Americans at War

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Winston Churchill’s reaction to the 1938 Munich Agreement was

to warn Neville Chamberlain that war was inevitable.

Japanese aggression toward China and Russia in the 1930s is most closely related to the concept of


At the time of Hitler’s 1939 invasion of Poland, the US had a policy of


What prompted the Munich Conference of 1938?

Hitler’s intention to take control of part of Czechoslovakia

How did the Munich Agreement affect Germany’s actions in the Czech region of the Sudetenland?

It led Germany to invade and occupy the rest of Czechoslovakia.

Which of the following was Germany permitted to keep under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?

a standing army

Shortly after the Munich Agreement gave Germany the Sudetenland, Hilter invaded


Which of the following best describes the aftermath of the 1938 Munich Agreement?

Hitler had the confidence to launch further invasions of European countries.

During the 1930s the United States followed a foreign policy of isolationism. Which is the best example of that policy?

avoiding alliances with other nations

How did the Destroyers for Bases agreement of 1940 help Britain?

It helped Britain maintain its vital supply lines.

Which of the following was a reason the US adopted a policy of isolationism before World War II?

the large number of American casualties in World War I

Passage of the Lend-Lease Act in 1941 signaled

the end of American neutrality in World War II.

Why did the 1939 cash-and-carry amendment to the Neutrality Acts favor Britain over Germany?

Britain had a larger fleet of ships to carry arms than Germany.

A reason the Neutrality Acts were revised to allow cash-and-carry in the 1930s was

because fascism was gaining ground in Europe.

What did the Prime Minister of Great Britain speak to Congress about in 1941?

boosting wartime production for the Allies

How did the Gross National Product (GNP) of the US change between 1940 and 1944?

It more than doubled.

What impact did the US development of the atomic bomb have on World War II?

After the US dropped atomic bombs on two major cities in Japan, Japan surrendered.

The US was called the Arsenal of Democracy because

It provided supplies for the Allied war effort, not just the US effort.

How did the US computer ENIAC help the war effort?

It did complex calculations needed to accurately fire artillery.

What was an effect of the US increase in production during World War II?

It gave the Allies the advantage to win the war

Which of the following best describes the state of the US economy in 1939?

The US economy was in a depression.

What did President Roosevelt do to help minorities during World War II?

He banned discrimination in government hiring.

What types of military jobs did women take in World War II?

air traffic controller jobs

Propaganda posters painted an unrealistic picture of war because they showed

only happy people, not people suffering or dying

A reason that some goods were scarce during World War II was that the war

cut off access to certain resources.

How did braceros help the war effort?

They helped meet labor shortages for industry.

How did entertainers affect the government’s World War II propaganda campaign?

They promoted enlistment and other patriotic activities.

US war bonds helped the war effort by

loaning money to the government.

Gasoline was rationed during World War II because

it was in short supply.

Which of the following best describes the Nisei 442nd Regimental Combat Team?

It consisted mostly of Japanese immigrants.

How did President Truman’s Executive Order 9981 show progress toward racial equality?

The order ended segregation in the military.

Which of the following best describes what World War II internees faced when they returned home?

property damage and discrimination

During World War II, the US government sent people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps based on

whether they lived in an exclusion zone.

During World War II, how did the policy of internment affect people of Japanese descent in the United States?

They were forced to relocate to assembly centers.

Which of the following best describes one reason that thousands of Japanese Americans voluntarily joined the US military during World War II?

to show their loyalty to the US

Fred Korematsu argued that internment was unconstitutional mainly because internees

did not receive due process.

How did America’s involvement in World War II impact race relations in the military?

Individuals of different backgrounds made significant contributions to the war effort, which encouraged racial integration in the military.

A negative economic effect of World War II was

huge losses in agriculture.

Which of the following events occurred in May 1945?

the German surrender

As they moved toward their final military targets in World War II, Allied troops

discovered Nazi concentration camps.

After World War II, why did the Soviet Union take over a number of countries to its west?

to create a buffer zone between itself and the Western powers

The international peacekeeping organization formed directly after World War II was called

the United Nations.

During World War II, the last attempt by the Germans to stop the Allied advance on the western front took place

at the Battle of the Bulge.

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