The “House of the Faun” is located on the northern side of Via Della Fortuna. The building is named after the dancing faun statue that that found where the building is located. The building serves as the best illustration of the results of the structures of fusion architectural models that were used in structuring the atrium and the Hellenistic peristyle residence. The entire building inhabits the total insula. It was built using the earlier 3rd-century form through the utilization of the hiatus and using the first peristyle form. The structure of the house was constructed in two different phases in 1830. The initial stages date to the beginning of the second century BC which includes the original peristyle. The second stages occurred during the ending of the 2nd century BC. The construction of the structure included the use of the peristyle while the final size was being established.
Historical Context of the Building
At the front of the principal entrance is the word HAVE that means welcome. The name is spelled out at the footway with some fragments of the colored marble. Some small vestibule openings are on the faucets especially on the pictures right where it is richly decorated with the floor consisting of some small triangular pieces that consist of colored slate and marble (Christensen 2017, 121). From the inner edge that is separate from the floor, there is an atrium that has strips of some finely executed mosaics that is now available in the Naples Museum. The Naples Museum contains some separate tragic masks in the midst of garlands, fruits, and flowers.
Figure 1 The figure represents the tragic masks that are amidst the garlands, fruits and the flowers
Physical Context of Faun Building
The Floor Plot of The House
The “House of the Faun” demonstrates some enormity that shelters an extent of about 30,000 four-sided feet. The proportions of the floor plan are easily compared to the eastern side of Hellenistic fortresses. Alexis Christensen contends that the house is considered through an imitation of a palace that is found on Delos. The image of the floor plan was initially published By a German archeologist known as August Mau in the year 1902. The information is however out of date in particular through the reference of the documentation of a determination of tiny rooms. It, however, shows some first flashy bits of building two of them being the peristyles. The Roman atrium, for instance, is a four-sided open-air crown court that paves the interior of the basin for catching the rainwater referred to as the impluvium. The two areas contain some interior basins that are at the front of the building where there is the “Dancing Faun” hat offers the House with some Fauns that are named at the Upper area (Greenhill and Josie 2016, 76). The peristyle is a great opening that is surrounded by various columns. Some of the openings are large with columns. The tremendous opportunities have spaces that are set at the back of the house.
The Entry Mosaic
The entry of the house is built using the Mosaic form that is created as a welcome mat. It is well written as HAVE: this means “Hailing to you in Latin” (Christensen 2017, 90). The fact of mosaic is that it is written in Latin rather than using the Local language like Samnian or Oscan. The language is stimulating since if the archaeologists were accurate, then the dynasty would have been constructed before the Occupation of Pompeii from the Romans who are still a backwater of Samnian or Oscan town. The colonization of Pompeii is the context under the artistic pretension of the building. The mosaic could initially be after an establishment of the Roman gathering in about 80 BC (Vogel, Sebastian and Michael 2016, 25). This occurred after the barrier of the Roman Pompeii in 90 Before Christ through the ill-famed Lucius Cornelius Sulla (Greenhill and Josie 2016, 90). In a cultural context, Mary Beard, a scholar points out that there is a bit of the fun that is a comfortable house created in a Pompeii that uses the word “Have” on the welcome mat.
Figure 2 The figure represents the entry of the Mosaic through the pretension of the building
The Dancing Faun
The Dancing Faun serves the physical context of the home that is created using a bronze statue that offers the “House of the Faun” which gives it the name. The house is located in an area where it can be easily by individual who are peers in the foremost doorway of the household. The statue is set in “Tuscan” atrium that is stunned with a high coat of some ugly black filling at the midpoint of the blindingly white limestone impluvium where the basin collects some rainwater that is covered with some stained limestone and slates.
The House of Faun is built in a large rectangular form. The building consists of a dark shade if a floor that is paved using some small pieces of some dark slates. The slates from some valid contracts that have white edges of limestone. The center part of the wall is built using an impluvium that is covered with some colored pieces of marble. The atrium wall is decorated using the first style of shades that are yellow, red and blue with the lower side being black (Christensen 2017, 24). The upper zone appears to be white on the left side. The sides of the cubicula and the atrium at the rear sides have large windows on the north wall opening on the colonnade of the exterior aspect of the peristyle. The atrium walls of the are first decorated using the first style in yellow, red and blue shades that are above the lower and black frieze. On any side of the atrium, the cubicula have a rear tablinum that is open on some large triclinium where both have some large windows overlook the original peristyle that has some door openings on the colonnade. From one of the actual mosaic pictures, there is a demonstration of the image from the sitting panther.
The Alexander Mosaic is a reconstructed area that is seen from the “House of the Fauna currently.” The part was initially removed from the house floor of the Faun where it was placed at the Archeology Museum of the Naples. When it was originally discovered in the year 1830s, the Alexander Assortment was assumed to characterize the section of battle (Greenhill and Josie 2016, 25). The historians of the architecture, therefore, remain convinced that the mosaic is a representation of defeat for the last Achmaenid reign of the Sovereign who is the real ruler. The battle referred to as the Issus Battle occurred in 333 BC immediately before the construction of the House of Faun.
The Particulars of the Alexander Mosaic
The Mosaic style is used in the recreation of the historic fight of Great Alexander after defeating the Persians in the 333 BC. The battle is referred to as “Opus Vermiculatum.” The style of the worms can be made while using some tiny pieces that are colored on glass and stones that are referred to as “tesserae.” The set is worm-like in a row that is placed on a floor. The Alexander Mosaic uses some approximate tesserae. The mosaics from the “Household of the Faun” is found from the Archeological Museum of Naples that includes the Hen and Cat Mosaic. It is also included at the Dove Mosaic and the Tiger Mosaic.
From a personal perspective, the house of Fauna is a good example of an archeological site since it is the most expensive residence of the ancient Pompeii. The building is one of the most visited places today since it is an example of the well-known ruins that existed in earliest Roman urban on the Western Coastline of Italy. I also think that the house is a better example of the residence of the elite families during the ancient period. First, the House takes up the block of the entire city hence occupying about 3000 square meters with its interior (Vogel, Sebastian and Michael 2016, 76). The house is also remarkable since it marks some functional needs. For instance, it is a remembrance of the Extravagant mosaics that enclosed the floors while some remain still well stored. The others are still on exhibition at the Nationwide Museum of Naples. The house is, therefore, a remarkable tourist attraction site.
The structures, features, and items used in the construction process meet the ability of the construction and design of the building. While analysis the structure, for instance, I have learned various significant structures that were used in the building. First “The Faun” is a structure built from bronze. The Faun statue for which the structure is named from initially stands on some lips of the impluvium the statue has however been moved towards the center of the impluvium that is a projecting of features of the house (Greenhill and Josie 2016, 121). The Romans could connect the fauns to the pans and the Greek satyrs because they are quite alike in the mythology. The fauns were also attached to the Dionysus followers who are the Greek god of wine.
Figure 3 The figure of the statue built from bronze
Secondly, “The Alexander Mosaic” meets the functional needs of the structure because it replicates the Greek paintings that were made during the lifetime of Alexander. The “Alexander Mosaic” appears to be the most important artwork pieces that are within the household of Faun. The Alexander Assortment covers almost the entire floor of the recess of the façade house. The Mosaic is also a set of the Pompeii since it was made from some available materials than what was used in making the Floor. The house is also private because it demonstrates the people of Pompeii (Vogel, Sebastian and Michael 2016, 21). It also describes their daily life because it was different through the bathing amenities, the shop fronts and the slave quarters. The “Have Mosaic” have the function of acting as the welcome mat. They are an entry way of the dynasty of the Faun that is set at the pavement to greet the passersby and the visitors. Various scholars have the aspect that the archeologists find the house interesting through the local languages of the time. The Latin believe that the dynasty was initially built before the establishment of Roman of Pompeii while it was unmoving under the supervision of the Samnian and Oscan.
Figure 4 The “Have Mosaic” that has the function of acting as the welcome mat.
Finally, the Nile Mosaic is also a unique feature for the mosaic piece structure that is found in the house. The piece is a major significance because it reflects the influence of a sort of the Egyptian culture from the Roman.
“The House of the Faun” remains to be an historic structure. The room is quite opulent since it was discovered from the Pompeii till today. Most of the building was constructed in the first, second century BC. The peristyle originated from the vast open space that is probably a field or a garden. The columns of the peristyle were initially added later from one point that alters from the Doric style to the Ionic style. From the Greece for the Visitors Guide, there is an existence of some excellent articles that exist on different columns that are either Doric and Ionic. The peristyles measure about 20*25 meters. The peristyle consisted of bones for the dual cows that existed mainly after it was unearthed in the year 1830. From the northern side of the peristyle, there is an existence of the broad exedra that is fronted by some two columns that have a full width of windows at the rear that opens on the second peristyle. At the center of the two columns, there is the existence of an entrance that has some mosaic pictures of wild creatures that are the crocodile, the hippopotamus, and the ibis. The mosaic is the reproduction of the painting that is made of the lifetime existence of Alexander and after his death that is possibly by Eretria. The left side is a picture that is somehow preserved.