US History Chapter 6

Total Word Count: 2611
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1) The best definition of republican, as it was understood in the late 1700s, was A) a government without monarchy or aristocracy.
B) a new political party.
C) a continuation of the British monarchy.
D) a strong central government.
E) "one man, one vote."

a

2) In the 1780s, Americans disagreed sharply over the relative importance of A) good and evil.
B) republicanism and tyranny.
C) current cultural trends and traditional values.
D) faith and skepticism.
E) liberty and order.

e

3) Compared with the French, Russian, and Chinese Revolutions, The American Revolution could be characterized as
A) much more radical and violent.
B) about the same in terms of the degree of change.
C) less defined in terms of the needs of the people. D) more tame and less wrenching.
E) happening much more quickly.

d

4) The law permitting a man to pass on his entire estate to his eldest son was known as A) access.
B) primogeniture.
C) federalism.
D) land tenure.
E) the law of entail.

b

5) The uproar surrounding the formation of the Society of the Cincinnati was triggered by A) public fears that this was the beginning of an hereditary peerage America.
B) angry women, since membership was exclusively male.
C) religious leaders who felt the society was pagan in its rituals.
D) parents who feared the consequences of young men and women meeting without chaperones. E) southerners who questioned the society’s anti-slavery stance.

a

6) Which of the following was NOT a result of the American Revolution? A) the end of primogeniture
B) disestablishment of the Anglican Church in several southern states
C) abolition of slavery in several southern states
D) reductions in the minimum property requirement for voting E) the continued uneven distribution of wealth

c

7) The most obvious contradiction to the principles expressed in the founding of the American republic was
A) the way it treated women.
B) its failure to allow businessmen a say in planning the nation’s future.
C) the continued existence of slavery in much of the nation.
D) the fact that some states continued to require property as a prerequisite for voting. E) its failure to address matters of religion.

c

8) ________ caused the most important changes in voting patterns in the immediate post-war years.
A) The tremendous loss of male lives
B) Western migration
C) The dramatically increased standard of living
D) The Articles of Confederation
E) The movement of state capitals to more central locations

b

9) The leading African-American scientist and mathematician in early America was A) John Woolman.
B) Richard Allen.
C) Benjamin Banneker.
D) Sojourner Truth.
E) Phillis Wheatley.

c

10) Even before achieving statehood, ________ prohibited slavery in its constitution. A) Connecticut
B) New Jersey
C) Massachusetts
D) Pennsylvania
E) Vermont

e

11) With respect to women, the political ideology of The American Revolution A) had little interest for them.
B) brought dramatic changes in their lifestyles and opportunities.
C) caused them to be more assertive about their roles in the family.
D) gave them the right to participate actively in government. E) brought them together to demand suffrage.

c

13) How many states did not have to draft new constitutions, since they already had republican governments as part of their colonial charters?
A) none
B) one
C) two
D) three
E) four

c

14) An important fact about the Americans who wrote the first state constitutions was that they A) totally rejected British traditions and ideas in creating them.
B) demanded written documents.
C) refused to include bills of rights.
D) made the constitutions vague and imprecise where basic rights were concerned. E) followed the example of the British constitution.

b

15) Most new state constitutions after The American Revolution A) strengthened the power of the governors.
B) weakened the power of the legislature.
C) avoided the creation of a written constitution.
D) included Declarations of Rights.
E) affirmed the freedom of speech and press but not of religion.

d

16) Which of the following was NOT typical of the post-revolutionary state constitutions? A) that they claimed the people at large as the basis of political authority
B) the inclusion of specific guarantees of rights
C) the office of governor being either reduced or eliminated entirely
D) the fact that they were written documents E) the use of bicameral legislatures

a

17) John Dickinson’s 1776 plan for a new United States government revolved around the concept of
A) a weak central government.
B) extremely powerful state governments.
C) unification with Canada.
D) a strong central government. E) a centralized banking system.

d

18) The Articles of Confederation
A) gave too much power to the central government.
B) provided for state representation by population.
C) jealously guarded state sovereignty at the expense of national power. D) created a powerful presidency.
E) changed little from first draft to final document.

c

19) The controversy which delayed ratification of the Articles of Confederation involved A) slavery.
B) the disposition of western lands.
C) American relations with European countries.
D) regulating trade with British manufacturers. E) boundaries between the states.

b

20) Which of the following was NOT a criticism of American government under The Articles of Confederation?
A) that it failed to deal with the nation’s economic problems
B) that it gave too much power to a central government
C) that it failed to adequately confront threats from Britain and Spain along U.S. borders D) that it was unable to deal with the country’s fiscal instability
E) that its single legislative body gave some states an unfair advantage

b

21) He was considered the most important political figure of the Confederation period. A) James Madison
B) Robert Morris
C) Alexander Hamilton
D) Benjamin Franklin
E) John Hancock

b

22) The most important accomplishment of Congress under The Articles of Confederation was its
A) disposition of the Florida border problem with Spain.
B) passage of ordinances organizing the Northwest Territory.
C) management of the nation’s financial affairs.
D) rejection of British demands for territory along the country’s borders with Canada.
E) set of rules for interstate trade and tariffs.

b

23) Under the terms of the ________, an orderly process for laying out lands and towns in the western territory was established.
A) Land Ordinance of 1785
B) Northwest Ordinance of 1787
C) Proclamation of 1763
D) Cumberland Agreement
E) Ordinance of 1784

a

24) The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
A) defined the process by which a territory became a state. B) provided for the surveying of the Northwest Territory. C) ignored the basic rights of settlers in the region.
D) specifically allowed slavery to exist in the region.
E) was one of the first acts passed under the Confederation.

a

25) During the Confederation period, nationalists were people who
A) supported The Articles of Confederation.
B) believed the national government was too powerful.
C) called for major constitutional reforms that would strengthen the national government. D) believed the states deserved more power.
E) wanted to maintain close ties to England.

c

26) The Newburgh Conspiracy involved
A) discontented officers of the Continental Army.
B) supporters of The Articles of Confederation.
C) those who believed The Articles gave too much power to the national government. D) individuals dissatisfied with the military leadership of George Washington.
E) French soldiers who had not been paid.

a

27) The proposed Jay-Gardoqui Treaty would have
A) repealed The Articles of Confederation.
B) postponed free navigation of the Mississippi River for twenty-five years. C) expelled British soldiers from forts in the Northwest.
D) established a military alliance with Spain.
E) paid Continental Army officers the pensions they were owed.

b

28) The European philosopher whose ideas supported the theory of state sovereignty was A) Locke.
B) Montesquieu.
C) Voltaire.
D) Machiavelli.
E) Rousseau.

b

29) The most brilliant American political theorist of the post-revolutionary period was A) James Madison.
B) George Washington.
C) John Locke.
D) John Adams.
E) Thomas Jefferson.

a

30) The most important result of the Annapolis Meeting of 1786 was
A) that it added support for The Articles of Confederation.
B) the establishment of new, more efficient trade regulations for the United States.
C) the settlement of problems involving Spain’s control of the Mississippi River.
D) the nationalists’ recommendation to Congress for a convention to revise The Articles of Confederation.
E) the growing political power and influence of James Madison.

d

32) Shays’s Rebellion involved
A) discontented New England merchants.
B) western settlers demanding Indian territory.
C) supporters of freer trade with Great Britain.
D) discontented farmers in Massachusetts.
E) Continental Army officers who had been denied their pensions.

d

shay’s rebellion

Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787, protesting mortgage foreclosures. It highlighted the need for a strong national government just as the call for the Constitutional Convention went out.

33) The Constitutional Convention took place in A) 1778.
B) 1781.
C) 1787.
D) 1791.
E) 1793.

c

34) Under his intellectual guidance, the Constitutional Convention formed a new government. A) Robert Morris
B) Alexander Hamilton
C) James Madison
D) Benjamin Franklin
E) Thomas Jefferson

c

35) An important procedural decision approved at the opening of the Constitutional Convention involved
A) publicizing the convention’s meetings and debates.
B) its refusal to allow the small states to present their plans for constitutional revisions.
C) the decision to keep deliberations as secret as possible.
D) the election of James Madison as chairman.
E) the requirement of a plurality rather than a simple majority to implement changes.

c

36) The Virginian was the handiwork of A) William Ruffin.
B) Patrick Henry.
C) Thomas Jefferson.
D) Ben Franklin.
E) James Madison.

e

37) The plan proposed by William Paterson
A) gave too much power to the national government.
B) proposed a two-house national legislature.
C) represented the wishes of the smaller states.
D) was strongly supported by Madison and his colleagues. E) denied Congress power to tax or regulate trade.

c

38) The ________ proposed a unicameral Congress in which the states would be represented equally.
A) Virginian
B) "three-fifths rule"
C) Connecticutian
D) Franklin Compromise
E) New Jersey Plan

e

39) The compromise which resolved the dispute between the large and the small states included each of the following EXCEPT
A) the states would be equally represented in the upper house.
B) all bills pertaining to taxation or spending would begin in the upper house.
C) the states would be proportionally represented according to population in the lower house. D) slave-holding states could count sixty percent of their slaves for purposes of representation. E) in the lower house, at the beginning, there would be one representative for every 30,000 inhabitants.

b

40) The three-fifths rule concerned the issue of
A) slavery.
B) the number of branches in the national government.
C) checks and balances.
D) presidential power.
E) the number of votes required in the House to pass legislation.

a

41) At the Constitutional Convention, the question of slavery
A) caused few real problems.
B) generally saw northerners willing to support southern concerns.
C) threatened to disrupt and destroy the work of the convention.
D) found the southern delegates eager to compromise on most significant arguments. E) was resolved, but left the South at a disadvantage.

c

42) Regarding slavery, one of the Constitutional Convention’s most important decisions A) allowed the slave trade to continue indefinitely.
B) permitted Congress to outlaw the importation of slaves in 1808.
C) provided for an immediate end to the importation of African slaves.
D) declared slavery to be illegal as of 1808.
E) declared that slaves could not be purchased in the U.S. after 1808.

b

43) The proposed new Constitution of 1787 called for the election of a president by A) a direct vote of the people.
B) the state legislatures.
C) an electoral college.
D) the federal congress.
E) the Senate.

c

44) In order for the Constitution to be accepted,
A) nine state legislatures needed to ratify it.
B) a unanimous vote among the states needed to occur. C) nine state conventions needed to ratify it.
D) the public needed to ratify it.
E) three-fifths of all state legislators needed to ratify it.

a

45) Those who campaigned actively for ratification of the Constitution were called A) Nationalists.
B) Federalists.
C) Constitutionalists.
D) States’ Righters.
E) Antifederalists.

b

46) Those who opposed ratification of the Constitution were called A) Antifederalists
B) Federalists.
C) States’ Righters.
D) Radicals.
E) Nationalists.

a

47) The first state to ratify the new Constitution was A) South Carolina.
B) Massachusetts.
C) Delaware.
D) New Hampshire.
E) Rhode Island.

c

48) The Federalist was a series of essays written by A) Washington and Adams.
B) Thomas Jefferson.
C) Madison, Hamilton, and Jay.
D) Randolph and Franklin.
E) Madison, Jefferson, and Hamilton.

c

49) Federalists can be closely associated with
A) a desire to preserve The Articles of Confederation.
B) proposing that the Bill of Rights be added to the Constitution. C) the idea of a strong central government.
D) the idea of states’ rights.
E) the early abolition movement.

c

50) A major fear of the Antifederalists was that
A) voters would be too distanced from their representatives.
B) voters would have too much direct contact and, thus, influence on their representatives. C) voters would corrupt their national representatives.
D) national representatives would rely too consistently on local voters for their ideas and decisions.
E) the average voter was not educated enough to make good decisions.

a

51) The Constitution was ratified
A) easily in all the major states.
B) by close votes in the major states.
C) with little opposition from farmers.
D) with great opposition from artisans and merchants. E) within eight months.

b

52) The author of the original proposal for the Bill of Rights was A) Patrick Henry.
B) George Washington.
C) Alexander Hamilton.
D) James Madison.
E) Thomas Jefferson.

d

T/F: Under the terms of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, slavery was explicitly allowed in the Northwest Territory.

f

T/F: Most new state constitutions dramatically increased the power of state governors.

f

T/F: Americans understood the need for fiscal responsibility after the Revolution.

f

T/F: Most prominent political figures supported the Constitution.

t

T/F: Shays’s Rebellion demonstrated the ability of the national government to maintain order and stability in the United States.

f

T/F: After the American Revolution, several northern states abolished slavery.

t

T/F: After the American Revolution, African-Americans in the North enjoyed equal treatment before the law.

f

T/F: After the American Revolution, state governments insisted that their new state constitutions be specific, written documents.

t

T/F: The Bill of Rights became law just before the Constitution was ratified.

f

T/F: James Madison had much to do with writing the Constitution but nothing to do with writing the Bill of Rights.

f

Land Ordinance

A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.

Northwest Ordinance

Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states

Virginia Plan

Virginia delegate James Madison’s plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population

New jersey Plan

New Jersey delegate William Paterson’s plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress

Name on weakness in the national Government under the Articles of Confederation

Bill of Rights

Phillis Wheatley

african-American female poet/writer she wrote the first book published by an African-American in 1777

law forcing a man to pass on an entire estate to his eldest son

primogeniture

a law that punished a person for an act that was legal when it is done

ex post facto law

3 freedoms granted under the Bill of rights

freedom of speech, bear arms, religion, press

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