money for the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA)
D. visits to the zoo so young people could get away from their parents
E. parents’ chances to teach their children proper morals

A. opportunities for young men and women to experiment sexually with each other

All of the following could be associated with flappers except
A. bobbed hair
B. Victorian values
C. smoking and drinking
D. short skirts
E. heavy makeup

B. Victorian values

Carrie Chapman Catt was best known for her achievements promoting
A. modernist art
B. prohibition
C. women’s suffrage
D. racial reforms
E. immigration reform

C. women’s suffrage

Which amendment to the constitution gave women the right to vote?
A. 17th
B. 18th
C. 19th
D. 20th
E. 21st

C. 19th

The author of Cane, considered by many to be the single greatest work of the Harlem Renaissance, was
A. Claude McKay
B. Jean Toomer
C. DuBose Heyward
D. Langston Hughes
E. W.E.B. DuBois

B. Jean Toomer

The Universal Negro Improvement Association
A. sponsored black artists and writers
B. was led by Marcus Garvey
C. promoted Booker T. Washington’s idea of racial peace through accommodation
D. was the forerunner of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
E. was conceived by W.E.B. DuBois

B. was led by Marcus Garvey

All of the following were prophets of modernism except
A. Ezra Pound
B. Edward Bellamy
C. Gertrude Stein
D. T.S. Eliot
E. Ernest Hemingway

B. Edward Bellamy

The major American prophets of modernist literature lived in Europe. T/F

True

The southern renaissance was characterized by a dying traditional world and the birth of a modern, commercial world inspired by World War I’s industrial production.
T/F

True

With the Republicans in control of the federal government, progressivism disappeared in the 1920s. T/F

False

As president, Warren Harding was actually more progressive than Woodrow Wilson in his attitudes and policies toward African Americans. T/F

True

The federal government refused to assist the young aircraft industry in the 1920s. T/F

False

By the mid-1920s, most Americans still could not afford to buy a Model T Ford. T/F

False

The Hawley-Smoot Tariff raised import duties to an all-time high. T/F

True

The progressive coalition that elected Woodrow Wilson president dissolved by 1920 for all the following reasons except
A. many of the progressive reforms still unattainable
B. intellectuals became disillusioned because of the anti-evolution movement
C. radicals and pacifists became disenchanted with America’s entrance into the great War and the war’s aftermath
D. the middle class became more interested in business than reform
E. Prohibition was unpopular

A. many of the progressive reforms still seemed unattainable

The result in the presidential election of 1920 might be attributed to
A. the smear campaign directed against Democratic candidate A. Mitchell Palmer
B. the fact that Americans in the 1920s were "tired of issues, sick at heart of ideals, and weary of being noble"
C. southerners who expressed their displeasure at President Wilson’s policies by voting Republican
D. the lack of women voters in the election
E. the lack of African American voters in the election

B. the fact that Americans in the 1920s were "tired of issues, sick at heart of ideals, and weary of being noble"

The "Ohio gang"
A. rivaled Charlie Chaplin in box office receipts in the 1920s
B. directed Herbert Hoover’s rise to the presidency
C. was a group of angry young men in a short story by Sinclair Lewis about the consumer culture
D. hoisted the first national radio program
E. was a group of President Harding’s friends who were named to political office

E. was a group of President Harding’s friends who were named to political office

The tariff policy of the early 1920s
A. made it easier for other nations to sell to the United States
B. made it harder for other nations to sell to the United States
C. made it easier for other nations to repay their war debts
D. led Americans to cut back on loans and investments abroad
E. had virtually no effect on the average American, but significantly limited businesses

B. made it harder for other nations to sell to the United States

Harding’s secretary of the treasury
A. favored retaining the high wartime level of taxation in order to build up the public treasury
B. favored a reduction of the high wartime level of taxation, but mainly for the rich
C. favored a reduction of the high wartime level of taxation, but mainly for the poor and middle class
D. persuaded Congress to drop the personal income tax instituted under Wilson
E. supported the calling in of all loans to Europe

B. favored a reduction of the high wartime level of taxation, but mainly for the rich

The rise of the automobile did all of the following except
A. was aided by Henry Ford’s mass-production innovations
B. encouraged the sprawl of suburbs
C. quickened the good-roads movement
D. opened Alaska to tourism
E. sparked real-estate booms

D. opened Alaska to tourism

One of the most significant economic and social developments of the early 20th century was the development of the
A. airplane
B. telephone
C.television
D. refrigerator
E. automobile

E. automobile

The McNary-Haugen bill
A. called for dumping surplus crops on the world market in order to raise domestic prices
B. failed to pass Congress in 1922 but passed in 1927 with the support of President Coolidge
C. effectively raised domestic commodity prices
D. was viewed with derision by American farmers
E. is correctly represented by all the above statements

A. called for dumping surplus crops on the world market in order to raise domestic prices

In "yellow-dog" contracts, employees
A. agreed to submit all grievances to an arbitration panel whose decision was binding
B. forced workers to agree to stay out of unions
C. agreed to hire only union workers
D. forced workers to sign a statement that they would vote the Democratic ticket
E. agreed to automatic wage increases in return for the workers’ promise not to strike

B. forced workers to agree to stay out of unions

Which of the following was not a cause of the Depression
A. The gold standard caused a tightening of currency supplies worldwide
B. Corporate structures had been bloated by the success of the 1920s but were unprepared for the tightening of the economy
C. Andrew Mellon was overconfident in the power of market capitalism to right itself
D. Much of the profits that had been taken during the 1920s had been put back into companies rather than saved or invested in other ways
E. A decline in the public consumption of goods led to a lower rate of investment in new plants

A. The gold standard caused a tightening of currency supplies worldwide

One major cause of the Depression was that workers’ wages were too high. T/F

False

Although Herbert Hoover strictly resisted giving federal assistance directly to individuals, he did actively pursue avenues intended to put the nation’s economy on the path of recovery. T/F

True

Businessmen flew "Hoover flags" to show their support for the president’s hands-off approach to the Depression. T/F

False

Politically, Democrats suffered most from the stock market crash and the beginning of the Depression. T/F

False

The "Bonus Expeditionary Force" was organized to secure the U.S.-Mexico border/ T/F

False

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