US History Chapter 29 -The Vietnam War Era-

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What was the main difference between Doves and Hawks regarding U.S. presence in Vietnam?

Doves opposed war and favored decreased military spending. Hawks supported war and favored increased military spending.

By the end of 1965, most American soldiers in Vietnam

had been drafted.

What occurred at My Lai?

American forces killed hundreds of Vietnamese civilians

President Nixon ordered the secret bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Cambodia to

reduce the flow of communist supplies.

In 1970, President Nixon tried to break the stalemate in the peace process by

ordering a ground attack on Vietcong bases in Cambodia.

Why was the Tet Offensive considered a turning point in the Vietnam War?

The TET offensive damaged American morale because it demonstrated that the communists had not lost the will or ability to fight

During the Vietnam War, African American soldiers were

more likely than others to serve in a combat position.

What 1968 event caused U.S. military leaders to be concerned that a quick end to the war was not possible?

The U.S. military suffered a major strategic blow in the Tet Offensive

American soldiers used Agent Orange to

disrupt the enemy food supply.

Which of the following best describes the Vietcong’s war strategy?

Fight small skirmishes

What did the Pentagon Papers reveal?

American leaders misled the Congress and American people about the war

President Johnson escalated American involvement in Vietnam by

ordering airstrikes and commiting troops.

In March 1968, what surprising announcement did President Johnson make to the American people?

He would not run for another term as president

President Nixon believed that normalizing relations with China would

drive a wedge between China and the Soviet Union.

Ho Chi Minh compared his military to a(n)

tiger.

What effect did Nixon’s visit have on relations between China and the United States, according to Zhou Enlai?

It bridged the vast ocean in the world, twenty five years of no communication

The American public began to distrust the Johnson administration because of the

credibility gap.

Operation Rolling Thunder was a(n)

sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.

The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution allowed President Johnson to

take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.

China demonstrated its willingness to open talks with the United States by

inviting the American table tennis team to play against its athletes.

How did the Soviet Union respond to the normalization of relations between China and the United States?

Brehnev invited Nixon to visit Moscow

President Truman agreed to aid France’s efforts to regain control over Vietnam because he

feared the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.

President Nixon considered his approach to foreign policy to be

pragmatic.

President Eisenhower’s domino theory was based on the idea of

containment.

President Johnson entered the Vietnam War because he

believed in the domino theory.

How did doves in Congress officially call into question the U.S. presence in Vietnam?

In 1967 and 1968 Senator William Fulbright held public hearings on the war

Which country did President Nixon visit to improve trade relations?

China

What happened at Dien Bien Phu in 1954?

The Vietminh laid siege to a garrison of French troops who then surrendered

The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

Who won the 1968 Presidential election?

Richard Nixon

What happened during the Vietnamese election in 1956?

Ngo Dinh Diem refused to participate

To convince North Vietnam to stop reinforcing the Vietcong, President Johnson ordered Operation Rolling Thunder, which

began a sustained bombing campaign.

What effect did the Vietnam War have on the American people?

It undermined trust in American public leaders

Which of the following would probably be considered a hawk?

Richard Nixon

SALT I

What difference was seen in the reception of Vietnam veterans by the American public compared with the reception that veterans of World Wars I and II received?

Vietnam veterans did not receive a warm welcome, whereas victory parades were held in response to the return of veterans from the World Wars

The Tet Offensive damaged American morale because it

demonstrated that the communists had not lost the will or ability to fight.

In addition to areas of Vietnam, what other areas of French Indochina were under French control in 1954?

Cambodia and Loas

Ultimately, the end of the Vietnam War resulted in

Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.

President Nixon’s Vietnamization policy emphasized that the United States must

empower South Vietnamese forces to assume more combat duties.

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