WHS AP US History Ch 21

Total Word Count: 1861
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President Theodore Roosevelt defined "civilized" and "uncivilized" nations on the basis of
A. race
B. naval power
C. economic development
D. race and economic development
E. all of the above

D. race and economic development

after the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-1905,
A. relations between japan ath the Roosevelt administration steadily improved
B. President Roosevelt took no direct action against Japan
C. the Japanese military presence in the Pacific declined
D. the Russian government collapsed
E. President Roosevelt negotiated a secret free trade with Russia

B. President Roosevelt took no direct action against Japan

the 1904 "Roosevelt Corollary"
A. was invalidated by the supreme court
B. stated the neighboring countries had to adhere to U.S. policy in times of war
C. was created as a result of a military crisis in Cuba
D. stated that the U.S. had a right to intervene in the affiairs of neighboring countries
E. stated that England alone was exempted from the Monroe Doctrine

D. stated that the U.S. had a right to intervene in the affiairs of neighboring countries

in order to secure control of the Panama Canal zone, the United States
A.carried out the overthrow of the president of Panama
B. organized a trade embargo against Columbia
C. assisted a revolution in Panama
D. purchases the land for the canal from Columbia
E. surrounded the canal site with a "Great White Fleet"

C. assisted a revolution in Panama

the policy idea behind "Dollar Diplomacy" was to
A. create stable governments in less-developed nations
B. reduce the deployment of troops form the U.S. to other nations
C. encourage other nations to peg currency to the U.S. dollar
D. financially reward Latin nations that supported the intrests of the United States
E. extend investments by the U.S. in less-devveloped regions

E. extend investments by the U.S. in less-devveloped regions

in the early 20th century, the U.S.’s action towards Mexico included
A. encouraging an overthrow of the Madero government
B. a refusal to formally recognize the Huerta government
C. sending an American expeditionary force across the border into Mexico
D. both encourand aging an overthrow of the Madero government and refusing to formally recognize the Huerta government
E. all the above

E. all the above

in 1914, the "Entente" consisted of
A. Italy, France, Russia
B. Great Britian, France, U.S.
C. Germany, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russia
D. Great Britian, France, Russia
E. Germany, Italy, Japan

all D. Great Britian, France, Russia

the immediate cause of the war in Europe in 1914 was
A. a struggle between European powers for control of the international diamond trade
B. the sinking to the British passenger liner "Lussitania"
C. the death of Otto von Bismark in Germany
D. the German invasion of Poland
E. the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand

E. the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand

in 1914-1915, the United States responded to a British naval blockade of Germany by
A. ending trade with all of Europe to maintain its neutrality
B. ending trade with Great Britian to pressure it to lift the blockade
C. defying the blockade and continuing it with Great Britian
D. ending trade with Germany but continuing with Great Britian
E. rerouting all trade wwith Germany through the Mediterranean

D. ending trade with Germany but continuing with Great Britian

in mid-1916, President Woodrow Wilson
A. stated that the United States was likely to enter the war within a year
B. ordered that American troops be sent to staging camps in England
C. had come to support a rapid increase of the nation’s armed forces
D. was firmly rooted with the peace factions of the Democratic Party
E. Sent Secratary of state, Willam Jennings Bryans to a broker with a peace settlement

C. had come to support a rapid increase of the nation’s armed forces

in January 1917, President Woodrow Wilson, in a speech before congress
A. suggested the creation of the League of Nations in the post-war period
B. insisted that the naion’s financial intrests had to be protected from a German victory
C. asked for a declaration of war against Germany
D. said Britian and France could not win the war without the United States
E. argued that entering the war would be a tragic mistake under any circumstatnces

A. suggested the creation of the League of Nations in the post-war period

in March 1917, the United States moved closer to entering the Great War when
A. the czarist government of Russia was overthrown
B. the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia
C. Russia asked the Allies to call for an armistice
D. a German offensive threatened to capture Moscow
E. Russia and Germany negoiated a seperate peace

A. the czarist government of Russia was overthrown

As the United States entered World War 1, its most immediate military effect was in
A. western Europe
B. the Far East
C. north Africa
D. eastern Europe
E. the Atlantic Ocean

E. the Atlantic Ocean

the United States Selective Service Act
A. was enacted durring the last months of WW1
B. gave the government, for the first time, the authority to draft citizens for militay duty
C. was supported by President Woodrow Wilson
D. drafted far more men than thoes who volunteered for military duty
E. Brought nearly 300,000 men into the army

C. was supported by President Woodrow Wilson

in WW1, the American Expeditionary Force was commanded by
A.George Marshall
B. Arthur McArthur
C. George Patton
D. John Pershing
E. Lenard Wood

D. John Pershing

during WW1, extensive systems of trenches were used by both sides
A. because the destructive power of weapons ment soldiers could not live in the open field
B. because they prevented tanks form reaching the soldiers’ positions
C. because the soldiers were safer from posionus mustard gas closer to the ground
D. both because the destructive power of weapons ment soldiers could not live in the open field and because they prevented tanks form reaching the soldiers’ positions
E. None of the above

A. because the destructive power of weapons ment soldiers could not live in the open field

During WW1, airplanes were used for all the following except,
A. bombing the enemy
B. transporting troops
C. attacking other aircrafts
D. reconnaissance
E. "dogfighting"

B. transporting troops

the country that lost the greatest number of lives during WW1 was
A. Russia
B. Great Britian
C. France
D. Germany
E. Italy

D. Germany

During WW1, the United states government primarily financed the war through
A. deficit spending and currency manipulation
B. foreign loans and the printing of new currency
C. private business and banking loans
D. currency inflation and the sale for gold reserves
E. public bond sales and new taxes

E. public bond sales and new taxes

During WW1, the war industries Board (WIB)
A. was seen as a model for rational organiztion when led by Herbert Hoover
was plagued by mismanagement and ineffcienies under Bernard Baruch
C. corrdinated government purchases of military supplies
D. saw itself as an adversary of individual businesses
E. all the above

C. corrdinated government purchases of military supplies

In the US during WWI, the Committee on Public Information (CPI)
A. established strict rules of cenorship for journalists reporting on the war
C. coordinated government purchases of military supplies
C. criticized the federal government’s reporting of the war
D. was led by a panel of American military offficers
E. became a haven for pacifists and conscientious objectors

C. coordinated government purchases of military supplies

In the US, after it entered WWI,
A. most German Americans supported the American war effort
B. German books were removed from many schools and libraries
C. the playing of German music was banned in many communities
D. sauerkraut was renamed "liberty cabbage.:
E. All these answers are correct.

E. All these answers are correct.

In 1918, President Wilson’s 14 Pts. recieved significant political support from
A. the British government
B. the United States Senate
C. the French government
D. both the British and French governments
E. None of the above

E. None of the above

In 1919, all of the following figures were at the Paris peace conference EXCEPT
A. Alexander Kerensky of Russia
B. George Clemenceau of France
C. David Lloyd George of Great Britian
D. Vittorio Orlando of Italy
E. Woodrow Wilson of the U.S.

A. Alexander Kerensky of Russia

When President Woodrow Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate,
A. the American public clearly supported its ratification
B. most so-called "irreconcilable" senators favored it in principle
C. he was willing to compromise on the language of the treaty but not its major points
D. he found a close ally in Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman, Henry Cabot Lodge
E. he refused to appeal to the public, believing the treaty should stand on its merits alone

A. the American public clearly supported its ratification

Regarding the Treaty of Versailles, the U.S. Senate decided in 1919 to
A. ratify it without change
B. ratify it after Democrats accepted the Republican "reservations"
C. ratify it with the change that the U.S. would not join the League of Nations
D. ratify it only after Article X was struck from the treaty
E. not ratify it

E. not ratify it

In 1919, American labor unrest saw
A. the public generally support unions
B. a general strike in Seattle that brought the city to the standstill
C. a major steel strike resolved in favor of the workers
D. Governor Calvin Coolidge attract national acclaim for his support of labor
E. All these answers are correct

B. a general strike in Seattle that brought the city to the standstill

In 1919, the racial climate in the U.S.
A. worsened in both the North & South
B. worsened in the South but not the North
C. improved in both the North & South
D. improved in the North but not the South
E. generally stayed the same as it had been before the war

A. worsened in both the North & South

Marcus Garvey
A. encourage African Americans to reject assimilation into white society
B. argued that America, not Africa, was now blacks’ true home
C. urged African Americans to move out of the South
D. called on African Americans to reject capitalism
E. saw his movement and influence decline in the early 1920s.

A. encourage African Americans to reject assimilation into white society

During the Red Scare of 1919, Attorney General Mitchell Palmer
A. oversaw the deportation of 6,000 people
B. founded the Federal Bureau of Investigation
C. argued for moderation and a cooling-off period
D. argued for moderation and a cooling-off period, but at the same time oversaw the deportation of 6,000 people
E. None of the above

E. None of the above

In 1920, passage of the 19th Amendment
A. marked the beginning of a new era in progressive reform
B. outlawed the production, sale, and consumption of alcohol
C. gave women the right to vote
D. required the direct election of senators
E. disallowed Woodrow Wilson from running for a 3rd term

C. gave women the right to vote

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