World History 3-3

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Two things societies with iron technology developed socially are _____.

divisions of labor hierarchical social classes

This tribe migrated across Africa bringing iron technology with it.

Bantu

The Xiongnu and Scythians greatly influenced this region.

Central Asia

Nomadic tribes and civilizations were conquered and absorbed into the the Xiongnu Empire. This brought the empire more _______.

territory natural resources trading routes

The Asiatic Huns were also known as the _____.

Xiongnu

Most of what we know about the Scythians comes from the _____.

Romans and Greeks

The Xiongnu Empire rose in power and trade even after the Chinese attempted to block its influence by:

Building the Great Wall

Which of these regions was NOT influenced by the Scythians?

Africa

The three main kings during the golden age of Israel were:

David, Solomon, Saul

The Scythians and Xiongnu were _____ societies.

nomadic

Some of the benefits of iron technology in agriculture include:

More land could be cleared. More diverse crops could be grown.

The Jewish Torah is composed of _____ books.

five

What did the Xiongnu gain when they defeated the Han Chinese?

silk sophistication

Evidence seems to suggest that the art of metallurgy began in _____.

Africa

Judaism, like Christianity and Islam, traces its roots to _____.

Abraham

Place these languages in the order they appeared.

first: Egyptian second: Semitic third: Phoenician fourth: Greek fifth: Roman

Plato’s student was _____.

Aristotle

Which tribes made up the Mongolic tribes of the Xiongnu Empire?

Luandi Lan

omnipotent

all-powerful

omniscient

all-knowing

The single most important event in Jewish history is their exodus from _____

egypt

The Scythians divided into what two branches?

Iranian and Indian

The sacred book of Judaism is called the _____.

Torah

The _____ language was spoken in Egypt.

Coptic

This leader made all citizens over thirty eligible to serve on the council and gave more power to the Citizen Assembly.

Cleisthenes

This first Athenian reform leader established the Citizen’s Assembly, forbade enslavement for debts, and made fathers responsible for seeing that their sons learned a trade.

Solon

The alliance of Greek city-states was called the _____.

Delian League

This battle eliminated Persian influence in Greece and Athens.

Salamis Bay

The defining moment in Greek history is the____Wars.

persian

Plato’s famous teacher was _____.

Socrates

A civilization whose impact can be felt on history for a very long time is called _____.

classical

The Iliad and The Odyssey were written by _____.

Homer

The introduction of female characters in plays is attributed to _____.

Euripides

___ is considered the father of Greek tragedy.

Aeschylus

From the lesson, the discovery of philosophy can be attributed to the _____.

Egyptians

The Socratic method is named after this Greek philosopher.

Socrates

Inductive reasoning is attributed to _____.

Aristotle

After Alexander’s death, Greece and Macedonia were ruled by _____.

Antipater

Alexander was the son of _____.

Philip II

After Alexander’s death, Egypt was ruled by _____.

Ptolemy

Alexander the Great eventually established his administrative headquarters at _____.

Babylon

Which of the regions or nations did Alexander not conquer?

Italy and China

This philosophy believed it was important to completely control one’s passions and emotions.

Stoicism

The philosophy that believed pleasure was the greatest aim in life was called _____.

Epicureanism

Zoroastrianism practices the threefold path of _____.

good thoughts good deeds good words

Many regard Zoroastrianism as the first ___ religion in the world.

monotheistic

The_____ is considered the sacred text and holy scriptures of Zoroastrianism.

Avesta

Herodotus is famous for writing _____.

Histories

A ___was a Persian provincial governor.

satraps

The location of the famous stand by three hundred Spartans against the Persian army is called _____.

Thermoplyae

The turning point in Greek history was the _____.

Persian Wars

The way of life where a person withdraws from society to devote self to prayer and solitude is called _____.

Monasticism

Match the Persian leader with his notable achievement or defeat.

1. Cyrus; respected the customs and religions of the people he conquered 2. Cambyses; one of the few generals in history to ever conquer and occupy Egypt 3. Darius; was defeated by the Greeks at the Bay of Marathon 4. Xerxes; was defeated by the Greeks at the Bay of Salamis

The ancient _____ are traditionally credited with being the discoverers of philosophy. However, they probably picked up philosophy from the Egyptian culture.

Greeks

The plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides reflected the social values and attitudes of classical Greeks yet one introduced strong female characters in his plays. Which playwright was bold enough to do so and select his play.

Euripides, Bacchae

The famous philosophy work the Republic, which envisioned a utopia, was written by _____.

Plato

The three great philosophers that appeared in the Greek civilization back-to-back-to back were _____.

Socrates Plato Aristotle

The Greek philosophy of exploring all possibilities and examples before reaching a conclusion is called _____.

inductive reasoning

Three hundred Spartans made a famous stand against the Persian army in the name of freedom at _____.

Thermopylae

Alexander’s kingdom was split into _____ major parts.

three

Who was Plato’s famous teacher?

Socrates

The library at _____ in Egypt became the center of research, literature, and science.

Alexandria

What are the three views about justice as written by Plato?

1.justices is plainly giving back what is deserved. 2. justices is interest of "strong, governing parties". 3. "it is social necessity weak, but not valuable once one becomes strong."

_____ is considered the "Father of History."

Herodotus

Roman society was composed of two groups:

Plebeians and Patricians

The rulers of Italy before the Romans were the _____.

Etruscans

One of the legends surrounding the origins or Rome involves two brothers _____.

Romulus and Remus

The early Roman government was a .

monarchy

Which of the following was not one of the Roman Senate’s powers in the early days?

exercise complete control over the common people or plebeians

The First Triumvirate consisted of _____.

Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar

This Roman leader was assassinated in 46 B.C.

Julius Caesar

The end to the Roman Republic occurred when___came to power.

caesar augustus

The four books of the New Testament that detail the life and teachings of Jesus are called _____.

Gospels

Christianity is a____religion.

monotheistic

The sacred text of Christianity is the Bible which is composed of the _____.

new and old testament

Emperor____established the Edict of Milan in 313.

constantine

What Indian ruler was converted to Buddhism?

Ashoka

Chandragupta rebelled against the governors of _____.

Alexander

The____depicts the role and status of women in Indian society.

Ramayana

What things did the Han Dynasty standardize?

Writing, Weights and measure

The main trade route that connected China with Rome was called the _____.

Silk Road

The state religion of the Han Dynasty was _____.

Buddhism

What is NOT a reason for the Olmec civilization to be the "mother culture" of later Mesoamerican societies?

use the wheel.

The Olmec civilization was located in _____.

Mesoamerica

What form of government is a republic?

representative

The Greek polis began as ____________.

a settlement along the Adriatic and Mediterranean that developed its own governing style

The Greek polis was a city-state with _____.

an agora, where trade and other commerce occurred

The Roman Republic was begun by ______________.

the establishment of a representative government

Which of the following shows how the Greek city-states and the Roman Republic were similar? Select all that apply.

Both began with settlements in city-states in close proximity Both had representative forms of government

Ancient Greek and Roman societies made sense of their world through _____.

Polytheistic mythology

Which Roman god is most like Hades?

Pluto

Roman gods and goddesses tended to be more heroic and interested in the afterlife. What were Greek gods and goddesses more interested in?

Manipulating lovers Engaging the human world Physical beauty

The origins of Roman mythology lay in __________

Greek mythology

Which of the following best demonstrates how the societies of the Greek polis and the Roman Republic differed?

Greek city-states were composed of individual societies with unique governance and structure, while Rome was centered on a collection of city-states.

How did rule by a few, or a small group, work in the city-states of Italy?

Oligarchies governed through councils and elected officials.

Octavian’s rise to power signaled an end to the Roman Republic yet the beginning of _______.

the decline of Rome

The Etruscans ruled this region before the Romans.

Italy

In ancient Greek democracy, women were ______.

subject to their husbands or fathers

A person who believes things that contradict a religion’s doctrine is called a _____.

heretic

The founder of Christianity was _____.

Jesus

Great stone head sculptures are one of the legacies of this civilization.

Olmec

Confucianism was the state religion of the _____ Dynasty.

Han

The title of Christ was given to Jesus from the Greek word for _____.

Savior

The Han Dynasty (202 B.C. – A.D. 8; A.D. 25-220) consisted of two parts called the _____.

former and latter

The name Olmec means _____.

Rubber people

Roman society was composed of which two groups?

Plebeians Patricians

Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar composed the _____.

First Triumvirate

Which of the following are basic human rights?

equality before the law innocent before proven guilty trial before proven guilty

The two classical civilizations of ancient India were the:

Gupta and Maurya

The end of the Roman Republic occurred when this man came to power.

Caesar Augustus

Siddhartha Gautama founded the religion of _____.

Buddhism

The laws of Rome were written down in 450 B.C. and called the _____.

Twelve Tables

The two hundred years of Roman Peace (30 B.C. – A.D. 235) is called _____.

Pax Romana

In which two ancient cultures did women experience the most freedom?

Sparta the Roman Empire

This Roman issued the Edict of Milan, which formally established tolerance for all religions.

Constantine

They invented a 365-day calendar and rubber balls.

Olmecs

When Caesar Augustus came to power, this form of government disappeared from Rome.

republic

Which diaspora took the Jews to what is modern-day Turkey?

Roman

This man is considered the "Father of History."

Herodotus

This civilization introduced the world to democracy.

Greece

The two Persian leaders who tried to conquer Greece were:

Xerxes and Darius I

Many of today’s basic human rights have roots in classical traditions and religions, including which of the following?

equality before the law innocent until proven guilty trial by a jury of your peers

What impact did the han chinese have on the xiongu

The figure of Pandora could be best compared to what other figure

?

eve

The ancient language of _____ is called Sanskrit.

India

Siddhartha Gautama founded the _____ religion.

Buddhist

The "Father" of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism is _____.

Abraham

The Hellenistic period followed the reign of _____.

Alexander the Great

Plato’s famous philosophical work that envisioned a utopia was called _____.

The Republic

The exodus from Egypt is this religion’s most important event.

Judaism

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