US History unit 6

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Which was part of Reagan’s political agenda as he campaigned for the presidency in 1980?

decreasing the size of the federal government

During his campaign, Ronald Reagan called for a constitutional amendment to reverse Roe v. Wade. What group of voters responded most positively to Reagan’s position on this issue?

conservative Christians

Which of the following were items of Reagan’s plan for pulling the United States out of its economic slump?

lowering income taxes

What were some of the outcomes of the deregulation of private enterprise?

Savings and loan institutions made risky loans and many borrowers defaulted.

To which Central American and Caribbean countries did Reagan send weapons, troops, money, or advisers to support anti-communist activities?

El Salvador, Nicaragua, Grenada

How did Gorbachev and Reagan dramatically change the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union?

The two leaders met face to face for serious arms-reduction talks.

Which was not a reason for Carter’s low approval ratings in 1980?
a) economic problems
b) lack of confidence in the president
c) Camp David Accords
d) Iran hostage crisis

Camp david accords

Besides lower taxes and smaller government, what did Ronald Reagan’s political agenda include?

a strong military

Why did some traditionally Democratic groups help elect Ronald Reagan president in 1980?

Reagan promised to ease their tax burden.

Which was not an issue in the 1980 election?
social programs
the economy
confidence in the leadership
hostages in Iran

Social programs

What was a key element of Reagan’s plan to meet the economic crisis in 1981?

raising interest rates to curb inflation

What was one benefit some economists believed would result from supply-side economics?

more jobs as individuals and businesses spent their tax savings

Which was not an economic issue associated with Reaganomics?
large budget deficits
increased inequality between rich and poor
tripling of the national debt
increased inflation

Increases inflation

What happened after the Reagan administration loosened regulations on savings and loan institutions (S&Ls)?

Many S&Ls made bad loans and went bankrupt.

What was one result of environmental deregulation during the Reagan years?

Millions of acres of public land were opened to private drilling, mining, and logging.

Why were many conservatives in favor of government deregulation?

They thought the number of regulations had become excessive and hurt businesses.

Who is Sandra Day O’Connor?

the first woman Supreme Court justice

What was the difference between traditional views of the Cold War and Reagan’s view of it?

Reagan wanted to eliminate communism, not merely contain it.

Who did not protest communism?
Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov
British prime minister Margaret Thatcher
Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev
Lech Walesa and Solidarity

Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev

What was the Reagan Doctrine?

a program to oppose communism in all circumstances

Which was not a place where the United States took action to support the Reagan Doctrine?
Nicaragua
Venezuela
Lebanon
Grenada

Venezuela

What was Ronald Reagan’s weapons strategy?

a conventional and nuclear military buildup that the Soviets could not afford

Who was Mikhail Gorbachev?

a Soviet leader who wanted to restructure the Soviet economy

How did reforms in the Soviet Union affect relations with the United States?

Talks were held and an arms limitation strategy was agreed upon.

In the Iran-Contra scandal, Reagan administration officials secretly sold weapons to Iran in a failed attempt to gain the release of American hostages. That activity violated U.S. policy. What did the Reagan aides do with the money from the arms sale?

In violation of U.S. law, they secretly used it to aid rebels in Nicaragua.

Which group was not part of the Iran-Contra scandal?Hamas in Israel
Hezbollah in Lebanon
Iranian government
Nicaraguan rebels

Hamas in Israel

Which area is generally considered Ronald Reagan’s most positive legacy?

the Cold War

Which group lists events in the fall of communism in Europe in the correct order?

Group A- -Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the leader of the Soviet Union and introduces new policies – Eastern European nations begin rewriting their constitutions – The Berlin Wall comes down – The soviet union dissolves

Which event did not occur during George H.W. Bush’s presidency?
the fall of the Soviet Union
the Persian Gulf War
the Iran-Contra scandal
the reunification of Germany

the Iran-Contra scandal

How did the work of Steve Jobs and Bill Gates change the world?

The two men made computers accessible to the general public.

Which country was partitioned into a Muslim-Croat region and a Serbian region by the Dayton Peace Accords?

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Which country has been encouraged by the United States to become energy-independent from Russia?

Georgia

What term did the U.S. Census Bureau use to classify Mexican Americans, Dominican Americans, and Cuban Americans?

Hispanic

Which was not a U.S. business practice in the late twentieth century?
a) moving physical production operations to other countries
b) using computer networking to bring together teams of people around the globe
c) establishing contracts solely with countries where English is the major language
d) using labor outside the company to provide certain services

establishing contracts solely with countries where English is the major language

Which group represents arguments for free trade?

Group A- – Consumers have a larger variety of good and services to choose from – U.S companies should be forced to keep prices low – a better climate is created for investment and entrepreneurship

Which of the following is not true of NAFTA?
-NAFTA has created American jobs.
-NAFTA has suppressed U.S. wages.
-NAFTA has provided funds for environmental projects.
-NAFTA has helped America’s manufacturing base.

NAFTA has suppressed U.S wages.

What is one challenge in interpreting recent history and contemporary events?

difficulty in gaining historical perspective on the recent past

What first transformed the Internet into an information superhighway?

the world-wide web

Which was not a change in American business practices during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries?
-outsourcing services overseas
-globalization
-obtaining credit from banks
-offshoring production of goods

obtaining credit from banks

Where have the largest number of immigrants to the United States come from since 1990?

Latin america and northern america

In the election of 1992, an incumbent president lost to a former Rhodes Scholar, largely because of economic issues. What was the outcome of that election?

George H.W. Bush lost to Bill Clinton.

What was not part of Clinton’s domestic agenda?
-allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military
-health care for all
-the Family and Medical Leave Act
-appointing significant numbers of women to key positions

allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military

What was an argument in favor of NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement?

It would support economic growth throughout North America.

What conflict had developed between President Clinton and congressional Republicans by 1994?

The Republicans wanted more cuts in social spending.

What was the purpose of the Kyoto Protocol?

to reduce the effects of greenhouse gas emissions on global warming

What decision did the United States make about the Kyoto Protocol?

The U.S. delegation signed it, but it was never submitted to the Senate for approval.

Which of the following was not one of the cultural issues debated widely during the 1990s?
-gay and lesbian rights
-abortion
-gun control
-African American rights

African American rights

President Clinton was impeached for lying in court and obstructing justice. Why was he not removed from office?
-The Senate vote ended in a tie, and Vice President Gore broke it by voting against removal.
-The Supreme Court did not reach a two-thirds majority opinion.
-The Senate did not reach a two-thirds majority vote in favor of removal from office.
-Senate Republicans agreed with the majority of Americans who approved of Clinton’s job performance.

-The Senate did not reach a two-thirds majority vote in favor of removal from office.

With which country has the United States had peaceful relations for 60 years as of 2009?

Jordan

What industry makes up a substantial part of Afghanistan’s economy?

opium

Which Middle Eastern country exports more oil than any other nation?

Saudi Arabia

On which country did the United States mandate penalties for being a sponsor and a safe haven for terrorist organizations?

Syria

Which country’s relationship with the United States improved after 2001 when the country agreed to support the United States in eliminating the Taliban in Afghanistan and in the war on terrorism?

Pakistan

What was the Clinton administration’s response to the crisis in Rwanda?

The administration chose not to act.

Who received the most votes (popular, not electoral) nationwide in the 2000 presidential election?

Al Gore

Where was Osama Bin Laden born?

Saudi Arabia

What legislation did President Bush sign shortly after the September 11 attacks that raised concerns about possible violations of civil rights?

Patriot Act

Arguments for the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 include all of the following except
-intelligence reports indicated that Saddam Hussein had aided and harbored terrorists.
-intelligence reports indicated that Iraq was planning a major terrorist attack in the United States.
-some believed a free, stable, and democratic Iraq was vital to U.S. foreign policy interests.
-not to invade would have made the United States appear weak on terrorism.

intelligence reports indicated that Iraq was planning a major terrorist attack in the United States.

What was the main criticism of the federal government in the wake of Hurricane Katrina?

FEMA did not act quickly enough to provide food and water to victims after the storm.

In which foreign crisis did President Clinton commit U.S. troops to lead a multinational force to restore a democratically elected president and eventually send former President Carter to negotiate?

Haiti

What nationality were the terrorists that blew up the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City?

American

The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision not to allow a vote recount in Florida led to __________ winning the 2000 presidential election.

George W. Bush

Which of the following was not a domestic policy initiative of the George W. Bush administration?
-faith-based initiatives
-major tax cut
-No Child Left Behind Act
-federal funding for stem-cell research

-federal funding for stem-cell research

What was the main constitutional issue regarding Bush’s claims to executive privilege?

Bush’s interpretations of executive privilege endangered the principle of the separation of powers.

What two structures were the targets of Islamic extremists on September 11, 2001?

Pentagon; World Trade Center

Which of the following was a goal of the terrorist group that carried out the attacks of September 11, 2001?

topple pro-Western governments in the Middle East

What brutal and repressive fundamentalist Islamic regime came to power in Afghanistan and demanded strict adherence to Islamic law?

Taliban

All of the following were responses by the United States to terrorist attacks both at home and abroad except
-the Patriot Act was signed into law and became controversial.
-U.S.-led forces invaded Afghanistan, overthrew the Taliban, and searched for Bin Laden.
-the United States suspended constitutional rights of Americans of Middle Eastern descent.
-the Department of Homeland Security was created as a new cabinet-level agency.

the United States suspended constitutional rights of Americans of Middle Eastern descent.

Which of the following was an argument for the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003?

Intelligence reports indicated Iraq was seeking to acquire or make weapons of mass destruction.

Which of the following best describes the initial progress of the war in Iraq?

Coalition soldiers met little resistance, and the war’s mission had been achieved in six weeks.

As the war in Iraq continued, more and more people became opposed to the war. Which of the following is not a reason for this opposition?

U.S. forces were having success in capturing al-Qaeda members.

Which of the following describes a Bush administration accomplishment in foreign policy in Africa?

The United States threatened diplomatic sanctions against the Sudanese government.

Why was the federal government criticized in the wake of Hurricane Katrina?

FEMA did not respond quickly enough after the storm had passed through the region.

The following were major issues in the 2008 presidential election except
-a scandal involving several U.S. senators and a major oil company.
-an emerging economic crisis.
-McCain’s age and Obama’s inexperience in foreign affairs.
-the continuing war in Iraq.

a scandal involving several U.S. senators and a major oil company.

The election of 2008 was groundbreaking in several ways, including the fact that

the two top Democratic candidates included a woman and an African American.

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