Apex Economics Final Exam Review

Your page rank:

Total word count: 6488
Pages: 24

Calculate the Price

- -
275 words
Looking for Expert Opinion?
Let us have a look at your work and suggest how to improve it!
Get a Consultant

When the government runs a budget deficit, what must it eventually do in order to pay back its debt?

have a budget surplus

What does enforcing consumer-protection regulations involve?

government oversight of the production process

Match each company, organization, or agency with the correct label.
A)Consumer Reports

A)Consumer advocacy publication B)Consumer protection agency C)Competition regulator

Which of these inspires consumer confidence, increases purchases, and speeds up the flow of investment and wages in the circular flow of the free-market system?

consumer-protection regulations

Which of these gives companies an anticompetitive impulse?

the profit motive

What unfair business practice do cartels use?

price fixing

Match each unfair business practice with an example of its use.
A)Predatory pricing
B)Making misleading statements
C)Price fixing

C) A group of music companies agrees to charge $20 for CDs A)A large furniture maker charges a price below production cost in order to eliminate small competitors. B)A coffee maker falsely claims that its drinks reduce the incidence of heart attacks.

What is one benefit of consumer-protection regulations?

greater consumer confidence

What is one way that consumer-advocacy groups help protect consumers?

by providing product information

Match each type of restriction with one of its effects.
A)Trade restrictions
B)Labor laws
C)Banking regulations

C)Stability B)Regulation of union activities A)Higher prices for consumers

What is one economic effect of environmental- protection laws?

higher prices for consumers

Which of these is an example of a land-use law?

a town zones an area for residental buildings only

Compulsory education restricts whose freedom?


Freedom of expression is limited by what?


Country A would have absolute advantage over Country B in the production of computers under what circumstance?

companies in Country A can produce computers at a lower cost

Why don’t many developing countries benefit from the spread of free trade?

they have weak domestic industries

Why do central banks play an important role in the global economy?

they set each country’s monetary policies

Why do protective tariffs lead to reduced international trade?

protective tariffs increase the price of goods and limit the sale of those goods

How does the WTO promote global free trade?

by creating multilateral trade agreements

Why has globalization led to some job loss in the US?

labor costs are lower in other countries

Match each international organization with its purpose.

A)Bank for international settlements (BIS)
B)International Monetary Fund (IMF)
C)World Bank
D)World Trade Organization(WTO)

Reduce poverty
Promote free trade
Create financial stability
Prevent economic crises


Match each practice with an example of its use.

C)Trade Sanctions

The IMF requires a loan recipient to privatize its oil industry.
Japan imposes a 100% tariff on cars coming from Europe and the US
Consumers refuse to buy goods from companies that use child labor
A US car company begins making certain car parts in Bangladesh


How has globalization contributed to the recent increase of international terrorism?

the downsides of globalization affect many people who often feel they have nowhere to turn other than violence

What does the World Bank hope will result from loans it makes to developing countries?

an improved climate for foreign investment

The global economy can have specialized production because of what?

the international division of labor

Match each type of country with one of its central features.

D)New Globalizer

High level of productive capacity
Low levels of industrial capacity
High levels of foreign investment
Low standard of living


Why has globalization led to an increasing income gap between rich and poor countries?

countries with well-established infrastructure and productive capacities have more competitive industries

What is the PRIMARY reason that globalization leads to greater global pollution?

environmental protection is expensive, and reduces a company’s competitiveness in the global market

Country X would have a comparative advantage in the production of cotton under what circumstance?

Country X didn’t have to give up a more profitable form of production in order to grow cotton

What is one reason why some people are critical of globalization?

it leads to increased damage to the environment

How has globalization helped work against human rights violations around the world?

Improved global communications brings these abuses to the world’s attention

Why does interdependence bring economic growth?

interdependence enables specialized production, which is more efficient

What was the result of developed countries extracting resources from their colonies?

there was a one-way flow of wealth favoring the colonizers

Why does globalization give countries an incentive to reduce wages for their workers?

lower production costs help lure foreign investment

What has been the main drawback of globalization in the US?

wage reductions

Why does the IMF impose conditions on its loans?

to help manage the economies of struggling countries

When an insurance policy covers replacement value, a loss results in a settlement that pays for what?

brand new items to replace the items lost

What does liability insurance cover?

the medical and car repair bills for anyone else involved in an accident you caused

Economists measure the personal satisfaction someone gets from consuming goods and services with the concept of what?


Which of the following are techniques that companies use to influence consumer demand for their goods and services? Check all that apply.

creating images of consumption on popular TV shows, getting people in movies to use their products, turning luxuries into necessities

Which of the following best states the purpose of branding?

to associate a specific product with quality and popularity

Which of the following describes a situation in which the price of a good would fall?

a new technology allows producers to increase supply very quickly

Which of the following is the best example of a fungible good?


Which of the following best explains why goals are necessary for making allocation decisions?

the available resources cannot be used to pursue every goal that each individual has

Economics is about allocating resources to produce and distribute which of the following?

goods and services

Which of the following is an example of an allocation decision?

coal is set aside to burn as heating fuel

The internet enables people to make better economic decision because they can do which of the following?

get the information that is necessary for making good choices

Which of the following goals does the government pursue in a socialist economic system?


Which of the following must be a feature of an activity for it to be a game?

a set of rules

Which of the following economic indicators would be useful for figuring out whether the economy is growing quickly or slowly?


Which of the following best explains why resources need to be allocated in the game of economics?

there aren’t enough resources to produce all of the goods and services that everyone wants

Which of the following is another term for a planned economy?

socialist system

Which of the following is one of the benefits e-commerce brings to consumers?

shipping gifts is easy

Because calculations of cost and benefit are subjective, they can be described as which of the following?

vary from one person to another

Which of the following describes a situation where the goal of security is being pursued?

the government establishes a retirement program for its citizens

Which of the following is not an economic goal?


Which of the following describes the purpose of doing a cost-benefit analysis?

to make a decision that maximizes benefits

Which of the following results from the fact that costs and benefits are based on personal preferences?

both monetary and non-monetary factors are taken into account

Which of the following best explains why the government makes and enforces laws in a free-market system?

laws against theft, fraud, and coercion are needed to protect free choice

The gross domestic product would increase significantly if which of the following occurred?

consumption doubled

Which of the following questions must be answered in order to turn resources into products?

how should production be organized

A country’s economy is stagnating when the GDP is doing which of the following?

neither rising nor falling

Technological advancement can come from improved devices or new what?


Match the technological improvement with the benefit it brings.
A)Hub-and-spoke network
B)Mobile telephone

_____more efficient distribution

_____improved communication

_____faster transportation


E-commerce is an online form of which of the following?

retail sales

Consumers directly benefit from greater productivity because of which of the following?

goods and services are produced faster and can be sold more cheaply

Because the choices of consumers influence producers and the choices of producers also influence consumers, the free-market system has which of the following?

a circular flow of influences

Match the descriptions of different economic systems with their correct name.
A)an economic system run by the government
B)an economic system that uses both free-market and command principles
C)an economic system where decisions are made by producers and consumers

____mixed economy
____free-market economy
____planned economy


Which of the following is a reason why peer pressure influences consumers?

people often compare themselves to others

Which of the following best describes how consumers let producers know what they want to buy and how much they’re willing to pay?

the purchases consumers make indicate their desires to producers

In the game of economics,which player has the role of providing goods and services?


Which of the following statements best explains why producers conduct market research?

knowing what consumers want helps producers make more money

Which of the following helps producers figure out what consumers want?

market research

Match the role and the example.

____factory owner
____auto mechanic
____car owner


Which of the following is necessary for hiring workers and organizing production?


A)peer pressure

____choosing a red/black sweater because they’re school colors
____buying a sweater after winter is over because of a clearance sale
____wearing a Santa Claus sweater because Christmas is approaching


In Economics,workers are both producers and which of the following?


In the game of economics, producers get the information they need to determine how much people are willing to pay for a good or service from which of the following?


Which of the following best describes the main purpose of a budget?

to plan income and expenses

Which of the following best explains the main purpose of short-term planning?

to meet fixed expenses and allow for discretionary spending

Which of the following does culture contribute to the preferences and behaviors of consumers?

values and beliefs

Which of the following best explains why considering opportunity costs is a rational thing for consumers to do?

what you sacrifice for a decision is one of the non-monetary costs of many choices

Which of the following best describes the purpose of a budget?

to plan income and expenses

Which of the following is an essential part of making a rational choice?

doing cost-benefit analysis

Advertising is the main source of revenue for which of the following?

media companies

Consumers influence the decisions of producers in which of the following ways?

through the purchasing decisions they make

Which of the following is the market structure of the media industry?


Which of the following best demonstrates how successful Google has been at establishing a well-known brand?

the word google has been added to the dictionary

Which of the following is measured by utility?

the satisfaction a person gets from consumption

Budgeting helps consumers reach their financial goals by helping them to do which of the following?

keeps their expenses below their income

Which of the following business types is most likely to use the bricks and clicks business model?

clothing sellers

Which of the following statements best explains why some people get life insurance and others don’t?

different people are willing to face different kinds of risks

Which of the following best states the main difference between a monopoly and an oligopoly?

oligopolies involve more than one company while monopolies involve only one

Which of the following statements best exaplins the purpose of market research?

market research helps producers earn more profits

The purpose of branding is to do which of the following?

create a positive association

Which of the following generates revenue for google?

sale of advertisements

Which of the following explains why companies spend money on advertising?

companies want to influence consumer behavior through advertising

A corporation gives out its profits as dividends paid to its ________.


Google’s business model is the most similar to that used by companies in which industry?


Which of the following best states the main difference between a monopoly and pure competition?

a monopoly involves no competition at all while pure competition involves a high level of competition

In a free-market system, the profit motive motivates producers to do which of the following?

minimize cost and maximize revenue

Which of the following best explains why some people consider it foolish to gamble while other people like to gamble?

gambling involves too much risk for some people

Which of the following best explains why the media is characterized by an oligopolistic market structure?

centralization of ownership has led to an industry controlled by a few large companies

Which of the following actions provides the most help for making a rational choice?

engaging in finacial planning

Which of the following is one important difference between a general partnership and a limited partnership?

every partner in a general partnership is fully responsible for the business debts

Which of the following is an advantage corporations enjoy over partnerships?

the owners of a corporation don’t have to work together to make all of the business decisions

Because of the unlimited liability of all partners, a general partnership most closely resembles which other business type?

sole proprietorship

Match each business model with the advantage it brings.
B)bait and hook
C)cutting out the middleman

____attractive prices for basic product
____steady revenue and predictable profits
____reduction in transaction costs and processing time


The way a company does business is driven by which of the following?

its business model

Which of the following is an advantage of partnerships over sole proprietorships?

partnerships generally have more money to invest in starting or expanding a business

Which of the following distinguishes Google’s business model from most other businesses?

its relaxed corporate culture

The business decisions of a corporation are made by whom?

a board of directors

Match each type of business with its purpose
A)Sole proprietorship
B)Public corporation
C)Non-profit corporation

____to benefit a special cause
____to make dividends for its stockholders
____to make profit for its owner


The Google business model is driven by the sale of which of the following?


The owner of a sole proprietorship has _______ liability.


Country A would hve absolute advantage over Country B in the production of computers under what circumstance?

companies in Country A can produce computers at a lower cost

What is the purpose of a checkbook register?

to keep track of the amount of money in your checking account

Banks pay their customers interest on the money in their accounts or what reason?

that money earns interest when the bank loans it out

Put the steps in the corrct order to show how a budget is made.

1)calculate income 2)total up spending 3)categorize expenses 4)determine if spending is below income 5)reduce expenses in flexible categories to save or increase savings

Why is a checking account more convenient than a savings account?

it’s easier to spend the money in a checking account

How do flexible expenses differ from fixed expenses?

flexible expenses vary over time

The purpose of a budget is to do what?

make sure expenses are below income

Match each of the fees associated with a checking account with the way to avoid paying them.
a)minimum balance fee
b)ATM fee
c)teller fee
d)n.s.f. fee

____don’t use bank machines at banks other than your own
____make sure your checking account has enough money in it to avoid falling below a certain level
____don’t go into a bank and get personal service from a bank employee
____make sure there’s enough money in the account to cover all checks written


Which of these can most easily be removed from a budget if spending is higher than income?

discretionary spending

How are credit unions similar to banks?

they both give out loans

Once all necessary expenses have been removed from your budget, what can you do if your expenses still exceed your income?

work overtime or get another job

Match each of these credit card terms with its correct description.
a)annual percentage rate
b)grace period
c)balance transfer
d)credit report

_____number of days to run a balance before fees or interest are charged
____the amount of interest charged on unpaid balances
____a listing of a person’s financial information and history
____the movement of money owed on one credit card to another credit card


Match each fee below with the situation where a credit card would get charged.
a)balance transfer fee
b)cash advance fee
c)late payment fee
d)overlimit fee

____you use a new credit card to pay off the $2,000 you owe on another credit card
____you charged $800 on a credit card that has a $500 spending cap
____you use your credit card to take out $200 in cash from an ATM
____you forget to send in your minimum monthly payment one month


Which of these describes how a fixed-rate mortgage works?

the monthly payment on a fixed-rate mortgage never changes

What is one of the advantages of getting a government-sponsored mortgage instead of a conventional mortgage?

government mortgages charge lower interest rates than conventional mortgages

Why is it important to maintain a good credit history?

so that they have an easier time getting loans and credit cards

Which of these credit card features would be best for customers who think they might not be able to pay their balance at the end of each month?

a low annual percentage rate

Which of these provides a bank with collateral on a car loan?

the car itself

Which of these makes a student loan different from other tyeps of loans?

students don’t have to provide any collateral to get a student loan

What does leasing a car involve?

renting the car for a specific period of time and paying for its depreciation

What is one advantage of using a credit card to make purchases?

you can buy something now and pay for it later

Small-claims court is a place for which of the following?

people to resolve financial differences

Match each retail term with the correct definition.
a)store credit
b)brand name

____money that can be used to make purchases only at a particular store
____particular company associated with a product
____pay earned by salespeople for making sales
____a guarantee of return or service


Why should consumers look for products that have a warranty?

it protects them in case the product is defective

How has the internet helped boycotters?

it enables boycotters to organize and publicize their activities more easily

How can the government promote socially responsible production?

by passing environmental-protection regulations

Which of these is a renewable resource?


Consumers can use lobbying to accomplish what?

to get the government to pass new laws

Which of these is a procedure that quantifies the personal value of a purchase?

the purchase price is calculated as a certain number of working hours

Socially responsible consumers prefer to buy from companies that use what?

renewable resources

How can the news media help protect consumers?

by investigating and exposing bad products and business practices

Why do some auto insurance customers want medical coverage for their policies?

to avoid having to pay for hospital bills resulting from an accident they cause

Which of these describes the costs and benefits of getting a mortgage?

mortgages enable people to buy houses but result in large interest payments

Why does attending college involve an opportunity cost?

the money spent on tuition cannot be invested in another way

Why do consumers have influence over politicians?

politicians rely on the votes of consumers to keep them in office

Which of these is an example of luxury spending?


Because subjective decisions are based on a person’s unique values and beliefs, economic decisions ________________________.

vary from person to person

Which of these credit card features would be best for customers who want to pay off the balance on a high- interest credit card?

low fees for balance transfers

What do banks pay to their savings account customers?


What makes a checking account more convenient than a savings account?

you can spend your money without having to withdraw cash first

A boycott would not be successful under what circumstance?

most consumers didn’t stay away from the company

What makes a credit card more convenient than a debit card?

it can be used to buy things without immediate payment

What does a lease outline?

obligations of renters and landlords

Match each type of insurance with a situation in which it would be useful.

a)life insurance
b)renter’s insurance
c)disability insurance
d)liability insurance

____when you cause a car accident that injures other people
____when you have to take a month off from work because of an injury or illness
____when your personal possessions are stolen from your apartment
____when you want to provide for your family after you die


What provides collateral to receive a car loan?

the car

Which of these shows how a loan is paid by listing the principle and interest associated with each payment?

an amortization table

What’s the main reason to use a personal budget?

to stay out of debt

What is the grace period on a credit card?

the number of days the customer can wait to pay for purchases without being charged interest

Under what circumstances do people have to make a co-pay?

when they go to a doctor because of an illness

Which of these makes it easier for a person to get a credit card?

a good credit history

Which of the following does not protect consumers?

a boycott

What is most similar to a brand-name product?

a generic product

Why might a company respond to a letter-writing campaign launched by a group of concerned consumers?

the letters contain a veiled threat that economic pressure could follow

Which of these would a socially responsible company use?

renewable resources

Match each fee or payment with the type of account or insurance it’s associated with.
a)non-sufficient funds fee
b)cash advance fee
d)interest payment

____health insurance
____credit card
____checking account


Put the steps in order to show how budget is made.

1)calculate income 2)write down expenses 3)compare expenses and income 4)reduce expenses if necessary

Match each company, organization, or agency with the correct label.
a)consumer reports

____consumer advocacy publication
____consumer protection agency
____competition regulator


Which of these gives companies an anti competitive impulse?

the profit motive

What does the enforcement of antitrust laws do?

speeds up the flow of capital and wages

Match each good with the type of goods it represents.
a)health care
b)clean air
c)stock investments

____individual good
____merit good
____public good


Why does the free-market system require government regulation?

producers are driven by the profit motive to work against competition

What does price fixing involve?

a group of companies agreeing on a particular price to charge for their products

The government might enact a price floor in order to accomplish what?

protect producers

Match each role with the action performed by people playing that role.

____provide individual goods
____provide public goods
____provide labor and investment


Sort the statements below into the correct order in which the federal budget is prepared.

1)the president writes a preliminary budget proposal 2)congress decides on the details of the budget 3)the president signs spending bills into law

What is the purpose of freezing someone’s assets?

to reduce crime

Why does the government need to collect taxes?

to ensure competition and protect consumers

Match each type of restriction with an example of its use.
A)sales tax
B)excise tax
C)property tax

____requiring that money laundering be reported
____charging a 70% tariff on imported steel
____requiring unions to give 60 days notice before going on strike


Match each type of tax with an example of its use.

A)sales tax
B)excise tax
C)property tax

____7% charged on the purpose of all non-necessary goods
____1% charged on the value of all residential houses
____$2.00 tax charged on each pack of cigarettes


Which merit good does the US government provide through a payroll tax?

health care

Government corporations can be described as which of the following?

independently run

Which of these is an example of a trade restriction?

a tariff on imported cars

Environmental-protection laws limit what?

the exploitation of natural resources

Environmental-protection laws can be bad for the economy because they may do what?

increase unemployment

Politicians approve pork barrel spending for what purpose?

to win political support

Why do government regulations lead to higher prices for consumers?

producers pass along the costs of compliance

Match each current trend with one of its economic effects.

A)improved communication
B)trade liberalization
C)infrastructure development

____facilitates less expensive international trade
____provides an incentive for countries to export more goods
____increases productivity and lowers prices
____makes it easier for international businesses to operate efficiently


Choose the pair of phrases that correctly completes this sentence: taxes are charged ________ while tariffs are charged _______.

internally;on imports

What is the reasoning behind forcing people to pay taxes in a free-market economy?

to provide revenues for government programs needed to protect the free market

What is the difference between an income tax and a payroll tax?

income taxes are used for a wide variety of government activities while payroll taxes pay for specific programs

What is the effect of an import tariff charged on a particular good?

the price paid by consumers is increased

Which of the following best explains why Amazon can sell books more cheaply than local bookstores?

amazon is able to buy all or most of the books printed by a publisher

Which of the following comes after a period of recovery in the business cycle?

a boom

Which of the following is one of the main factors driving prices for goods and services upward?

production costs increase so that producers need to charge more to make a profit

Which of the following best explains why a large company can undersell small retailers?

large companies can negotiate better prices with wholesalers

Which of the following best explains the standard of living?

how much an average person can afford to buy

Which of the following is an exogenous factor that affects the business cycle?

natural disasters

Which of the following best describes the economic effect that results when the government increases interest rates and restricts the lending of money?

borrowing money becomes more expensive and there is less investment in production

Which of the following best explains how trade enables greater specialization among producers?

trade allows people to focus on on kind of production and trade for their other needs

Which of the following best explains the purpose of protectionist trade policies such as tariffs and subsidies?

they allow producers to sell their products more cheaply than foreign competitors

Match effect with cause
A)resources can be moved where they’re needed
B)workers have an incentive to improve their skills
C)wasted movements are eliminated

____ specialization
____ trade


Which of the following is one of the major factors determining the level of wages?

the law of supply and demand

Which of the following was not an economic effect of colonization?

global economic development

When does one country have a comparative advantage over another country?

when the opportunity cost of its production is lower

Match each of the items below with its definition.
A)absolute advantage
B)comparative advantage

____ the ability to produce more cheaply
____ the existence of lower opportunity costs than competitors
____the performance of a particular productive task within an economic system
____ the existence of barriers to free-flowing trade


Which of the following does not promote increased international trade and economic growth?

high tariffs

Match each current trend with the advantage it provides for the global economy.

A)improved communication
B)reduction of trade barriers
C)development of infrastructure

____ facilitates international business and trade
____ allows for a greater mobility of goods and labor
____ enables economic growth in developing countries
____ reduces production and transportation costs


Which of these is required for specialization to take place?

a division of labor

What limits specialization in the global economy?

trade barriers

The increasing interconnectedness of peoples and countries around the world is known as what?


What is one of the downsides of increasing economic interdependence?

loss of control over the national economy

Which of the following accurately describes a shortage?

consumer demand for a certain car is greater than the number of cars that can be produced

Which of the following gives people access to both high-paying jobs and more living space?

the suburbs

Which of the following results from the fact that housing is expensive and time-consuming to build?

the supply of housing is inelastic

Immigration can result in a general decrease in wages because it does which of the following?

increases the supply of labor

Which of the following is a trait of public goods?


Which of the following housing decisions provides a person with both housing and an investment?

buying a single-family home

Which of the following is the cause of demand-pull inflation?

consumers want more and more goods and services

Which of the following actions can a union take to get an employer to submit to collective bargaining?

call a strike

Which of the following best explains why unions give workers more power in contract negotiations?

employers can’t fine an entire union because of the difficulty of replacing every worker

What happens when unemployment increases during a recession?

the recession worsens into a depression

When either prices go down or income goes up, there is an increase in which of the following?

the standard of living

Match each type of policy with the example that best fits its definition.
A)protectionist policy
B)fiscal policy
C)monetary policy

____ a high tax on cars imported from other countries
____ reduced taxes on corporate profits
____ increased interest rates on loans


Which of the following is located at the point where the supply and demand curves intersect?

the equilibrium price

A factory laying off a lot of workers in a town is most likely to lead to which of the following?

a buyer’s market

The selling price of houses would be most likely to decrease if there were first a decrease in which of the following?

construction worker’s wages

Which of the following best describes the effect of a tariff on the import of cars from a foreign country?

foreign cars become more expensive

In which of the following situations would the price of a good be most likely to increase?

an increase in production costs results from a rise in wages

Which of the following results from a large company’s ability to take advantage of economies of scale?

the company can offer goods more cheaply than smaller retailers

What is the most direct result of free trade supplying productive resources to areas where they’re most needed?

enhanced efficiency

Which of the following occurs when someone buys a third winter coat?

decreasing marginal utility

Which of the following accurately describes a situation in which consumers have elastic demand?

people give up eating pasta and bread because they want to lose weight

Which of the following best explains one of the restrictions on producers that keeps the labor market from being a completely free market?

workers don’t always have the education required to perform certain jobs

Which of the following is an example of a fiscal policy?

raising taxes in order to cover a budget deficit

Which of the following results of globalization has led to wage cuts for workers in the U.S.?


Which of the following best explains what happens when a currency is pegged to the U.S. dollar?

the value of the pegged currency goes up and down depending on the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar

Order the bond types below from lowest to highest risk of default
Corporate bonds
Junk Bonds
US treasury bonds

US treasury bonds, corporate bonds, junk bonds

Which of the following best explains what happens in the currency exchange market?

money is bought and sold using other types of money

Which of the following best explains what happens when currency traders buy on margin?

they borrow money from their broker in order to make a larger currency purchase

When a market is volatile, it is described by which of the following?

changes quickly and to great extremes

Which of the following is not a commodity?

corn dogs

Which of the following best explains what a forward contract is?

a contract to deliver a particular commodity to a buyer sometime in the future

Which of the following best explains why a bondholder is similar to a bank?

bondholders loan money to bond issuers just as banks loan money to customers

Which of the following best describes why banks aren’t allowed to loan out all of their deposits at once?

if banks loaned out all of their deposits, it would be impossible to meet customer’s demands for withdrawals

Which of the following most accurately explains why fiat money has no value in itself?

fiat money has only a single use as a medium of exchange

Which of the following accurately describes how lowering the required reserve ratio increases the money supply?

when the required reserve ratio is lowered, banks can loan out more money

Which of the following best explains why the money supply is decreased when the government issues bonds?

the purchase of bonds reduces the bond buyer’s bank accounts

Which of the following accurately explains what an exchange rate of 1:20 between the Canadian dollar and Japanese yen means?

it takes only one Canadian dollar to buy twenty Japanese yen

Which of the following best describes the most likely effect of the Fed lowering the discount rate on overnight loans?

an increase in the money supply

A company that wanted to increase its capital through debt financing could trade in which of the following markets?

bond market

Which of the following accurately describes socially responsible investing?

when investors buy into companies with ethical practices they support

Technical analysis of the stock market focuses on which of the following?

overall trends in the market

A business is unlikely to be able to secure a bank loan to fund its operations without which of the following?

a stable operating history

Because venture capitalists (VCs) are usually looking for high returns in a short period of time, startup companies that wish to secure venture capital funding need to do which of the following?

present the VC with an exit strategy

Which of the following best explains how bondholders and banks serve a similar function?

they are both holders of someone else’s debt

Which of the following accurately explains the difference between the stock market and the commodity market?

Ownership in companies is traded in the stock market while ownership of raw, unprocessed goods is traded in the commodity market

Before the development of money as a medium, goods and services were exchanged through a ________ system.


Buying on margin involves what?

traders borrowing money from their brokers

Which of the following describes a condition that is least favorable for conducting an IPO?

a recession

Which of the following is an example of a businessman making an investment?

he contributes money to a partnership

Put the items below into the correct order to show the process by which individuals have their federal income tax collected.
1)tax return filing
2)tax payment or refund
3)paycheck withholding

paycheck withholding, tax return filing, tax payment or refund

Which of these is an example of tax on wealth?

real estate tax

What are Normal Trade Relations?

a treaty to create favorable trade terms between two nations

What’s the purpose of income tax brackets?

to enable the progressive taxation of income

Taxes are charged __________ while tariffs are charged ________ ____________.

internally; on imports

Why must public goods be provided by the government instead of the free market?

public goods are non-excludable, so they suffer from a free-rider problem

What does "pork barrel" spending achieve?

it helps politicians win support from their voters

What does a budget reveal about a government?

its financial priorities and goals

What makes government contracts unique?

they create obligations normally applied to government agencies

What is one way that the government cannot prevent a budget deficit?

selling stocks

Who has to approve the budget of the U.S. government?


What is one difference between government agencies and government contractors?

government agencies are in the public sector while government contractors are in the private sector

Match each sample good with the type of good it represents.

____individual good
____ merit good
____ public good


Match each organization with its correct relationship to the government.
A)securities and exchange commission (SEC)
C)Lockheed Martin

____ government corporation
____ government contractor
____ government agency


Put the following steps into the correct order, from start to finish, to show how the budget of the federal government is created.
1)Congress decides on the overall level of spending and taxation and passes specific spending bills.
2)The president signs the spending bill into law
3)The Office Of Management (OMB) prepares a preliminary budget proposal for the president
4)The president finalizes the budget proposal and submits it to Congress


What is done with the costs of complying with consumer- protection regulations?

eventually passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices

Match each type of government action with its purpose.
B)antitrust laws

____ to control the population
____ to collect revenue
____to protect competition


Share This

More flashcards like this

NCLEX 10000 Integumentary Disorders

When assessing a client with partial-thickness burns over 60% of the body, which finding should the nurse report immediately? a) ...

Read more


A client with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) tells the nurse, "Sometimes I feel so frustrated. I can’t do anything without ...

Read more

NASM Flashcards

Which of the following is the process of getting oxygen from the environment to the tissues of the body? Diffusion ...

Read more

Unfinished tasks keep piling up?

Let us complete them for you. Quickly and professionally.

Check Price

Successful message