World History The Growth of Cities

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What was the biggest effect that new technology had on farm workers?

Many workers lost their jobs.

The graph shows the population of Manchester, England. (Going up and to the right on the graph)

People moved to Manchester from rural areas.

What was the main reason for poor living conditions in cities?

Cities were not prepared for so many new workers.

What is the most likely reason Griscom connected crime to poor living conditions?

Unhealthy people who could not earn a living were more likely to commit crimes.

The term slum means

a crowded area with run-down housing and high poverty.

What factor would have most likely prevented the problems that cities faced during urbanization?

a slower transition to industrialization

Workers were attracted to industrial cities because

they offered workers the opportunity to earn higher wages.

Why were factory conditions so bad at the start of the Industrial Revolution?

Laws were not in place to protect workers.

By paying low wages, factory owners were able to

increase their profits in a competitive environment.

Which statement best summarizes what the doctor is saying about child factory workers?

When I was a surgeon in the infirmary, accidents were very often admitted to the infirmary, through the children’s hands and arms having being caught in the machinery; in many instances the muscles, and the skin is stripped down to the bone, and in some instances a finger or two might be lost.

They are doing dangerous work.

Based on the graph, a conclusion that can be drawn about the textile industry is that

textile factories had more jobs that children could perform.

Early in the Industrial Revolution, factory owners employed many

children.

New laws that were passed during the Industrial Revolution helped city residents by

improving the standard of living in cities.

The shift toward mass production affected consumers by

making goods less expensive.

The middle class that emerged during the Industrial Revolution consisted mainly of

a mix of government officials and skilled workers.

During the Industrial Revolution, who demanded reform?

working class people

Why did it take so long for working class people to fight for improved conditions?

Workers had no power to make their voices heard.

According to the graph, the total percentage of children working mining and textile industries was highest in the year

1,861

Urbanization is best described as the

growth of cities

Factory employees worked ___ days a week

6

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