USDC History Chapter 15 Midterm Review

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Which answer best explains the fall of the plantation during Reconstruction as a viable economic entity of the South?
a. Union troops had destroyed many of them during the Civil War.
b. They were abolished as an institution when the Radicals took over Congress.
c. Once a state was emancipated, its ready pool of workers disappeared.
d. Due to the death toll during the war, there were not enough able-bodied men to
work the fields once the war had ended.
e. Cotton prices fell after the war due to increased competition from England.

c

Abraham Lincoln
a. supported the Wade-Davis Bill.
b. was a Radical Republican.
c. wanted to punish the South once the Civil War ended.
d. wished to reduce presidential authority in the postwar period.
e. ultimately stated that southern states had never left the Union.

e

This was created to assist the newly freed slaves in acclimating to their new status.
a. Ku Klux Klan
b. The Knights of the Golden Circle
c. African American churches
d. The Freedmen’s Bureau
e. Congressional Reconstruction

d

Immediately after the end of the Civil War, many freedmen
a. sought out lost family members.
b. engaged in terroristic attacks against their former owners.
c. refused to work.
d. immigrated to the North.
e. began to negotiate their contracts with plantation owners in the area.

a

As president, Andrew Johnson
a. favored complete legal equality for freedmen and freedwomen.
b. worked closely with the Radical Republican Congress.
c. believed in the goal of Reconstruction.
d. was prejudiced and combative.
e. wished to elevate wealthy southerners to positions of power in his government.

d

Which answer explains a problem the federal government had with implementing the Emancipation Proclamation after the Civil War?
a. It implied that freedmen would be eligible for citizenship, but that was a state
right.
b. It forced equality between African Americans and Anglos in all aspects of society
c. It called for each former slave to be given a section of land that had to be taken
from someone else.
d. It applied only to the northern states.
e. The Supreme Court overruled it in its Dred Scott decision.

a

Many southern state legislatures reacted to the new rights given to the freedmen by
a. accepting them.
b. establishing "black codes" to stifle them
c. refusing to write new constitutions
d. attempting to nullify the acts of Congress that created them
e. withdrawing their delegations from Washington, D.C., in protest

b

What role did the election of 1866 play in shaping Reconstruction?
a. It gave the Radical Republicans a veto-proof majority in Congress.
b. It gave the Liberal Republicans a veto-proof majority in Congress.
c. It saw the first African American Representative elected to Congress.
d. It showed that the North had grown weary of the problems in the South.
e. It gave President Johnson a free hand in running Reconstruction.

a

After the Civil War, many African American communities began to establish
a. cooperative associations to assist them in shared duties.
b. schools to educate their children.
c. banks to assist in loans to African Americans.
d. general stores to provide formerly forbidden goods.
e. hospitals.

b

What was a major setback for freedmen trying to obtain their own land during Reconstruction?
a. Very little land was available to purchase.
b. They were allowed to purchase land in only designated areas.
c. There were very few banks in the South to give them loans.
d. State law forbid them from owning land.
e. They did not have an understanding of what it took to run a farm, and many lost
their land to foreclosure.

c

Due to Reconstruction in the South, this group would travel to the area to fill the vacancies in the state governments for which their own citizens were forbidden.
a. Scalawags
b. Yankees
c. Carpetbaggers
d. Redeemers
e. Bourbons

c

What did not influence the North’s desire to see Reconstruction ended in the late 1870s?
a. The rise of the Liberal Republicans in Congress
b. The increase in violence in the South by the Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
c. The scandals of the Grant administration
d. The work of white supremacists to defeat black and Republican morale for it
e. The continued successes in the growth of literacy of African Americans

e

What did not play a role in the development of Reconstruction in the South?
a. Lincoln’s assassination
b. The election of 1864
c. The veto of the Wade-Davis Bill
d. The creation of the Ku Klux Klan to protect Southerners from the federal government and the freedmen
e. The creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau

d

The Ku Klux Klan’s official creation was to protect the South from all but
a. freedmen.
b. scalawags.
c. carpetbaggers.
d. ex-Confederates.
e. Union soldiers.

d

During Grant’s presidency, Republicans
a. were hopeful and politically involved.
b. sought to separate the races
c. were tired of corruption and incompetence.
d. wanted to expand the president’s powers.
e. were united in their goals.

c

Which statement best describes the desires of Radical Republicans in the postwar period?
a. Radical Republicans wished for a quick and lenient Reconstruction plan for the
South.
b. Radical Republicans believed that southern states had never actually left the
Union and no plan was needed.
c. Radical Republicans wished to punish the South and lift up newly freed men and
women.
d. Radical Republicans trusted the returning Democratic politicians unconditionally.
e. Radical Republicans believed that the president should make all decisions
regarding Reconstructions.

c

The presidency of Republican Ulysses S. Grant was characterized by
a. extreme competency and cooperation with the Democrats.
b. scandals at the highest ranks of national government.
c. bipartisanship and financial stability.
d. continuous and committed effort to end racial violence.
e. skilled handling of the debt crisis.

b

During Reconstruction, paper money
a. was favored by all Americans over hard currency.
b. was called greenbacks.
c. was the preferred method of repayment for creditors.
d. was discontinued.
e. was also referred to as sound money.

b

Which president played the greatest role in ensuring that freedmen were protected during Reconstruction?
a. Lincoln
b. Johnson
c. Grant
d. Hayes
e. Taft

c

The Compromise of 1877
a. placed the Republicans in a strong political position.
b. helped freedmen.
c. made Tilden president.
d. angered all Americans.
e. removed federal troops from the South and left freedmen vulnerable.

d

At the end of Reconstruction
a. blacks and whites were economically equal.
b. blacks and whites were socially equal.
c. blacks were in a better position legally and slavery had ended.
d. there were no changes for blacks as a result of the Civil War and Reconstruction.
e. blacks had been elevated above whites.

c

The Fourteenth Amendment
a. protected black male suffrage.
b. made it clear blacks were citizens.
c. gave states more power.
d. was not important.
e. was obeyed in all southern states.

b

The Fifteenth Amendment
a. gave women suffrage.
b. gave Native Americans the right to vote.
c. provided for universal manhood suffrage.
d. outraged Radical Republicans.
e. was easily accepted by Americans.

c

Congressional Reconstruction
a. achieved all of its intended goals.
b. was neither truly radical nor truly reconstruction.
c. created true racial equality.
d. was put forward by the Democratic Party.
e. dramatically transformed the South.

b

After the Compromise of 1877
a. segregation became common in the South.
b. blacks saw major economic gains everywhere.
c. freedmen came to political power in all southern states.
d. the South wished to forgive and forget regarding the Civil War.
e. the South recovered quickly.

a

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