Ch. 9 Post Test

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How can a bill become a law without the signature of the President?

If the house and senate override the president’s veto through a two-thirds majority

If a proposed bill doesn’t get voted out of committee to go back to the House and Senate, the bill has ________ in committee.


In 2013, Democratic Senate leader Harry Reid mobilized his party to alter the filibuster rule, creating what is known as

the nuclear option

In the 2013 Supreme Court case of Shelby County v Holder, the court ruled that

a section of the Voting Rights Act requiring that the Justice Department approve certain redistricting plans was unconstitutional.

in the House, the Democrats’ Steering and Policy Committee is responsible in part for

assigning new legislators to committees

In the Senate, ______ can be used to kill a bill through long floor debate unless three-fifths of the Senate vote for _______.


In the Senate, the allocation of floor time for members is influenced by

ranking committee members

Members of Congress are MOST likely to listen to the interest groups that

are connected to the constituents in those members’ districts

Of all the influences that maintain the clarity of party lines in Congress which is probably the MOST important?

the influence of the presidency

Presidential power to make treaties and appoint top executive officers, ambassadors, and federal judges is subject to

the Senate’s advice and consent power

Term limits for congress are advocated by some because they believe that their effect would

allow new faces matching America’s demographic makeup to win elections more frequently without facing an incumbency advantage

The MOST important arenas of congressional policy making are

standing committees

The _______ Committee in the House of Representatives allots the time for House debate and decides to what extent amendments to the bill can be proposed from the floor


The chief presiding officer of the House of Representatives and the most important party figure in the House is known as the

Speaker of the House

The president pro tempore in the Senate is _____ the majority and minority leaders

less powerful than

The process occurring after every decennial census that allocates congressional seats among the 50 states is known as


The process of realigning election districts and redistributing legislative representatives every 10 years to reflect shifts in population or in response to legal challenge is known as


The use of the filibuster and cloture in the U.S. Senate

has increased to record highs

What trend has been observed in the congressional oversight power in recent years?

the power has been used as a tool of partisan politics

Which of the following is an accurate description of the makeup or characteristic of caucuses?

groups of senators or the representatives who share certain opinions, interests, or social characteristics

Which type of legislation specifies a project to be funded within a particular district to help a legislature with re-election even though that project is likely not essential?


_______ Committees are usually temporary legislative committees set up to highlight or investigate a particular issue or to address an issue not within the jurisdiction of existing committees.


________ representation occurs when a representative is held accountable to a constituency if he or she fails to represent that constituency properly, especially when the representative differs from his or her constituents’ demographic characteristics


________ is the formal charge by the House of Representatives that a government official has committed "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."


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