US History Chapter 27 -The Civil Rights Movement-

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What two specific activities are protected from discrimination?

Voting and employment

How did T. Eugene Connor react to civil rights marchers in Birmingham, Alabama?

He ordered the use of police dogs and fire hoses against the marchers

While in prison, Malcolm X became a convert to

the Nation of Islam.

What was the significance of Hernandez v. Texas?

It extended Fourteenth Amendment protections to Mexican Americans

In what way did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 affect employment in the United States?

It outlawed job discrimination and created the EEOC to investigate charges of job

The first of the confrontations on the Edmund Pettus Bridge during the march on Selma became known as

Bloody Sunday.

The members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) believed

that direct, nonviolent methods could gain civil rights for African Americans.

In return for the desegregation of interstate transportation,

the Kennedy administration agreed not to stop the arrest of Mississippi activists.

Which civil rights organization won a number of important court cases against segregation in the 1950s?

NAACP

To which city did President Eisenhower send federal troops to protect African American students?

Montgomery, Alabama

At what point did the Black Panthers believe that African Americans would become "free"?

When they gained full control of their community institutions

Who signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

President Johnson

What were Jim Crow laws?

They were laws that enforced the strict separation of the races

Which of these African Americans is famous for breaking into major league baseball?

Jackie Robinson

When three civil rights workers disappeared during Freedom Summer, the SNCC claimed that they had been

murdered.

What civil rights measure was passed by Congress shortly after King’s assassination?

The Fair Housing Act

What happened in hundreds of cities immediately after the assassination of Martin Luther King?

Riots broke out

Why were many Americans surprised when President Johnson supported civil rights?

He was a Southerner with an undistinguished record on racial matters

The conflict at Little Rock’s Central high School was a reaction to

Brown v. Board of Education.

Following the issuance of the Kerner Commission’s findings, a number of conservative commentators

argued against expanding federal spending for minorities.

How did the Black Panthers exemplify the idea of "black power"?

The Black Panthers developed programs for African Americans to help themselves and their communities

Why did Martin Luther King target Birmingham, Alabama for a civil rights campaign?

Because it was considered the most segregated city in the South

Which of the following events in the Civil Rights movement preceded the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Alabama. Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech at The March on Washington.

At what school was there major rioting over James Meredith’s enrollment?

The University of Mississippi

How long did the Montgomery bus boycott last?

More than a year

In response to riots over desegregation the University of Mississippi, President Kennedy declared that

Americans were free to disagree with the law but not to disobey it.

Not long after the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, African Americans in several cities

assumed public office.

In a ruling known as Brown II, the Supreme Court

ordered the immediate implementation of Brown v. Board of Education.

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