Enjoyment of Music- Music Northwestern Cultures

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Maple Leaf Rag

Scott Joplin Ragtime The pianist’s left hand maintains the beat while the right hand adds a syncopated melody.

Lost Your Head Blues

Bessie Smith Blues Cornet

KoKo

Charlie Parker Bebop

Miles Run the Voodoo Down

Miles Davis fusion

Which of the following composers was not influenced by jazz?

Arnold Schoenberg

Although jazz began in bars and brothels, it is now considered

an American art form.

When a voice is answered by an instrument, or when one instrument (or group of instruments) is answered by a chorus, the pattern is referred to as

call and response.

The immediate sources of jazz include

All answers are correct.

The backbone of a jazz ensemble is its

rhythm section.

Ragtime flourished in the United States

from the 1890s to about 1915.

Ragtime is

All answers are correct.

The poetic and musical form of the blues was popularized in the early years of the twentieth century through the publication of Memphis Blues and St. Louis Blues, composed by

William C. Handy.

The blues

All answers are correct.

The most famous blues singer of the 1920s, known as the "empress of the blues", was

Bessie Smith.

New Orleans style Dixieland flourished in the United States

from 1900 to 1917.

The major center of jazz from about 1900 to 1917 was

New Orleans

The "front line" of a Dixieland group included

cornet, clarinet, and trombone.

The most distinctive feature of New Orleans style jazz was

collective improvisation by the front line

The jazz style called swing flourished in America from

1935 to 1945.

The rhythm section of a swing band normally consisted of

piano, percussion, guitar, and bass.

The typical swing band had about fifteen musicians, grouped into three sections:

saxophones, brasses, and rhythm.

One of the most important solo instruments of the swing era was the

saxophone

Duke Ellington was an important figure in

swing

Bebop differed from earlier jazz forms in that it

was meant for attentive listening, not dancing

Bebop, as a musical style, developed in the

early 1940s

A typical bebop group might include

a saxophone, a trumpet, and a rhythm section of piano, bass, and percussion.

One of the greatest of all jazz improvisers and a towering figure among bebop musicians was the saxophonist

Charlie Parker

A bebop performance generally began and ended with

a statement of the main theme by one or two soloists in unison.

The following can be said about free jazz:

All answers are correct.

Cool jazz

was related to bop but was calmer and more relaxed in character.

Cool jazz emerged

during the late 1940s and early 50s.

The leading figures in the free jazz movement were

John Coltrane and Ornette Coleman.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of fusion?

The percussion section is smaller than in earlier jazz.

The bebop musician who spearheaded developments in cool jazz and then jazz rock is

Miles Davis

Early rock grew mainly out of __________, a dance music of African Americans that fused blues, jazz, and gospel styles.

rhythm and blues

A folklike, guitar-based style associated with rural white Americans is known as

country and western.

The first big hit of the earliest leading rock and roll group was

Rock around the clock

America, from West Side Story

Leonard Bernstein American musical This music features Latin dance rhythms.

Tonight, from West Side Story

Leonard Bernstein polyphonic. This music depicts several emotions at once.

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