Psychology Quiz 6

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Explicit memory begins to form after about age two________________________.

When the hippocampus is more fully developed

Quincy had a terrifying experience in which he was attacked by a dog. This memory is likely stored in the:

Amygdala

Jamie has the ability to look quickly at a page in a book, then focus on a blank piece of paper and "read" the words from the image of the page in the book that still linger in his sensory memory. Jamie’s ability is an example of:

Eidetic Imagery

Once you learn how to tie your shoes, the action becomes part of:

Procedural Memory

Eve is able to remember her Social Security number by breaking it into three parts: three numbers/two numbers/four numbers. Eve is using the process of:

Chunking

Erik solved a crossword puzzle on Monday. By Thursday, he could not remember the words in the puzzle. On Thursday night when he was playing a word game with his best friend, however, he unconsciously used words that were in the puzzle. Erik’s experience is an example of:

Implicit Memory

The ______ can be used to explain how rapidly the points on the semantic network can be accessed.

Parallel Distributed Processing Model

One may transfer information from short-term memory (STM) into long-term memory (LTM) by:

Elaborative Rehearsal

In spite of the loud music and many conversations at the party, Rachel was able to hear her friend say her name. Rachel’s ability to hear her name regardless of the background noise is an example of:

Selective Attention

The Tower of Hanoi study found that people with anterograde amnesia:

Still formed new procedural memories

The idea that memory formation is a simultaneous process is reflected in the:

Parallel Distributed Processing Model

The _________ assumes that how long a memory will be remembered depends on the stage of memory in which it is stored

Information Processing Model

The ________ is derived from work in the development of artificial intelligence

Parallel Distributed Processing Model

On the first day of school, all of the students in Mrs. Randall’s class shared with her their names. Mrs. Randall’s students were engaging in the process of ________.

Encoding

You always ask for a window whenever you fly because you love looking at the clouds and their shapes as the plane flies above them. The type of sensory memory used when viewing the clouds is _______ memory.

Iconic Sensory

Kevin was in a study room during which he was shown a photo of a man with straight hair. Later, he was asked if he noticed the man’s curly hair. Kevin was then convinced that the man in the photo had curly hair. This is an example of:

The misinformation effect

Marcos and his friends enjoy watching football together on Sundays. After some of the games are over, Marcos tells his friends that he knew all along who would win the game. Marcos’ belief that he could predict the outcome of some of the games without having been told the winners in advance is an example of:

Hindsight Bias

A study conducted by Pezdek and Hodge (1999) asked children to read five different summaries of childhood events. Two of these events were false, but only one of the two false events were plausible. The children were all told that all of the events happened to them as small children. The results of this study indicated:

That the plausible false events were significantly more likely to be remembered as false memories than were the implausible false events

________ is the tendency for memory of any kind of information to be improved if the physical surroundings available when the memory is first formed are also available when the memory is being retrieved.

Encoding Specifically

You walk into a room and know that there’s something you need, but in order to remember it, you have to go back to the room you started in and use your surroundings. This illustrates:

The importance of retrieval cues in memory

People’s memories of September 11, 2001 are best described as:

Flashbulb memories

Which is an example of a recognition task?

A word search puzzle

Chris learns her vocabulary words while listening to upbeat, happy music, and is then better able to remember them later if she is happy. This is called:

State dependent learning

Marcia dated Davio for several years. They recently broke up and Marcia went out on a date with a man named Oliver. While on the date, Marcia mistakenly called him Davio. This is an example of:

Proactive interference

Manny was talking to his friend as he was walking out the door. A few minutes later, Manny asked his friend about the conversation they had few minutes earlier, while walking out the door. Since his friend was not paying attention to him, he could not recall what Manny had said. Manny’s friend experienced:

Encoding failure

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