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Wis2552 topics 7 & 8 and reference chapter

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Honey-eaters were not found naturally in Hawaii

False

The ____ are passerine birds that forage by impaling small animals on thorns

Shrikes

The northern mockingbird is most closely related to the

Thrashers

Titmice are in the same family as the

Chickadees

Most tangers are found in

South America

The kinglets are a family found only in the old world

False

There is a native species of crow found only in Hawaii

True

The bobolink is related to the

Blackbirds

The yellow-bellied Siskin is a type of

Finch

Three wattled bellbirds are indigenous to the

Neotropics

There are ___ native species of crows and jays in new Zealand

0

Nuthatches and creepers are members of the same family

False

Shrikes are found worldwide except for

Australia

Horned larks are not native to

Australia

The ___is a chickadee like species indigenous to the southwest and Mexico

Verdin

Mynas and starlings belong to a family that is widespread on oceanic islands but absent from Africa

False

The ___are sluggish insect gleaming foragers

Vireos

A brushy tongue is characteristic of the

Honey-eaters

The ___arevpasserine species that are similar to swifts

Swallows

Thrushes are found worldwide except in

New Zealand

There are ___ species of waxwings worldwide

3

Redpolls are in the same group as the

Red-crested cardinal

The new holland honey eater is native to

Australia

North American gnatcatchers are in the same family as the

Old world warblers

The ____ family is the largest family that is found just in the new world

Tyrannidae

The ___ are passerine species that are similar to swifts

Swallows

___ are common passerine birds that occur worldwide except for south America

Crows

Currawongs are native to

Australia

The endosymbiosis theory argues that a ___ relationship was established between two cells

Mutualistic

Redi’s experiment involved denying ___ access to decaying meat

Flies

Both mitochondria and chloroplasts have two membranes

True

Pasteur did an experiment to show that there was no

Spontaneous generation

The bony fish evolved in the ___ period of the Paleozoic

Ordovician

____ was the first period of the Cenozoic

Tertiary

Some of pasteurs sterile water flasks are still on display today

True

Chloroplasts are found only in members of the kingdom plantae

False

The ___ era is broken down into epochs

Cenozoic

The first dinosaurs appeared in the ___

Triassic

The endosymbosis theory argues that small prokaryotic cells were engulfed by

Larger prokaryotic cells

Pigment molecules are found in the

Chloroplasts

Conifers evolved in the

Permian

DNA in the nuclei of eukaryotic cells is complexed with

Proteins

Multicellularity might have evolved by incomplete cell division

True

Prokaryotic cells contain

RNA

The first hominids appeared at the end of the

Tertiary

Most scientists think the earth is ___ years old

4.5 billion

Bacteria like DNA is found in the ___ of eukaryotes

Mitochondria

Multicellularity might have evolved from coloniality

True

Stanley miller was able to produce synthetic

Amino acids

Oparin did experiments in

Chemical evolution

Pasteur bent the slender necks of glass flasks to prevent ___from reaching sterile water

Bacteria

The Pleistocene epoch ended roughly ___ years ago

8000

Protenoid spheres could have evolved via

Self-assembly

The ___ is the period of the first vascular plants

Silurian

The first fungi evolved in the

Ordovician

___ are the site for aerobatic respiration in eukaryotes

Mitochondria

The bony fish evolved in the ___ period of the Paleozoic

Ordovician

The ____ era is broken down into epochs

Cenozoic

Oparin converted elemental nitrogen, carbon, oxygen and hydrogen to

Amino acids

the main tree in the old growth forests of the pacific northwest is not the giant sequoia

true

the ____ appears to be a species that is declining due to protection of forests from succession

rufous-sides towhee

hornbills are found in

old world tropics

janet larson of the earth policy institute wrote that in the 50 years up to 2003 ____ had lost about 40% of its forest cover

indonesia

most woodpeckers have feet with____ toes

4

old growth forests of the pacific northwest have evolved in conjunction with

an orographic effect

harris reported that about ____% of the vertebrates of old growth forests were reptiles and amphibians

12

game birds of the taiga typically have ____ feathers as an adaption for absorbing sunlight

dark-colored

trees in the taiga are often pyramid shaped as an adaption for

shedding snow

the african pygmy elephant appears to be morphologically similar to ____ of south america

capybara

liming is a stop gap measure to protect lakes form the effects of

acid rain

the so called dust bowl of the early twentieth century was the result of

poor farming practices

the so called fynbos occurs in

south america

northern spotted owls feed chiefly on

wood rats

although extinct in the wild in the 1970s the arabian oryx has been reintroduced to the nation of

oman

the main characteristics of deserts is high temperatures

false

the australian tropics are home to ___ species of monkeys

0

historically, grasslands in ___ are especially rich in large grazing herbivore species

africa

the so called climax vegetation refers to the ___ in an area

original vegetation

professor larry harris who wrote a classic book was a professor at the university of florida

true

___ are a species that is causing widespread destruction of habitat in the tundra

snow geese

of the following only the ___ are true arboreal foliovores

sloths

___ are insectivous mammals with very high metabolic rates that are found in eastern deciduous forest of the north america

shrews

___ wrote a book on communities of lizards in deserts around the world

eric pianka

sonoma and red tree voles live only ___

south of the columbia river

myrmecophagous mammals are those that eat chiefly

ants and termites

matorral is a sub biome of western africa

false

the species in the group platyrrhini are

new world monkeys

as an adaption to reflect sunlight the arabian oryx has

pale fur

taiga occurs in south america as well as canada and russia

false

the ___ is an example of a cold desert

gobi

the desert biome lies about ___ degrees north and south of the equator

30

badgers are a predator that preys on

ground squirrels

the main characteristic of deserts is low rainfall

true

___ are sea ducks of the high arctic that are adapted for diving and feeding on invertebrates

eiders

desert plants in africa in the family gramminaceae have converged with north americn species of cactaceae

false

the main trees in temperate forests of australia are evergreens

true

prehensile tails are typical of ___ monkeys

larger new world

temperate forests do to have a very high diversity of ___ species

lizard

new world and old world monkeys have been isolated since the ___ epoch

eocene

as described in the biome reference chapter north american grasslands fall into ___broad zones

3

marmosets and tamarins occur in

south america

the ____ are thought to represent the worlds most primitive living rodent

mountain beaver

switch grass is typical of ___ prairie

midgrass

the three toed woodpecker inhabits the ___ biome

taiga

because winters are so long in the taiga there are very few biting insects in summer

false

the invention of ___ around 1870 had a major effects on land use patterns in the great plains

barbed wire

the varied thrush is a species found in the understory of

old growth

goannas were gigantic ____ that once roamed australia

lizard

seasonality is an important characteristic of the ___ biome

temperate forest

historically grasslands in ___ have fewest species of large grazing herboviores

south america

zoogeographic regions are based on

evolutionary history

acid rain is a threat that has particularly affected ____ in north america

temperate forests

the white-headed woodpecker is a highly adapted species that lives only in old growth of the pacific northwest

false

are arboreal foliovores of the australian temperate forest

koalas

the species in the group catarrhini are

old world monkeys

the ____ is the basic form of photosynthesis

calvin cycle

many bird species that nest in the temperate forest are considered neoropical migrants

true

the maned wolf is a predator of grasslands in

south america

the top predator in siberian taiga is the

siberian tiger

goannas were gigantic ____ that once roamed australia

lizards

____ are birds of taiga like habitats that feed almost exclusively on pine seeds and often have irruptive fights

crossbills

the wettest spot on earth is in a tropical forest

on an island

janet larson of the earth policy

true

the ____ monkeys of the new world are arboreal foliovores

howler

____ are arboreal foliovores of the australian temperate forests

koalas

the great sandy desert is in

australia

___ are extensions on the trunk of some tropical trees

buttresses

notofagus is a common tree genus in temperate forests of

south america

of the following only the ____ are true arboreal foliovores

sloths

the main characteristics of desserts is high temperatures

false

old and new world nom keys differ especially in the structure of the

nose

the flint hills of kansas support a vast native ____ prairie

tallgrass

vast areas of the steppe in the old soviet union were plowed under to raise ___ irrigated with water from the

sea

the ___ is a weasel like taiga animal that feeds on porcupines

fisher

____ are main prey of polar bears

seals

the african pygmy elephant appears to be morphologically similar to the ____ of south africa

capybara

the so called thorny devil is a lizard indigenous to

australia

the white headed woodpecker is a highly adapted species that lives only in old growth forests of the pacific northwest

false

scientists at the ____ reported that woodcock were declining due to forest maturation throughout the eastern deciduous forest

ruffed grouse society

matorral is a sub biome of western africa

false

switch grass is typical of ____ prairie

midgrass

richard yahner

4

north american grasslands once supported ___ buffalo

60 million

the ___ are desert adapted rodents that live mostly in africa

jerboas

the _____ are birds of the old world deserts that fly long distances to soak up water in there belly feathers to transport to their young

sand grouse

____ are tiny pores in in the leaves of vascular plants

stomata

australia currently supports a wild population of one humped camels that number around

100,000

____ are australian mammals that feed almost exclusively on termites

numbats

as an example of convergent evolution ichthyosaurs resemble

sharks

the maned wolf is a predator in the grassland of

south america

____ are species that is causing widespread destruction of habitat in the tundra

snow geese

the ___ monkeys of the old world are arboreal foliovores

colobus

____ is an example of a tall grass species

gama grass

shrew moles are a characteristic species of

old growth forests

the main characteristic of deserts is low rainfall

true

desert scrub and thorn forest are two sub biomes you would encounter in

western mexico

the main tree in old growth forests of the pacific northwest is not the giant sequoia

true

tower birds are found in

australia

the hornbills are found in

old world tropics

female snow goose can lose up to ____% of her body mass

40

___ species of conifer grow to heights in excess of 200 feet in the old growth forests

10

stones are basically a product of latitude and

elevation

___ is a process that occurs in a temperate forest following a fires or some other form of natural deforestation

secondary succession

across the tundra the annual rainfall averages ___ per year

<25

the great sandy desert is in

australia

old and new world monkeys differ especially in the structure of the

nose

crassulacean acid metabolism is type of photosynthesis seen in many

desert

in the year 2oo2 the us imported as much as

true

shrew moles are characteristic species of

old growth forests

galahs are native to

australia

a cere is a characteristic of the

parrots

female ____ are brightly colored while the males have a duller plumage

phalaropes

a grey tailed mountain gem is a species of

hummingbird

members of the heron and egret group are characterized by having

naked lores

kookaburras are related to the

kingfishers

dodos were in the same group as

pigeons

___ are species that are related to terns that feed by flying low with their lower mandible in the water

skimmers

the tawny frogmouth is a common bird in

australia

american bitterns are in the same group as the

herons

according to one reference there are ____ species of hummingbirds in costa rica alone

51

the ____ plover nests far inland on grasslands

mountain

gulls as a group are all chiefly scavengers

true

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