Ethics Chapters 17 & 18 (Animal Rights- Biotechnology and Bioengineering)

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Only if animals have rights do we have duties toward them.


Globally, how many animal species are considered to be endangered?

Almost 20,000

To say that an animal is sentient means that it has certain desires and interests.


About how many animals are used for experiments each year in the US?

25 million

Animals are moral patients if what we do to them matters morally.


Animal experimentation appeals to ________ reasoning?


Sentience refers to an animal’s ability to

Feel emotion

Singer begins his argument by comparing animal rights to

Women’s rights

A right is a strong legitimate claim.


From the anthropocentric perspective, the idea that we should curtail human activities to preserve a nonhuman species is generally anchored in which of our ethical theories?


One prudential argument for vegetarianism is that it probably gives one a healthier diet.


The Human Genome Project was completed in:


One of the central issues in the debate over embryonic stem cell research is the moral status of the human blastocyst, a fertilized ball of cells smaller than a grain of sand.


How has nearly all the food we eat been "genetically modified" in the broadest sense of the term?

It has been cross-bred for centuries.

Stem cells are


The Human Genome Project was designed to alter and perfect the human genetic code.


Mammals have never been cloned.


The "playing God" argument against cloning

Is not necessarily a religious argument.

The yuck factor argument to human cloning holds that we ought to trust our gut reactions to certain procedures as indicative of their moral nature.


Some opponents of stem cell research argue that the early undifferentiated cells of the blastocyst have the full moral status of a person, and thus cannot be used in medical research.


The argument that human personhood begins at conception and humans should not be used for scientific research is founded in

Categorical imperative

Therapeutic cloning refers to the process by which

Cloning is used for medical purposes.

Embryonic stem cells are called omnipotent, because they can develop into many different kinds of tissue.


The suggestion that using embryos from fertility clinics which would otherwise be destroyed or kept frozen is an ethical activity relies upon ________ reasoning


According to MacKinnon, of the 20,000 human genes, how many are unique to humans and not found in other animals?


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