US History Chapter 28

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During the 1950’s, the general economic conditions of the United States included

low employment

Between 1945 and 1960, the birth rate in the U.S.

reversed a long pattern decline

Following World War II, the American economy

grew nearly ten times faster than the population between 1945 and 1975

During the 1950’s, the region of the U.S. that experienced the most dramatic change as a result of the economic growth was

the West

During the 1950’s, the American Federation of Labor in the U.S.

merged with the Congress of Industrial Organization

All of the following researchers made important contributions to the development of antibiotics EXCEPT

Paul Muller

Following World War II, American scientists made a critical contribution to the development of penicillin by

finding methods for its mass production and commercial distribution

In the early 20th century, the vaccine which raised the most safety concerns in the U.S. was for the prevention of

tuberculosis

In 1954, the American scientist Jonas Salk developed a vaccine for the prevention of

polio

All of the following statements regarding the use of DDT are true EXCEPT that

scientists during WWII knew the pesticide had a long term toxic effect on humans and animals

The correct chronological order for development in electronic technology, from earliest to latest is

vacuum tube, transistor, integrated circuit

The first significant public awareness in the U.S. of comupters came during

the 1952 election tabulations

During the 1950’s, the U.S. government’s primary motive for the development of rocket and missile technology was

for the long-range delivery of weapons

In 1960, the U.S. first successfully launched a missile from a submarine with the

Polaris

In 1961, the first American to be launched into space was

Alan Shepard

The primary purpose of the American Apollo program was to

land men on the moon

Between 1945-1957, the growth of American consumerism was aided by

All of these answers are correct: an 800 increase in consumer credit, the development of credit cards, low-payment of credit plans, revolving charge accounts

Beginning in the late 1940’s, William Levitt used mass production techinques to sell

houses

During the 1950’s the popularity in the U.S. of suburban living was partly explained by

All of these answers are correct: the social importance placed on the family, a desire for racial segregation, a desire for privacy, security, and space for consumer goods, both the social importance placed on the family, and a desire for racial segregation

In 1946, Dr. Benjamin Spock’s best-selling Baby and Child Care contended that

mothers should stay at home with their children

During the 1950’s, in the U.S. married women who worked outside the home

All of these answers are correct: faced social pressures to quit their jobs, increased in number throughout the decade, accounted for one-third of all married women, both increased in number throughout the decade, and accounted for one-third of all married women

All of the following statements regarding early television are true EXCEPT that

the federal government regulated the content of both commercials and programs

During the 1950’s television network

generally sought to convey an idealized image of America

During the 1950’s, the American environmental preservation movement was mobilized by

a proposed dam on the Green River in Echo Park,Utah

In his 1956 book on corporate America, The Organization Man, William Whyte Jr contended

a workers most valuable trait in the corporate work setting was to get along

In his 1950 book, The Lonely Crowd, sociologist David Riesman argued that Americans that Americans

all of these answers are correct

The popular "beat" novel On the Road (1957) was written by

Jack Derouac

In the 1950’s, crimes committed by juveniles

resulted in widespread social unrest during the decade

Like many early white rock musicians, Elvis Presley drew heavily from black traditions in

rhythm and blues

The rapid rise in the popularity of rock music was partly due to

all these answers are correct

Michael Harrington’s 1962 book, "The Other America" focused on the problems of

poverty

All of the following statements regarding poverty in America during the 1950’s are true EXCEPT that

the percentage of the population living in poverty rose during the decade

During the 1950’s rural America

lost ten percent of its population in 1956

In 1960 the city in the United States with the largest Mexican American population was

Los Angeles

All of the following were factors in the 1950’s in rising poverty rates in inner cities EXCEPT

a growth of unskilled industrial jobs in these areas

The Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education

declared that separate educational facilities were unlawful

In the civil rights movement, the spirit of "massive resistance" is associated with

southern whites

In 1957, the effort to integrate Central High School in Little Rock Arkansas required

the presence of federal troops to enforce court orders

The Montgomery bus boycott of 1955-1956

marked the emergence of an effective form of racial protest

Martin Luther King Jr was the leader of the

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

In the 1950’s factors in the rise of the civil rights movement included

All of these answers are correct

In his economic agenda, President Dwight Eisenhower

lowered federal support for farm policies

The most significant and costly initiative of the federal government under President Dwight Eisenhower involved

a federal highway system

In the 1956 elections

President Dwight Eisenhower faced his 1952 Democratic opponent

The political decline of Senator Joseph McCarthy began when he investigated

the army

In 1954, Senator Joseph McCarthy, the US Senate voted to

censure him for "conduct unbecoming of a senator"

In 1954, under John Foster Dulles concept of "massive retaliation", the US would

use nuclear weapons against communist aggression

Until the early 1950’s the country the US assisted in trying to control Vietnam was

France

Between 1945-1959, the US policy in the Middle East saw the

CIA engineer a coup that brought the Shah of Iran to power

In 1954, the Eisenhower Administration ordered the CIA to help overthrow the government of

Guatemala

The Eisenhower administration responded to Fidel Castro’s coming to power in Cuba by

ending diplomatic relations

In 1960, the Soviet Union’s announcement it had shot down an American U-2 spy plane

led Soviet Premier Khrushehev to cancel a planned visit by Eisenhower to Moscow

In his farewell address to the nation, President Dwight Eisenhower warned against the dangers of

the "military industrial complex"

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