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What Causes Climate-

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Oceans make the temperatures of nearby land more extreme.


Summers are caused by

a combination of longer days and more direct rays from the sun.

Near the end of both March and September,

neither end of Earth’s axis is tilted toward the sun.

In winter in the Southern Hemisphere, the south end of Earth’s axis is tilted away from the sun.


Because of its high elevation, Mount Kilimanjaro has a cool climate all year.


The climate zones lying between 23.5° and 66.5° north and south latitude are called the

temperate zones.

Streams of water called ocean currents move warm or cold water, warming or cooling the nearby land.


The main factors that affect an area’s temperature are prevailing winds and mountains.


The climate on the leeward side of a mountain differs from that on the windward side mostly in

the amount of rainfall.

The sun’s rays are least direct

near the poles.

Sea and land breezes over a large region that change direction with the season are called


The land on the leeward side of a mountain range is in a rain shadow.


The farther you live from an ocean, the more likely your climate will be a

continental climate.

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