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US History- The Middle Colonies

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Why did William Penn advertise his new colony of Pennsylvania in Europe?

A. He wanted people to see it because it was so beautiful.
B. It was the first English settlement in North America.
C. He needed to attract new settlers so his colony would be successful.

C. He needed to attract new settlers so his colony would be successful.

According to the advertisement, why should people move to Pennsylvania?

A. to find freedom
B. to clear the wooded areas
C. to benefit from the climate and landscape

C. to benefit from the climate and landscape

What was the significance of Maryland’s Act of Toleration? Check all of the boxes that apply.

A. It did away with religion in Maryland.
B. It protected the rights of all Christians.
C. It established a separation between church and state.
D. It was a predecessor of the First Amendment to the US Constitution.

B. It protected the rights of all Christians. C. It established a separation between church and state. D. It was a predecessor of the First Amendment to the US Constitution.

Maryland’s most important crop was _____ .

Tobacco

_______ worked the fields.

Indentured servants

Many workers died from ______ .

disease

How did the proprietor system benefit both the ruler and the proprietor?

A. The ruler earned money and the proprietor got land without having to pay for it.
B. The ruler could put people he trusted in charge of land in the Americas, and the proprietors were free of government control.
C. The proprietor could rely on the ruler to ensure the colony had enough settlers and money to succeed.

A. The ruler earned money and the proprietor got land without having to pay for it.

William Penn was the ______ of Pennsylvania.

proprietor

Pennsylvania became home for many _____ .

Quakers

Settlers in Pennsylvania had a ______ relationship with American Indians.

friendly

How did the Dutch West India Company get new settlers to move to New Netherland?

A. by paying off their debts
B. by offering them religious freedom
C. by providing free passage across the Atlantic
D. by giving away free land

D. by giving away free land

Which of these statements is true of life in New Netherland before the English arrived?
Check all of the boxes that apply.

A. Slavery was forbidden.
B. The colony had a profitable fur trade.
C. New Amsterdam became an independent city.
D. The Dutch West India Company had the power to appoint leaders.

B. The colony had a profitable fur trade. C. New Amsterdam became an independent city. D. The Dutch West India Company had the power to appoint leaders.

Which religion had the most active congregations in New Jersey in 1765?

Presbyterian

How many Quaker congregations were there in 1765?

39

There were the same number of Church of England congregations in New Jersey as _________ congregations.

Dutch Reformed

For each statement, identify whether it is a benefit of living in the colony or a drawback.

The land is fertile.

Benefit

For each statement, identify whether it is a benefit of living in the colony or a drawback.

We miss our old friends.

Drawback

For each statement, identify whether it is a benefit of living in the colony or a drawback.

My father owns the land we farm.

Benefit

For each statement, identify whether it is a benefit of living in the colony or a drawback.

We are free to practice our religion.

Benefit

For each statement, identify whether it is a benefit of living in the colony or a drawback.

Sometimes I feel afraid of the vast wilderness.

Drawback

What seems to be the purpose of this document that was written by William Penn?

"II. The air is sweet and clear ….. Your kind cordial friend, William Penn"

A. to ensure people have an accurate view of Pennsylvania
B. to inform people about the dangers of Pennsylvania
C. to encourage people to move to Pennsylvania

C. to encourage people to move to Pennsylvania

According to Penn, the sky is almost always _____ .

clear and sunny

According to the text, what benefits would a colonist enjoy by moving to Pennsylvania?

"The air is sweet and clear, the heavens serene, like the south parts of France, rarely overcast…
The waters are generally good, for the rivers and brooks have mostly gravel and stony bottoms…
The natural produce of the country, of vegetables, is trees, fruits, plants, flowers…"

Check all of the boxes that apply.

A. a wide variety of fruits and vegetables
B. plenty of water
C. the right amount of rainfall

A. a wide variety of fruits and vegetables B. plenty of water

Read the underlined text. In this section, a "lot" is the land given to settlers upon their arrival.

"…Your city lot is a whole street and one side of a street, from river to river, containing near one hundred acres, not easily valued, which is, besides your four hundred acres in the city liberties, part of your twenty thousand acres in the country……."

According to the text, how large a plot are settlers given altogether?

20,000 acres

What else do all city lots have access to?
Check all of the boxes that apply.

A. water
B. a street
C. free labor

A. water B. a street

Read the underlined text. (<– In bold)

"…Your city lot is a whole street and one side of a street, from river to river, containing near one hundred acres,NOT EASILY VALUED, which is, besides your four hundred acres in the city liberties, part of your twenty thousand acres in the country……."

Penn is saying that the city lots are ____ .

extremely valuable

What "selling point" about Pennsylvania does this painting show?

A. American Indians served as indentured and enslaved labor.
B. There were peaceful relations with American Indians.
C. American Indians competed with settlers for use of the land.

B. There were peaceful relations with American Indians.

The Dutch West India Company wanted to establish a colony in North America to

A. expand its trading empire.
B. enjoy religious freedom.
C. encourage Catholics to leave Holland.
D. form a representative democracy.

A. expand its trading empire.

The colony of Maryland was established to create

A. a place where English Roman Catholics could be safe.
B. a colony that was independent from England.
C. a place for debtors get gain a fresh start.
D. plantations to grow sugar and cotton.

A. a place where English Roman Catholics could be safe.

Both Pennsylvania and Maryland were founded to provide

A. religious tolerance.
B. a refuge for Catholics.
C. a refuge for Quakers.
D. aid to poor debtors.

A. religious tolerance.

Which middle colony was originally founded by the Dutch?

A. New York
B. Pennsylvania
C. Maryland
D. Virginia

A. New York

Tobacco played an important economic role in which of the following middle colonies?

A. Maryland
B. New York
C. New Jersey
D. Pennsylvania

A. Maryland

In 1664, Britain sent warships to take over which of the following colonies?

A. New Netherland
B. Pennsylvania
C. Maryland
D. Virginia

A. New Netherland

The Duke of York split New Netherland into which of the following two colonies?

A. New York and New Jersey
B. New York and Pennsylvania
C. New York and Maryland
D. New York and Connecticut

A. New York and New Jersey

Why did some residents in New Netherland welcome the British takeover of their colony?

A. They resented the policies of Stuyvesant’s government.
B. They wanted to build a stronger trading empire.
C. They wanted the right to have enslaved workers.
D. They resented sharing their profits with the Dutch king.

A. They resented the policies of Stuyvesant’s government.

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