World History Chapter 5

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Solon reformed Athens from his position as

archon

Following the death of Alexander

his empire was wracked by more than forty years of civil war

Aristotle believed that true knowledge could be discerned from

observations of the real world

After Philip II of Macedonia unified Greece, he called upon Greeks and Macedonians to

liberate the Ionian colonies from Persian control

A type of Greek Government in which a small group of wealthy citizens ruled

oligarchy

Thucydides came to believe that the Peloponnesian War was caused by

human greed and desire for power.

Hippocrates believed that the best way illnesses could be treated was to

let nature run its course

Solon’s reforms in Athens

gave citizens a place in the assembly

The geography of Greece

was a divisive force in Greek life

A grand naval alliance created by the Athenians aimed at liberating Ionia from Persia rule

Delian League

In Ptolemaic Egypt, slavery was discourage because it

competed with free people for labor

The Greek elites

had a relatively modest material standard of living

The historical understanding of women in classical Athens

is based on fragmentary evidence and is a subject of debate

Slave in Athens

were paid for their work

The term oligarchy refers to

" the rule of a few"

Alexander’s eastward expansion of his empire was halted at the Hyphasis River because

his Macedonian army refused to fight anymore

A type of Greek government in which all citizens administered the working of government

democracy

The Peloponnesian Wars grew out of

Athenian imperialism.

The Hellenistic city

resembled modern cities

The Lycurgan system in Sparta resulted in

a society ruled by an aristocratic, warrior elite

Rule by one man who took over an existing government, generally by using his wealth to gain a political following

tyranny

The Greek polis contained an agora, or

marketplace

The philosophy of Stoicism strongly emphasized

living a virtuous life

Heavily

armed Greek foot soldiers were called- hoplites

By the classical era, Greek religion

was centered on worship of the Olympian gods,

Phillip II of Macedonia was able to conquer Greece when Sparta and Thebes were

unable to unify Greece

Athens and Persia began a series of wars over Greek cities in what region?

Ionia

The Spartan military viewed same

sex relationships between men as- positive because lovers would fight harder to defend one another

The culmination of Pre

Socratic thought was the theory that- the universe consisted of four substances- air, fire, earth, and water

The spread of Hellenistic culture was bolstered by Alexander’s tradition of doing what in his newly conquered territories?

founding new cities with mixed populations

Spartan women were expected to

enjoy a more active, public life than most other Greek women

Agriculture and the domestication of animals came to Greece via

Turkey

Which student of Socrates founded the Academy to study philosophy?

Plato

The plays of Sophocles emphasized that which of the following has precedence over human law and customs?

Divine Law

In the Homeric poems, the gods are described as

deceitful and petty personalities

One of the causes of Greek colonization, and a particularly persistent problem for Sparta was

over population and lack of food supply

The Greek polis differed from other city

states in that is saw itself as- a community of citizens

Hellenistic trade networks were aided by the adoption of

coinage for convenient, standard payments

During the Peloponnesian War, Athens invaded what Mediterranean island?

Sicily

Socrates was executed in 399 BCE on charges of

corrupting the youth of Athens

Generally translated as a "city

state" it was the basic political and institutional unit of ancient Greece- polis

The crowning achievement of Pericles’ rebuilding of the Acropolis was a temple dedicated to

Athena and the greatness of Athens

How did Alexander treat Egypt once he had conquered it?

He honored local customs and integrated himself into its cultures

After defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War, Sparta was herself defeat in 371 BCE by

Thebes

Epicurus taught that the principal good for human beings was

the absence of suffering

The most important result of the athletic contest help at Olympia was to

unify Greeks culturally and religiously

Heavy armed citizens who served as infantrymen and fought to defend the polis

hoplites

Major exports form the Greek cities during the classical and Hellenistic periods included

olive oil and wine

The Hellenistic city was differed from the polis in that it

was dependent upon the kings

The term "koine’ refers to

a common dialect that developed throughout the Hellenistic period

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