chap 12

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Essential nutrients include all of the following EXCEPT


the process by which foods you eat are broken down and absorbed is called


which of the following essential nutrients does not supply energy


Fat provides ________ calories per gram.


protein AND Carbohydrate provides ________ calories per gram.


which of the following statements about alcohol is true?

it is not an essential nutrient

which of the following essential nutrients is most important in the formation of bones and muscles?


of the 20 amino acids, how many are essential?


protein sources that provide all the amino acids that cannot be manufactured in the body are. called…


Meats, fish, poultry, and eggs are sources of ___________ protein.


Foods from most plant sources supply ____________ proteins.



all of these

the recommended daily intake of protein is ________ of total daily calories


Which of the following is NOT a function of fats?

They remove waste products

Most of the fats in food are in the form of


The essential fatty acids, linoleic and alpha-linoleic acids, are both

poly unsaturated

saturated fats are primarily

found in animal food sources and solid at room temperature

Leading sources of saturated fat in the American diet include all of the following, EXCEPT


Which of the following does NOT contain mostly monounsaturated fatty acids?

palm oil


Turns vegetable oils (unsaturated) into solids (saturated

A by-product of hydrogenation is

trans fatty acids

Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding vegetable oils that have been hydrogenated?

they tend to be higher in saturated fat

which of the following statements about trans fatty acids is true?

all of the above

one source of omega 3 fatty acids is


When reducing fat intake, the emphasis should be placed on lowering intake of

trans fatty acids

Which of the following macronutrient distributions is consistent with the acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges set by the Food and
Nutrition Board of the National Academies?

10 percent of daily calories as protein, 65 percent of daily calories as carbohydrate, 25 percent of daily calories as fat

When John doesn’t eat enough carbohydrates to satisfy his body’s need, where will his body get the needed carbohydrates?


Which of the following is NOT considered a simple carbohydrate?


which of the following are richest in complex carbohydrates?

grains and legums

The liver and muscles store carbohydrates in the form of


The refinement of whole grains transforms whole-wheat flour into

white flour

refined grains

tend to be much lower in fiber and vitamins than whole grains.

the consumption of whole grains has been linked to

all of these

fiber can help

do all of these

all of the following are good sources of viscous types of fiber except

wheat bran

the primary function of a vitamin is

regulate processes within cells

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