Section 11-4- Meiosis

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a. Each organism must inherit a single copy of every gene from both its parents.

b. When an organism produces its own gametes, those two sets of genes must be separated from each other.

List the two things that Mendel’s principles of genetics requires in order to be true.

Each of the chromosomes in the set from the male parent has a corresponding chromosome from the female parent.

What does it mean when two sets of chromosomes are homologous?

a. 2N

b. Contains two sets of homologous chromosomes

Give each way to describe a diploid cell.


What is the number of chromosomes in a haploid Drosophilia cell?

The number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell.

Why is meiosis described as a process of reduction division?

a. Meiosis I

b. Meiosis II

What are the two distinct divisions of meiosis?


Is the following sentence true or false? The diploid cell that enters meiosis becomes 4 haploid cells at the end of meiosis.

A tetrad forms when each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chromosome.

How does a tetrad form in prophase I of meiosis?


What is the number of chromatids in a tetrad?

When homologous chromosomes in tetrads exchange portions of their chromatids, alleles are exchanged between the homologous chromosomes to produce new combinations of alleles.

What results from the process of crossing-over during prophase I?

a. During meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate.

b. During anaphase II, the paired chromatids separate.

What is true about meiosis?

Haploid gametes produced in females.

What are eggs?

Haploid gametes produced in males.

What are sperm?

Cells produced in females that do not participate in reproduction.

What are polar bodies?

a. Mitosis begins with a diploid cell.

b. Meiosis begins with a diploid cell.

What is true about mitosis and meiosis?

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