Chapter 3 Sociology Study Guide- Payton Temple

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The United States is the most ____ of all countries


As a part of human culture, religion is an example of

non-material culture

What is the term for the beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that together make up a people’s way of life?


The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society is referred to as

non-material culture

Cars, computers, and iPhones are all examples of which of the following?

material culture

Among all forms of life, humans stand out as the only species that

relies on culture to ensure survival

The term Homo sapiens, the name of our species, comes from Latin meaning

"thinking person"

The United States is multicultural because

we have received many immigrants with many different religions (increased migration)

Sociologists define a symbol as

anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture

The fact that instant messaging is based on a new set of symbols shows us that

creating new symbols, many ways to use symbols to communicate, culture changes over time

Which of the following most closely conveys the point of the Sapir-Whorf thesis?

people see the world through the cultural lens of their language

Standards by which people who share culture define what is desirable, good & beautiful are called:


The dominant values of U.S. culture share which of the following?

a belief of individuality

An act of kindness, such as opening the door for an elderly man, illustrates conforming to


Elements of social control in everyday life include

shame, guilt, sanctions, including the response to other people

Sociologists refer to tangible or physical human creations as


Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society’s population are referred to as:

popular culture

If you were to attend a New York Ballet performance, you would be experiencing:

high culture

Subculture refers to:

cultural patterns that set apart a segment of a society’s population

Harley Davidson motorcycle riders, computer nerds, and jazz musicians all display _____ patterns


About how many adults in the United States speak a language other than English at home?

52 million, 19%

Other than English, which is the most widely-spoken language in the United States?


Counterculture refers to:

cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society

Region of the U.S. where the largest share of people speak a language other than English at home is the:


Compared to college students of the late 1960s, more of today’s college students are concerned with:

being very well off financially

The term "cultural lag" refers to the fact that:

some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system

The spread of cultural traits from one society to another is called:


A person who criticizes the Amish farmer as "backward" for tilling his fields with horses and a plow instead of using a tractor is displaying:


The emergence of rock and roll in the United States demonstrates:

musical taste is lined to people’s social standing, cultural patterns are subject to change, emergence of a youth culture

Which of the following adds to the creation of a global culture?

flow of goods from country to country, flow of information around the world, flow of people from country to country

Cultural universals are elements of culture that:

are part of every known culture

George Murdock pointed to many cultural universals. Which of the following is NOT an example of a cultural universal?

belief in a heavenly afterlife

Which theoretical approach is linked to the philosophical doctrine of materialism?

social conflict

Theory explaining how schooling helps prepare young people for work they will do as adults represents:

structural-functional approach

Culture acts as a constraint, limiting human freedom because

much culture is habit and is repeated again and again

Culture is a source of human freedom because

as cultural creatures, humans make and remake the world for themselves

Businesses in this country can profit from recognizing the cultural diversity of the U.S. population


Experiencing an unfamiliar culture can generate culture shock


The Census Bureau reports that only ten different languages are spoken in the United States

false, 200+ languages

Symbols allow people to make sense of their surroundings


Cultural transmission cannot take place unless people have a written language


Values are standards that serve as broad guidelines for living


Compared to cultures around the world, the U.S. way of life emphasizes individualism


Cultural values in the United States always go together—they are all consistent with one another.


Values and norms help to define a society’s "ideal culture."


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