US History Chapter 17

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1. John Tyler joined the Whig party because he
a. thought that it was the easiest way to become president
b. could not stomach the dictatorial tactics of Andrew Jackson
c. was forced to resign from the Senate
d. believed in its pro-bank position
e. believed it better represented Virginia’s interests

B

2. The Whigs placed John Tyler on the 1840 ticket as vice president to
a. have him instead of President William Henry Harrison actually run the executive branch
b. win northern votes
c. attract the vote of the states’ rightists
d. reward him for his strong support of the Whig party platform
e. respond to the Democrats’ expansionist appeal

C

3. After President Tyler’s veto of a bill to establish a new Bank of the United States,
a. he was expelled from the Whig party
b. all but one member of his cabinet resigned
c. an attempt was made in the House of Representatives to impeach him
d. Tyler also vetoed a Whig-sponsored high-tariff bill
e. all of the above

E

4. The only member of President Tyler’s Whig cabinet who did not resign in protest over his policies was
a. Henry Clay
b. Zachary Taylor
c. Robert Walker
d. Daniel Webster
e. Millard Fillmore

D

5. During an 1837 Canadian insurrection against Britain,
a. the U.S. stayed neutral in word and action
b. the U.S. imprisoned several American violators of neutrality
c. America was invaded by the British
d. Canada warned the U.S. to stay out of the conflict
e. the U.S. government plotted to annex Canada

C

6. As a result of the Panic of 1837,
a. the U.S. established restrictions on foreign loans
b. Britain lent money to America, its close ally
c. anti-British passions cooled in America
d. the Democrats led America into war for more territory
e. several states defaulted on their debts to Britain

E

7. The British-American dispute over the border of Maine was solved
a. by war
b. by a compromise that gave each side some territory
c. when America was given all of the territory in question
d. by the Caroline incident
e. by admitting Maine into the Union and New Brunswick into Canada

B

8. The Aroostook War was the result of
a. a short-lived insurrection in British Canada
b. the Caroline incident
c. the offer of asylum to the crew of the Creole
d. a dispute over the northern boundary of Maine
e. a fishing dispute between Britain and the U.S.

D

10. Some people in Britain hoped for a British alliance with Texas because
a. the alliance would help to support the Monroe Doctrine
b. this area would provide an excellent base from which to attack the U.S.
c. Mexican efforts to attack the U.S. would be stopped
d. Texas could become a location for the settlement of undesirable British emigrants
e. the alliance would give abolitionists the opportunity to free slaves in Texas

D

11. One argument against annexing Texas to the U.S. was that the annexation
a. could involve the country in a series of ruinous wars in America and Europe
b. might give more power to the supporters of slavery
c. was not supported by the people of Texas
d. offered little of value to America
e. would lead to tensions and possible war with Mexico

B

12. Texas was annexed to the U.S. as a result of
a. Senate approval of the Treaty of Annexation
b. President Tyler’s desire to help his troubled administration
c. a presidential order by Andrew Jackson
d. the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
e. a compromise to admit free-state Iowa at the same time

B

13. Arrange in chronological order the U.S.’ acquisition of (A) Oregon, (B) Texas, (C) California
a. A, B, C
b. C, B, A
c. B, A, C
d. B, C, A
e. A, C, B

C

14. The primary group that was instrumental in strengthening and saving American claims to Oregon were
a. the Lewis and Clark expedition
b. the Hudson’s Bay Company
c. American missionaries to the Indians
d. U.S. naval forces in Puget Sound
e. Mormon Settlers from Utah

C

15. Most Americans who migrated to the Oregon Country were attracted by the
a. rich soil of the Willamette River Valley
b. expectation of fighting British troops
c. potential profits in the fur trade
d. discovery of gold and sliver in the Cascade Mountains
e. hope of finding a better trade route to East Asia

A

16. The nomination of James K. Polk as the Democrats’ 1844 presidential candidate was secured by
a. expansionists
b. anti-Texas southerners
c. Henry Clay
d. Eastern business interests
e. Proslavery forces

A

17. The area in dispute between the U.S. and Great Britain in 1845 lay between
a. the forty-second parallel and the Columbia River
b. the Cascade Mountains, the Columbia River, and Puget Sound
c. the 36 degree 30 minute line and the Columbia River
d. the 49th parallel and the 54 degree 40 minute line
e. the Columbia River, the 49th parallel, and the Pacific Ocean

E

18. In the 1840s, the view that God had ordained the growth of an American nation stretching across North America was called
a. continentalism
b. isolationism
c. anglophobia
d. Divine Mandate
e. Manifest Destiny

E

20. The election of 1844 was notable because
a. the campaign raised not real issues
b. a genuine mandate emerged
c. it was fought over numerous issues
d. Polk won the electoral vote but lost the popular vote
e. it brought the slavery issue into politics

E

21. The group most supportive of gaining control of all the Oregon Country was the
a. southern Democrats
b. Whigs
c. northern Democrats
d. Californians
e. protestant missionaries

C

22. In the Oregon treaty with Britain in 1846, the northern boundary of the U.S. was established to the Pacific Ocean along the line of
a. 42 degrees
b. 52 degrees, 40 minutes
c. 54 degrees, 40 minutes
d. 36 degrees, 30 minutes
e. 49 degrees

E

23. One reason that the British government decided to compromise on the Oregon Country border was
a. the support of the Hudson’s Bay Company
b. the fear of war with the United States
c. John Tyler’s election to the presidency
d. America’s acceptance of 54 degrees 40 minutes
e. their better ability to defend British Columbia

B

24. In his quest for California, President Polk
a. advocated war with Mexico from the beginning
b. argued strongly for annexation, because Americans were the most numerous people in the area
c. was motivated by his knowledge of gold deposits there
d. sought British help to persuade Mexico to sell the area to the U.S.
e. first advocated buying the area from Mexico

E

26. In 1846 the U.S. went to war with Mexico for all of the following reasons except
a. the ideology of Manifest Destiny
b. the deaths of American soldiers at the hands of Mexicans
c. the desire to gain payment for damage claims against the Mexican government
d. the impulse to satisfy those asking for "spot" resolutions
e. Polk’s desire to acquire California

D

27. President Polk’s claim that "American blood [had been shed] on the American soil" referred to news of an armed clash between Mexican and American troops near
a. San Francisco
b. the Nueces River
c. Santa Fe
d. the Rio Grande
e. San Antonio

D

28. During the Mexican War, the Polk administration was called upon several times to respond to "spot" resolutions indicating where American blood had been shed to provoke the war. The resolutions were frequently introduced by
a. Abraham Lincoln
b. Henry Clay
c. Robert Walker
d. David Wilmot
e. Lewis Cass

A

29. One goal of Mexico in its 1846-1848 war with the U.S. was to
a. demonstrate the strength of Latino culture
b. regain control of Texas
c. capture slaves and take them back to Mexico
d. force America to make good on unpaid claims of damages to Mexican citizens
e. free black slaves

E

30. When the war with Mexico began, President Polk
a. advocated taking all of Mexico
b. found that he could trust dethroned Mexican dictator Santa Anna
c. hoped to fight a limited war, ending with the conquest of California
d. supported a large-scale conflict
e. denied any intention of expanding slavery

C

31. Match each American officer below with his theater of command in the Mexican War.
A. Stephen W. Kearny 1. northern Mexico
B. Zachary Taylor 2. California
C. Winfield Scott 3. Santa Fe
D. John C. Fremont 4. Mexico City

B

32. The terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ending the Mexican War included
a. a guarantee of the rights of Mexicans living in New Mexico
b. U.S. annexation of Texas
c. the banning of slavery from all territory ceded to the U.S.
d. a requirement that Mexico pay $3.25 million in damages to the U.S.
e. U.S. payment of $15 million for cession of northern Mexico

E

33. Those people most opposed to President Polk’s expansionist program were the
a. western Democrats
b. antislavery forces
c. senate Democrats
d. supporters of Nicholas P. Trist
e. proslavery Whigs

B

34. The Wilmot Proviso
a. symbolized the burning issue of slavery in the territories
b. gained House and Senate approval in 1846
c. settled once and for all the issue of slavery in California
d. allowed slavery in the territory take from Mexico in 1848
e. left open the issue of slavery in New Mexico and Utah

A

35. The Wilmot Proviso, introduced into Congress during the Mexican War, declared that
a. Mexican territory would not be annexed to the U.S.
b. slavery would be banned from all territories that Mexico ceded to the U.S.
c. the U.S. should annex all of Mexico
d. the U.S. should have to pay Mexico a financial indemnity for having provoked a war
e. slavery in the territories would be determined by democratic vote

B

36. The largest single addition to American territory was
a. the Louisiana Purchase
b. the Mexican Cession
c. the Oregon Country
d. the Old Northwest
e. Alaska

B

37. The first Old World Europeans to come to California were
a. Russians
b. French
c. Dutch
d. English
e. Spanish

E

38. The Spanish Franciscan missionaries treated the native inhabitants of California
a. according to the principles of their founder, St. Francis
b. well but refused to convert them to Christianity
c. very harshly
d. better than they treated their African slaves
e. as capable of civilization if educated

C

39. When the Mexican government secularized authority in California,
a. missionaries gained power
b. slavery became an accepted practice
c. convicts brought in by Spain were expelled
d. California’s Indians received better treatment
e. Californios eventually gained control of the land

E

40. The Californio’s political ascendancy in California ended
a. with the arrival of Franciscan friars
b. as a result of the influx of Anglo golddiggers
c. when Mexico gained control of the area in 1826
d. when agriculture became more profitable than mining
e. when the U.S.government made English mandatory

B

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