1.1 Line, Shape, and the Principle of Contrast

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The elements of art form the basic_________of art


The principles of design are a kind of ________ that artists apply to the elements of art.


A flat work of art has two dimensions: ________ and width.


The dark printed words on the page of a book are easily read because they are printed on a light ground. This is an example of the principle of ________.


One definition of this element is "a mark that connects two points."


The line that defines the edge of a shape is called the ________.


The lines that create the image of the Nazca Spider "drawing" define the ________ of a ________.


The artist Dosio, in his drawing of the Church of Saint Spirito, created an impression of three dimensions by using line to show the division between ________.


In his drawing of the Church of Saint Spirito, Dosio used line to accentuate the patterned surface of the ceiling and differentiate it from the ________.


In the illustration from the manga Tsubasa RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE, the artists used diagonal
lines to create a strong sense of ________.


Pick the three words that would best describe a regular line.

Controlled, Cool-headed, Geometric

Mel Bochner used ________ line in the work Vertigo because it is controlled and measured.


In a 1941 drawing the British artist Barbara Hepworth used line to plan a ________.


Three words that can describe irregular line are:

Loose, Wild, Chaotic

The French artist André Masson wished to explore the psychological source of creativity through his "automatic" ink drawings of ________ lines.


The scribbled appearance of Jean Dubuffet’s Suite avec 7 Personnages characterizes it as a drawing that exhibits ________.

Irregular line

A line that is a continuous mark is ________.

an Actual Line

A line that gives viewers the impression that they are seeing a line where there is not a continuous mark is ________.

implied line

Some Jewish texts create images using this kind of line made up of small letters.

Implied Line

The Dutch design team Sauerkids used ________ lines of dots and dashes in its work to create exciting visual rhythms.


By orienting lines so that they attract attention to a specific area of a work of art the artist is using ________.

Directional Lines

In James Allen’s etching The Connectors, an image of workers erecting the Empire State Building, the artist created a feeling of great height by using ________ line to lead the viewer’s eye diagonally downward.


In Francisco Goya’s The Third of May, 1808, the artist used a variety of actual and implied lines to attract attention to specific points within the composition. Lines that draw the viewer’s attention in this way are known as ________ lines.


If vertical lines communicate strength, horizontals calm, and diagonals action, then a vacation resort might want to choose a logo consisting of ________ lines in order to show peaceful repose.


The combination of jarring vertical and diagonal lines in Vincent van Gogh’s The Bedroom creates an atmosphere of ________.


Contour line defines the outer edge or profile of an object, and can be used to suggest a volume in space.


Henri Matisse drew Woman Seated in an Armchair using ________ line so that he could represent her figure with great economy while being descriptive.


In Pablo Picasso’s Blonde Woman in Profile, the artist uses a ________ line that follows the contours of the model’s profile.


A shape made of perfectly straight lines would probably be classified as ________ shape.

A geometric

This type of shape is composed of unpredictable, irregular lines.


Miriam Schapiro’s collage Baby Blocks combines two different kinds of shape. ________ is the term used to describe a shape that suggests the natural world, while the term geometric suggests mathematical regularity.


The sphere that designer Saul Bass created for the AT&T logo is not defined by a continuous boundary. This type of shape, which can be suggested by dots or lines that do not connect, is termed ________ shape.

An implied

A shape on a flat picture surface that is defined by surrounding empty space is known as ________ shape.

a positive

An empty space defined by its surround is known as ________ shape.

a negative

In his Obey campaign poster Shepard Fairey used a striking contrast between positive and ________ shapes to attract the attention of the public.


In her painting Music—Pink and Blue II, Georgia O’Keeffe emphasized the blue ________ space order to attract the viewer’s attention into a deep interior.


In a two-dimensional work, when the figure becomes the background and the background becomes the figure, we perceive ________.

a figure-ground reversal

The positive and negative shapes in M. C. Escher’s print Sky and Water I balance each other and are an example of ________.

figure-ground reversal

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