ARH 100 test 2

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Artists draw for many reasons, including:

all of the reasons

2. In Leonardo da Vinci’s design for a flying machine he used a ________ as his inspiration.

bird’s wing

3. When Raphael was preparing to paint his fresco The School of Athens he did a large drawing called ________ to help place the design on the wall.

a cartoon

4. Pencils have a range of values from very light to very dark. If you wanted a dark value, which of these pencil numbers would be the darkest?


5. In her self-portrait, the artist Ilka Gedö used pencil and varied the ________ in order to suggest texture, create emphasis, and to produce darker values.


6. When creating his silverpoint drawing Heads of the Virgin and Child, Raphael employed ________, a process in which the artist uses closely arranged parallel lines to create value.


7. Sticks of chalk, pastel, and crayon are all made by combining pigment with ________.


8. Artists’ chalk is powdered calcium carbonate combined with this binder.

gum arabic

The French Impressionist Edgar Degas used this dry drawing medium when he created The Tub in 1886.


10. The French artist Georges Seurat created a study for his huge painting La Grande Jatte using this waxy medium.

conte crayon

11. Erasers can be used by artists as drawing tools. In 1953 Robert Rauschenberg created a work by erasing a drawing by this famous Abstract Expressionist painter.

d. Willem de Kooning

12. Artists, such as Vincent van Gogh, vary the width of a reed pen stroke by ________.

pressing harder

13. East Asian artists have traditionally applied ink using a ________.


14. An artist who is using brush and ink will often control the value of the ink by ________.

diluting with water

15. Before the invention of paper, drawings were done on ________.

all of the other answers

16. In which country was paper invented by Cai Lun, who made it out of macerated plant fibers suspended in water?


17. In addition to its fiber content and weight, paper is also classified by its surface texture. What is the type of paper that is created on a screen with a grid-like structure?


18. This is the practice of drawing from a live model or other actual objects.

life drawing

19. Matisse called these works "drawing with scissors" because in them he concentrated on the contours of shapes.


20. This type of drawing involves the use of long continuous lines to capture the changing surface and outline of an object.


1. Paint in its most basic form is composed of ________ and a liquid binder.


2. This component of paint has traditionally been extracted from minerals, soils, vegetable matter, and animal by-products.


3. The binding agent in encaustic painting is ________.


4. This painting tool can be used to apply thick encaustic paint.

palette knife

Naturalistic encaustic portraits of the Roman era, from the Fayum Oasis in Egypt, were created as ________.

funerary adornments

6. The binding agent for tempera paint is ________.


7. Tempera lends itself to high ________ because it is usually applied with a brush in short, thin strokes.


8. Islamic and Renaissance artists often used tempera in conjunction with oil and this material, which adds a rich appearance to the work.

gold leaf

9. This twentieth-century American painter chose tempera to describe his neighbor’s "extraordinary conquest of life" in the work Christina’s World.

andrew wyeth

10. This painting process relies on freshly applied lime plaster to hold the pigment in place.


11. There are two types of fresco. Fresco secco, which means dry fresco, and this kind, which means good fresco.


12. Taking four years to complete, the Sistine Chapel ceiling was painted by this artist in sections using the buon fresco method


13. This painting binder is a by-product of flax production and first came into common use during the late Middle Ages and the Northern Renaissance.

linseed oil

14. The Renaissance artist and writer Giorgio Vasari credited this Flemish painter with the invention of oil paint.

jan van eyck

15. The transparency of oil paint allows a painter to use a process called glazing in order to add a high degree of ________ to a painting.


16. Californian artist Joan Brown used this painting technique, created by applying thick layers of paint to a surface.


7. Italian Baroque artist Artemisia Gentileschi used this medium for her Allegory of Painting, a self-portrait of the artist with a paintbrush in hand.

oil paint

18. This contemporary painting medium uses a polymer resin as a binder.


19. This painting medium is transparent, applied to a paper surface, and has a gum arabic binder (the French version uses honey.)


20. This painting medium is opaque, applied to a paper surface, and uses a gum arabic binder.


21. This German artist’s naturalistic depiction Hare was created using a combination of watercolor and gouache highlighting.


22. This medium is made of pigment suspended in water so that it adheres to the fibers of paper to which it is commonly applied. Usually there is a small amount of gum arabic in this medium, and it most often uses only black pigment.


23. This painting technique was used by the prehistoric cave painters of Lascaux, France, and is still used by contemporary graffiti artists.

spray paint

24. The best surface to paint the medium of encaustic on is fabric.


25. Artists used oil paint on cave walls thousands of years ago.


Which of the following is a print making process?


When a printmaker rolls ink into a raised surface and presses a piece of paper onto it, the resulting image on the paper is known as

An impression

Images were first reproduced by printmaking in this ancient culture


The earliest existing printed artworks on paper were created in this culture


This type of printmaking is done by carving away part of a block in order to leave a easier surface that can be inked and printed


This style of printmaking means "pictures of floating world" and was practiced by the Japanese artist Kitagawa Utamaro


This twentieth-century German artist used the natural grain and splintering of the woodblock to make his work prophet more expressive

Emil Nolde

This term for plate printmaking means "cut into" in Italian


This printmaking tool is a sharp instrument used to mark the surface of a plate


This intaglio printing process involves carefully and cleanly scoring on a metal plate


This intaglio process is achieved by pulling a buring across a surface of a metal plate, leaving a burr where the ink will collect


The intaglio prpcess eploys acid to mar the surface of a metal plate


the seventeeth century dutch artist was a master of etching and used it to depict adam and eve


intaglio process makes an image that resembles a water based media and uses melted rosin to create an acid resisitnat coating


this intaglio process is achieved by roughening the entire metal plate surface witha rocking tool, then smoothing the areas where the ink is to be wiped


this type of prinktmaking does not a require the artist to cute into the surface, the ink is suspended by other means to complete the print


printmaking process means "stone writing" in greek


french artist depicts the aftermath of police brutality

Honore duamier

this printmaking process is used for t-shirts solar panels and circuit boards


a group of prints that are identical and produced in a limited number is called ____.

an edition

this process can be used to create a unique printed image and involves a clean plate of metal or glass on which the artist carefuly inks the image and then prints


what does the word "photograph" mean

writing with light

the mechanic of the camera are very similiar to those of _____.

the human eye

the first cameras were ____.

room sized

the name of the opening that lets light into any camera is called


when were the first successful photographs made using a camera?

early 1800’s

daguerreos are made on

polished metal plates

a major benefit of the daguerros process is that___________

it created very detailed images

a major benefit of the calotype process is that_____.

calotypes are negaitves that can be readily reproduced

one of the earliest surviving photographs is a still life of

plaster casts, a framed pic, and a wine and flask by the window

in his photograph two ways of life, oscar gustav employed methos that emulated the process of


the steerage by alfred stieglitz depicts______

passengers on a steam ship

what is it called when a photographer chooses to make a photograph look candid and spontaneous

snapshot aesthetics

hannah hoch was part of the movement knows as


sally mann’s 1989 photograph the new mothers was made

in black and white

contemporary photographer edwar burtyksky intends his manufacturing series to make viewers think about human actions leading to ___________;

enviromental impact

color photographs could be made from the time that the first photophraphic processes were intvented


shinign a light through a film negative reverses the tones so that multiple pos + trips can be made


the final step in developing a film iin a dark room is washing and drying the print



image matches the appearance as the human eye would see it


image the reverses the tones of light and dark


person place of thing being photograph

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