US History Chapter 12

Total Word Count: 908
   Send article as PDF   

Unlike the North, revivalism in southern states did not

Push for social reform

Which of the following identifies a major goal of the early women’s rights activists?

to free married women from laws that gave their husbands control of their property and children

In practice, working-class families viewed the new public schools

As depriving them of needed wage earners

Why has the nineteenth century been identified as "the century of the child?"

Parents had a new concern for children and families became child-centered.

Which of the following was NOT a major change in middle-class family life during the nineteenth century?

More and more women were forced to work outside the home.

The first great practitioner of evangelical Calvinism was

Lyman Beecher.

Nineteenth century parents began using _______ to enforce good behavior among their children.

Guilt

The sociological basis for the Cult of Domesticity was

a growing division of labor between men and women.

The temperance movement

addressed a very real social problem of the time.

Which group was most active in the Underground Railroad?

Free blacks in the north

As a result of changes in the middle-class family, nineteenth-century children

Increasingly became viewed as individuals

Abolitionism received its greatest support in the

small to medium-sized towns of the upper North.

Which U.S. President received less than two years of formal education and sharpened his intellect thought participation in debating societies and lyceums?

Abraham Lincoln

Which statement below is true of the African colonization movement?

It was opposed by African Americans in the North.

What was the Second Great Awakening?

A wave of religious revivals

In addition to reading, writing, and arithmetic, mid-nineteenth-century public schools taught

The Protestant Ethic

In the early nineteenth century, American Protestant denominations strengthened religious values and increased church membership through

Revivalism

Why did Catharine Beecher argue that women should be schoolteachers?

Women were best suited to instill virtues in young male children.

The reform movement in New England began as a(n)

effort to defend Calvinism against Enlightenment ideas.

The chief example of the tie between revivalism and abolitionism was the career of

Theodore Weld

The most important function of the school in 1850 was seen as

Moral Indocrination

The Cult of Domesticity primarily affected the lives of

relatively affluent women.

Which group’s belief that the Deity was the benevolent architect of a rational universe particularly disturbed Reverend Timothy Dwight?

Unitarians

Lyman Beecher was most closely associated with which one of the following reform movements?

Temperance

Temperance reformers opposed consumption of alcohol for all of these reasons except the belief that alcohol

consumption decreased business profits.

Why did educational reformers sometimes think of the local school as a substitute for the family?

They were worried that poor and immigrant families would not properly nurture their children.

The radical abolitionist and cofounder of the American Anti-Slavery Society was

William Lloyd Garrison.

Each of the following was a result of the temperance campaign of the 1830s EXCEPT

large numbers of confirmed drunkards were cured

The "proper" sphere for middle-class white women in the nineteenth century was

keeping house and raising a family.

The Cult of Domesticity

saw women as guardians of virtue within the family.

The most influential spokesman for the common school movement was

Horace Mann.

Which statement best characterizes how evangelical culture changed the role of women in American society?

Women became more confined to the home but became more important inside it.

In 1848, at Seneca Fall, New York,

the first national gathering of feminists took place

This movement had the greatest influence on the development of the abolitionist movement.

Second Great Awakening

As a result of revivalism, Northern evangelicals were involved with each of the following EXCEPT

Indian removal

________ became one of the most significant leaders of the women’s rights movement.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

The idea that people could conduct their lives completely free of sin is called

Perfectionism

The feminine subculture for many middle-class women during this era focused on

Establishing a sense of solidarity with other women.

What was the Washingtonian Society?

a temperance group whose members discussed their struggles with alcoholism

Which of the following individuals is INCORRECTLY matched with his or her reform movement?

All of the above are correctly matched.

The term "benevolent empire" referred to

a group of missionary and reform societies that worked together.

William Lloyd Garrison’s stand on _________ led to an open break in the abolitionist movement in the 1840s.

women’s rights

What was considered the main function of the family unit in the nineteenth century?

To raise children

Frederick Douglass was not

A presidential candidate in 1868

Which of the following identifies the typical attitude toward the abolitionist movement of working-class urban whites?

They resisted abolitionism because they did not want to compete socially and economically with African Americans.

How did radical revivalist Charles G. Finney violate Christian tradition?

He allowed women to pray aloud in church.

Which of the following identifies a key reason why society began focusing on childhood in the nineteenth century?

Families got smaller and individual children became more highly valued.

In what way do historians consider the abolitionist movement of the 1830s and 1840s a success?

It brought the issue of slavery into the public consciousness.

Why were relations between black and white abolitionists often tense?

Black abolitionists protested that they did not have a fair share of influence and leadership positions in the movement.

Abolitionism served as a catalyst for the ________ movement.

Women’s Rights

Scroll to Top