Globally, people and animals infectious diseases are on the rise, and they claim a lot of lives years. The diseases are unnoticed or noticed in the late stages when they are not able to be cured. Bodies of animals and people produce natural immunity to diseases, but some diseases might be severe rendering the immunity not able to prevent or cure the diseases. Therefore, a vaccine can be administered, and it is a biological preparation that when taken induces the animal's or person's body to produce immunity as though the disease has infected the body. The process of making the vaccine is known as vaccination, and the vaccines can be administered either orally or through an injection. Vaccines aim at stimulating immune response or antibody response in the bodies of the victims.
Vaccines act as antigens. The vaccines stimulate the body to produce the antibodies which enable fight the disease or prevent the disease. Antibodies produced by the host work together with other defensive molecules present in the blood known as the complement proteins to help in destroying the disease-causing organisms referred to as the microbes. However, the vaccine contains a simple version of the version of the pathogen, and the victim is in no danger of getting infected with the disease. Its main aim is to enable the body to formulate a protection mechanism in case of future infection or attack. Vaccination helps reduces pain that the animals and people encounter as a result of an illness which may result in death. The vaccination campaign is high globally and is mainly advocated for the hosts' body from infection of any disease. Prevention of a disease is better than cure as it is less risky to the life of the animal or person and also cost effective. These paper will focus on the uses of vaccination to both individuals and animals (Cardetti, Groskreutz, & Zins, 2014. Pp. 2).
Among the people, diseases have become deadly over the years, and the need for protection is high. Children whose body immunity systems is weak are the most vulnerable individuals. Some of the diseases that affect children include whooping cough, mumps, Measles, polio, etc. Children are vaccinated to prevent future attack by this diseases. A disease like polio might cause disability among people if not protected such as hearing loss, paralysis of limbs, convulsions, brain damage, etc. Sick children are unable to play or even do better in schools as disease reduce the functioning of the brain. These may lead to time and money wastage to the parents. Mature persons are also affected by conditions despite their better immunity. The disease people might be vaccinated against are tetanus, chickenpox, smallpox, etc. Vaccination aim at preventing the ultimate manifestation of a disease to a person. Some of the vaccines provide a lifetime protection of illness to the people hence paramount (Alfredsson, Svensson, Trollfors, & Borres, 2004, pp. 1232-1237).
Additionally, animals like people also require vaccination to prevent them from the attack of some deadly diseases. The animal's body's exposure to germs might not be able to provide immunity sufficiently, and therefore vaccines are introduced for additional protection. Pet animals are affected by the disease, and they are vaccinated against rabies, parvovirus, distemper and hepatitis. Also, the livestock animals such as cows, goats, chickens are also vaccinated against diseases such as rotavirus, E. coli, pinkeye, and brucellosis. In the life of animals, the disease is used to enhance their lives and also their welfare. The vaccines for animals are in the broader category of the animal medicine called veterinary biologics (VB). The primary function of the VB is to stimulate the body of the animal to produce immunity for prevention or curing diseases. Animal vaccines are part of a broader category of animal medicines called veterinary biologics (VB). VB products work primarily through the stimulation of the immune system to prevent or treat diseases. Diseases in animals like rubies make dogs bite to the people cause disease which is fatal.
Therefore through the vaccination, the life expectancies of people and animals are extended. The main aim of animals and individuals treatment is to promote healthy living standards free from infection of germs. However, some of the diseases are rare nowadays, but their vaccination is very crucial to eliminate their possibility to attack people and animals. Disease occurrences are different in different areas of the world. Treatment makes the body of the victim strong to fight any disease that may arise in the future. Spreading of disease among the animals and people can be prevented through vaccination, and this reduces the growth of the disease. Protection helps individuals and animals in the following ways; it prevents infection of illness as noted in the above instances. Some people may not be vaccinated and through vaccination diseases of other person is minimized.
Sickness among people and animals is on the rise, and through vaccinations, it is reduced to significant percentages. People can enjoy fun moments with their families like traveling without experiencing any challenges of pain. Animals and individuals can live healthy lives and also reproduce healthy offspring. Sickness may lead to usage of massive finances to cure the disease, and therefore vaccination eliminates this costs among the people. The excess money can be used in more beneficial activities. A serious illness that may cause disability or deaths among the people may be prevented through vaccinations thus making it very essential. No person wishes to get sick and experience pain thus treatment eradicates the pain among the people. Peace of mind is imperative to ensure execution of duties by a person. Diseases inhibit the thinking clearly of a person thus reduces their output, and through vaccination, they are assured of positive growth and development of their minds and body thus able to tackle challenges effectively.
Finally, prevention in the world have been very efficient, and in some countries it is mandatory. Some diseases such as smallpox have been eradicated permanently through the use of vaccines, but still, people get vaccinated to avoid any future attack by the disease. Prevention, eradication, control of infection, Control of mortality & morbidity, reduce disease severity and protect the unvaccinated populations of people and animals are the main reasons for vaccination. However, for prevention to be effective, it must be done by the authorized officer with knowledge and skills and be done in the timely manner which is effective. Vaccines must be safe for both the people and animal and not expose them to more danger of diseases infections. All governments have a duty to ensure that their people and their animals are vaccinated against deadly diseases. There are also organizations like the World Heathy Organization (WHO) that help in eradicating diseases globally by finding their cure through intensive research. All people and animals must get vaccinated which is a universal duty to be able to live a healthy life.