SOM 122 Operations Questions

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D

__________ is the specialized area of management that converts or transforms resources into goods and services. A. Logistics management B. Resource engineering C. Intrapreneuring D. Operations management

C

__________ is the creation of goods and services using land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship, and knowledge. A. Resource recombination B. Supply chain management C. Production D. Purchasing

D

___________ utility is the value added by the creation of finished goods and services using raw materials, components, and other inputs. A. Manufacturing B. Marginal C. Consumption D. Form

A

In ___________, materials are physically or chemically changed to produce a product. A. process manufacturing B. assembly processes C. utilitarian production D. diffusive manufacturing

C

A(n) __________ puts together components to make a product. A. modular process B. compression process C. assembly process D. econometric process

B

A production process characterized by long production runs to turn out finished goods over time is known as a(n): A. assembly process. B. continuous process. C. extended process. D. unrestricted process.

C

In the past, the idea behind mass production was to: A. produce goods of the highest possible quality. B. give producers the maximum flexibility to respond to customer preferences. C. make large quantities of a limited variety of products at very low cost. D. give workers more control over their work environment

D

In _________, machines are designed to do multiple tasks so that they can produce a variety of products. A. systems engineering B. microdesign C. modular construction D. flexible manufacturing

B

The goal of lean manufacturing is to: A. keep inventories of finished goods as high as possible. B. produce goods and services with less of everything that goes into the process. C. produce a very limited variety of goods. D. become more self sufficient by producing major components rather than buying them.

D

A production process characterized by a short production run and frequent adjustments to machines so that different products can be produced is known as a(n): A. just-in-time process. B. lean manufacturing system. C. analytic process. D. intermittent process.

A

__________ is the process of selecting a geographic location for a company’s operations. A. Facility location B. Facility layout C. FRP D. Geographic requirements planning

C

Contemporary producers and their suppliers, A. locate in areas where they can share the same labor. B. know that it is not necessary to locate close to international customers due to technology such as the Internet. C. locate close together to decrease the cost of distribution. D. have advanced beyond ERP to more sophisticated systems.

C

Operations management becomes a(n) ____________ when companies outsource several processes and create a network of firms that cooperatively produce products and services. A. open operation B. closed operation C. interfirm process D. conjoined process

B

__________ is the physical arrangement of resources in the production process. A. Facility location B. Facility layout C. ERP D. RRL

C

Firms often use a(n) _____________ when working on a major project involving the production of a large item such as an airplane, ship, or bridge. A. assembly line layout B. continuous production process C. fixed-position layout D. process manufacturing technique

A

Unlike an assembly line where workers perform only a few tasks, in a _________ layout, teams of workers combine to perform a variety of tasks needed to produce more complex units of a final product. A. modular B. spoke and wheel C. network D. cluster

A

In manufacturing, a __________ is used to produce large quantities of a few types of products. A. assembly-line layout B. process layout C. modular layout D. fixed-position layout

B

In manufacturing, a __________ is frequently used in operations that serve different customers’ different needs. A. product layout B. process layout C. modular layout D. fixed-position layout

C

To reduce the cost of holding too much inventory, many companies have implemented: A. ABC inventory management. B. first-in, last-out inventory control. C. just-in-time inventory control. D. maximum inventory management.

D

____________ examines statistical samples of product components at each stage of the production process and plots the results on a graph in order to spot and correct any variances from desired quality levels. A. CAD/CAM B. Econometrics C. Analysis of variance D. Statistical process control

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