US History- Chapter 13

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Which statement regarding President James K. Polk is not true?

He opposed western expansion into California

All of the following groups suffered as a result of manifest destiny except

the French

During his senatorial run against Douglas, Lincoln stated his belief in racial equality.

False

Due to the actions of President James K. Polk, the immediate cause of the Mexican-American War was

Mexican troops attacking U.S. soldiers in disputed territory north of the Rio Grande.

_______________________ coined the term manifest destiny in ________.

John L. O’Sullivan, 1845

Which of the following statements regarding the Mexican-American War is incorrect?

More American soldiers died in battle than from disease.

The Republican platform in 1860 promised to end slavery in the southern states.

False

Which of the following statements about the American military during the Mexican-American War is correct?

Blacks were banned from military service.

The Battle of the Alamo in Texas was

a defeat for the Texians

Mexico’s winning of independence from Spain slowed American expansion westward.

False

The majority of those who chose to emigrate to Texas in the first half of the19th century were

Southerners and their slaves

The states of the Deep South did not secede from the Union until Lincoln took office.

False

The treaty that ended the Mexican-American War was

the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

William Henry Harrison died one month after his inauguration as president.

True

As a result of the Mexican-American War the United States acquired all of the following future states except

North Dakota

California entered the Union as a free state.

True

Which president acquired the most territory in the history of the United States?

James K. Polk.

The Mexican-American War offi cially ended in

1848

In his first inaugural address, President Lincoln said: "I am loath to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection."

True

The outbreak of the Mexican-American War was caused by the dispute over Oregon.

False

The president of the United States at the time both Oregon and California were officially acquired was

James K. Polk

David Crockett was not a real person but purely a fictional character.

False

All of the following were fronts during the Mexican-American War except

Oregon

Which of the following statements regarding westward expansion after 1830 is not accurate?

Southerners were not in the least bit interested in moving west.

Through his execution, John Brown became a martyr for the anti-slavery cause.

True

In response to the secession of South Carolina, James Buchanan

Did nothing

Which of the following statements regarding the Wilmot Proviso is untrue?

The proviso passed the Senate.

Who was the president of the Confederate States of America?

Jefferson Davis

According to your textbook "Bleeding Kansas" was

a series of violent conflicts in the Kansas Territory and was a rehearsal for civil war.

Zachary Taylor was all of the following except

An abolitionist

In his inaugural address, Abraham Lincoln

declared secession illegal

Lincoln’s home state, ___________________ was a ____________ state.

Illinois, free

During Abraham Lincoln’s inaugural address he promised all of these things BUT?

Promised to abolish slavery immediately.

During the 1860 election Lincoln would not even be on the ballot in the South.

True

When he won the presidency, Abraham Lincoln carried ___________ slave states in the Electoral College.

0

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

supported the repeal of the Missouri Compromise

The Free-Soil coalition believed

slavery should be excluded from the western territories.

Which statement regarding the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford is incorrect?

The Court said Scott should go free.

Which statement regarding the presidency of James Buchanan is incorrect?

James Buchanan did not believe in westward expansion.

On December 20, 1860, a special convention made up of mainly white slave owners unanimously approved an Ordinance of Secession. Thereby removing South Carolina from the union and proclaiming the State of South Carolina an Independent Commonwealth.

True

After the end of the Mexican-American War, Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina made the claim that _____________________ protected the institution of slavery.

Fifth amendment

The first shots of the Civil War

were fired by South Carolinians.

On January 9, 1861, the unarmed ship, the Star of the West, was attacked by Confederate cannons while it was attempting to resupply Fort Sumter. Buchanan responded by

Ignoring the challenge and hoping to ride out the remaining weeks of his term.

The final version of the Compromise of 1850 included all of the following except which?

The sale of slaves would end in the state of Washington

The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

could be used to punish those who helped runaway slaves.

The gold rush to ___________________ in ________________ was the greatest mass migration in American history.

California, 1848

_____________________ is the notion that citizens of a territory should regulate the existence of slavery just like the citizens of a state.

popular sovereignty

The Crittenden Compromise would simply guarantee the preservation of slavery in the states in which it already existed.

False

On the morning of April 12, 1961, Confederate troops began to shell Fort Sumter. After 34 hours, General Anderson for the Union forces would lower the American Flag. This official began the Civil War.

True

The proposed Lecompton Constitution would make Kansas a free state.

False

Manifest destiny was based on the notion of the United States spreading both _____________________ and _______________ westward.

Christianity, capitalism

Henry Clay was the Democratic presidential candidate in 1844.

False

President Martin Van Buren failed to win the Democratic party’s nomination to run for a second term due to his position in Texas.

True

John Tyler favored Henry Clay’s American System

False

Which statement regarding the settlement of California in the 19th century is true?

As whites moved into California the native population dropped drastically.

Support for the Mexican-American War was strongest in New England.

False

The "Oregon Country" that Americans coveted included all what would become the following states except

Oklahoma

Mexico initially banned all American settlement in Texas.

False

The Mexican-American War was opposed by all of the following except?

Zachary Taylor

What party split in the presidential election of 1860?

The Democrats

All the western Indian tribes eventually felt the unrelenting pressure of white expansion and conquest.

True

Zachary Taylor’s decisive victory at the Battle of Buena Vista led to an immediate Mexican surrender.

False

____ became a free state in 1861

Kansas

In his first inaugural address, President Lincoln said: "I am loath to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection."

True

The first man to run for president under the banner of the Republican party was

John C. Fremont

James K. Polk won the 1844 election without a majority of the popular vote.

True

Which statement regarding "Bleeding Kansas" is correct?

The people of Kansas killed each other over whether the state would be free or slave.

Which of the following statements regarding the Mexican-American War is most accurate?

The Mexican-American War was imperialistic.

Abraham Lincoln was elected in _______________ 1860 and took office in ______________________ 1861.

November, March

In the presidential election of 1848, a third party called the ________________ ran _______________.

Democrats, Lewis Cass

What two new parties filled the gap left by the death of the Whigs in the 1850s?

The American party and the Republicans

There were more than 200 different Indian tribes west of the Mississippi River in 1840.

True

James Buchanan’s great experience in public service helped him become one of the most successful presidents.

False

The United States army under __________________ captured ________________ in March 1847.

Winfield Scott, Mexico City

The Republican party was created in 1854 by the merger of several anti-slavery groups.

True

John Brown’s Raid was an attack on _________________ in _____________.

Harper’s Ferry, Virginia; 1859

Which statement regarding the Crittenden compromise is untrue?

The compromise passed the Senate

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