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V. Classical Period

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Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is unusual in that it is scored for _______ and ________ as well as orchestra.

vocal soloists chorus

We have record of Beethoven’s struggle with his musical material because of his habit of carrying__________.

musical sketchbook

Beethoven’s only opera is entitled _____.

Fidelio

Beethoven’s Third Symphony was originally composed to commemorate the deeds of ____ as the embodiment of heroism and democratic ideals. It is said that when Beethoven heard what this person had done, he tore up the title page, and the symphony is now known as the ____.

Napoleon Eroica

Beethoven, as the musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, bridged the ______ and _______ periods.

Classical Romantic

Beethoven’s sixteen _____ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed.
A) piano concertos
B) piano sonatas
C) string quartets
D) symphonies

B) piano sonatas

Beethoven’s late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include
A) piano sonatas
B) string quartets
C) the Ninth Symphony
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

In Beethoven’s music, the coda is
A) often expanded and serves to develop themes further
B) nonexistent
C) substituted for the minuet movement
D) used to create a strong feeling of expectancy for what is to follow

A) often expanded and serves to develop themes further

The choral finale of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is based on
A) Dante’s Inferno
B) Schiller’s Ode to Joy
C) Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s Dream
D) Shelley’s Ode to the West Wind

B) Schiller’s Ode to Joy

Beethoven, in comparison with earlier composers, was far more extensive and explicit in marking _____ in is scores.
A) dynamics
B) expressive indications
C) tempos
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

Theme and variations form may be schematically outlined as

AA’A"A"’A""

Each successive variation in a theme with variations

retains some elements of the theme

The ______ movement of Haydn’s Surprise Symphony is in theme and variations form.

second

The minuet is generally the ___ movement of a classical symphony.

third

The minuet as a whole may be outlined as

ABA

In many of Beethoven’s works, there is a ____ movement instead of the minuet

scherzo

The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a

dance at the court of Louis XIV of France

The character of the minuet is best described as

stately and dignified

The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it

moves more quickly

As is typical in classical music, the double bass part in Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik

sounds an octave lower than the cello part

Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a

finale

A common rondo pattern is

ABACA

The main theme of the rondo

is usually in the tonic key

Another common rondo pattern is

ABACABA

The rondo is used

as late as the 20th century

Symphony may be defined as an

a musical composition for orchestra, usually four movements,sonanta for orchestra, extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of color and dynamics of the classical orchestra

The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

fast, slow, dance-related, fast

The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in ____ form.

sonata

ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement, and is also common in the

slow movement

A symphony is unified partly by the use of the same

key in three of its movements

A classical concerto is a three-movement work for

instrumetal soloist and orchestra

An unaccompanied showpiece for the concerto’s soloist is known as a

cadenza

The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the

minuet or scherzo

The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the

piano

A pause in the score of a concerto is indicated by a

fermata

The first movement of a classical concerto

has two expositions

Classical chamber music is designed

for the intimate setting of a small room

The classical string quartet is a musical composition for

two violins, viola, and cello

The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is

fast, slow, minuet or scherzo,fast

A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music

is performed by one player per part

Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life

serving a wealthy aristocratic family

In the classical period, comic operas sometimes

ridiculed the aristocracy

Haydn’s contract of employment shows that he was considered
A) a skilled servant
B) a free-lance musician
C) a visiting guest composer
D) an equal by his employer

A) a skilled servant

Social mobility during the classical period was

an important factor in the rise of the middle class

Vienna in 1800
A) was a fourth-largest city in Europe
B) had a population of almost 250,000
C) was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire
D) all of the above

D) all of the above

IIn Vienna, Haydn and Mozart

became close friends

In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by

folk and popular music

The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as

theater, literature, music

The Concert spirituel (1725) was a

famous concert series given in Paris

Sonata form consists of three main sections: ____, _____, and _____.

Exposition, development, and recapitulation

A movement in sonata form may be preceded by a slow ____ that creates a strong feeling of expectancy.

introduction

A transitional passage that leads to a contrasting section is called a

bridge

The three main sections of a sonata-form movement are often followed by a concluding section known as the

coda

Short musical ideas developed within a composition are called fragments or

motives

Sonata form should be viewed as
A) a rigid mold into which musical ideas are poured
B) another term for symphony
C) a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key
D) a set of variations on a theme

C) a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key

In the exposition of a sonata-form movement

the second theme is in a new key

Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ___ movement of a multimovement work

first, slow, final fast

In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement

the closing theme is in the tonic key

At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a

repeat sign

Haydn was fortunate in having a long and fruitful, as well as financially stable, relationship with the noble Hungarian family of

Esterhazy

The 12 symphonies Haydn wrote for the concert manager J. P. Salomon for performance at his public concerts are also known as the ____ symphonies, for the city in which they were first performed

London

Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 ________ and 104 _____.

string quartets and symphonies

Haydn’s two popular oratorios are entitled ______ and _____.

seasons and creations

Along with his symphonies, Haydn’s _____ are considered his most important works.

string quartets

What characteristic is not a characteristic of Haydn’s music ?

The music is robust and direct, radiating a healthy optimism.

Haydn’s duties while in the service of the Esterhazy’s included

composing all the music requested by his patron, conducting the orchestra of about 25 players, and coaching the singers for operatic performances

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