US HISTORY CHAP 5

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Thomas Hutchinson

e. Massachusetts lieutenant governor

Thomas Paine

f. wrote Common Sense

George Washington

g. commander of the Continental army

Charles Townshend

d. British chancellor of the Exchequer

Crispus Attucks

j. sailor who died in the Boston Massacre

Thomas Jefferson

h. author of the Declaration of Independence

Lord Dunmore

a. offered freedom to slaves if they fought for the British

Sir William Howe

j. sailor who died in the Boston Massacre

Patrick Henry

k. declared "Give me liberty, or give me death!"

Benedict Arnold

b. American traitor in command of West Point

Ethan Allen

l. founder of Vermont

John Dickinson

c. Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania

Stamp Act

l. viewed by colonists as a major violation of liberty

Sons of Liberty

j. wealthy South Carolina backcountry

Common Sense

f. pamphlet that argued for American independence

Committee of Correspondence

h. exchanged ideas about resistance

Quebec Act

c. religious tolerance for Catholics

virtual representation independence

g. each member of Parliament represented the entire empire

Regulators

j. wealthy South Carolina backcountry

East India Company

b. beneficiary of the Tea Act

Saratoga

a. first significant American victory

Loyalists

d. colonists who were loyal to Britain

homespun virtue

k. refusal to buy British goods

Ethiopian regiment residents

e. black loyalist forces

1. The attack by Massachusetts colonists on the home of lieutenant governor and chief justice Thomas Hutchinson:

c. led Hutchinson to believe that effective British rule would require the loss of some liberties for the colonists.

2. Which major event first led the British government to seek ways to make the colonies bear part of the cost of the empire?

c. the Seven Years’ War

3. All of the following were attempts to regulate colonial trade before the Seven Years’ War EXCEPT for the:

b. Proclamation Line.

4. Virtual representation was the idea:

d. that each member of Britain’s House of Commons represented the entire empire, not just his own district.

5. The Sugar Act alarmed colonists, in part because it:

e. threatened the profits of colonial merchants already in economic trouble.

6. The Stamp Act created such a stir in the colonies because:

c. it was the first direct tax Parliament imposed on the colonies.

7. What contribution did the Stamp Act episode make to the colonists’ concept of liberty?

b. The Stamp Act Congress insisted that the right to consent to taxation was essential to people’s freedom.

8. The Sons of Liberty:

a. enjoyed support from New York craftsmen and laborers.

9. The Declaratory Act:

d. rejected American claims that only their elected representatives could levy taxes.

10. Violent social turmoil in rural areas during the 1760s:

e. involved events in both northern and southern colonies.

11. Which one of the following did NOT specifically provide for direct or indirect taxes on the colonies?

e. the Declaratory Act

12. Which armed group, motivated by deep frustrations with the corruption of North Carolina’s county officials, was defeated by the colony’s militia at the 1771 Battle of Alamance?

b. the Regulators

13. Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys:

e. fought intrusions by New York landlords into what became Vermont.

14. The Townshend Acts did all of the following EXCEPT:

c. reaffirm Boston’s decision to abide by the Quartering Act.

15. In Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, John Dickinson:

d. argued for reconciliation with Great Britain along with the same rights as Englishmen.

16. The "Daughters of Liberty" was the name given to:

d. women who spun and wove to create their own clothing rather than buy British goods.

17. The Boston Massacre occurred when British soldiers:

b. fired into a mob and killed a number of Boston residents.

18. Crispus Attucks:

d. has been called the first martyr of the American Revolution.

19. The expulsion of the journalist John Wilkes from his seat in Parliament:

a. symbolized the threat to liberty for many in both Britain and America.

20. Why did colonists object to the Tea Act?

b. By paying it, they would be acknowledging Great Britain’s right to tax the colonists.

21. Britain responded to the Boston Tea Party with:

b. the Intolerable Acts.

22. Which of the following was associated with the Intolerable Acts?

c. The Massachusetts Charter of 1691 was changed to curtail town meetings.

23. The Quebec Act:

a. granted religious toleration to Catholics in Canada.

24. What were the Suffolk Resolves?

e. a set of resolutions made in 1774, urging Massachusetts citizens to prepare for war

25. The Committees of Safety:

b. were part of a series of efforts by the Continental Congress to promote unity and to take action against enemies of liberty.

26. In the years immediately before the American Revolution, the concept of natural rights:

a. greatly influenced Thomas Jefferson’s early writings.

27. Which of the following was NOT a significant battle during the first year of the Revolutionary War?

e. Cowpens, which helped turn the tide of war in the South

28. John Adams recommended George Washington as commander of the Continental army because:

c. the fact that Washington was from Virginia could help unify the colonists.

29. What did Lord Dunmore do that horrified many southerners?

c. He promised freedom to slaves who joined the British cause.

30. Who argued that "true liberty" could only be achieved by remaining in the British Empire?

e. Joseph Galloway

31. The Olive Branch Petition:

e. was addressed to King George III and reaffirmed American loyalty to the crown.

32. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense:

d. argued that America would become the home of freedom and "an asylum for mankind."

33. Which statement about Thomas Paine’s Common Sense is FALSE?

e. It was breathtakingly original in its ideas.

34. Most of the text of the Declaration of Independence:

b. consists of a list of grievances against King George III.

35. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson’s biggest influence with regard to natural rights came from?

d. John Locke

36. All of the following are true of the Declaration of Independence EXCEPT:

b. its arguments made it a uniquely American document with little relevance to other nations.

37. By the time of Thomas Jefferson’s death in 1826 about __________ other declarations of independence had been issued in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.

d. 20

38. All of the following were advantages enjoyed by the British during the American Revolution EXCEPT:

d. an intimate knowledge of the terrain.

39. Which of the following is true of the soldiers who fought for American independence?

a. During the war’s later years, the Continental army relied increasingly on young men with limited economic prospects.

40. During the eight years of war, approximately how many Americans bore arms in the Continental army and state militias?

c. 200,000

41. Which of the following statements regarding black soldiers during the American Revolution is FALSE?

a. No southern state allowed blacks to serve in its militia.

42. The main point of The American Crisis is:

b. to inspire American soldiers to continue to fight despite demoralizing military losses.

43. In the winter of 1776-1777, Washington won important victories that improved American morale. These battles were at:

e. Trenton and Princeton, New Jersey.

44. A key consequence of the Battle of Saratoga in October 1777 was:

a. France became an ally to the United States.

45. In 1778, the focus of the war shifted:

d. to the South, where the British captured Savannah that year.

46. During the Revolutionary War, tensions between backcountry farmers and wealthy planters:

c. gave the British hope that they might be able to enlist the support of southern Loyalists.

47. Cornwallis was defeated at Yorktown because:

a. he had no land or water escape route.

48. Washington’s defeat of Cornwallis at Yorktown:

d. destroyed British public support for the war.

49. The negotiation of the Treaty of Paris of 1783:

e. began only after the Battle of Yorktown.

50. British possessions in the West Indies:

c. remained loyal to the crown during the American Revolution because their leaders feared slave uprisings.

51. The Treaty of Paris did NOT:

b. sever the alliance between the United States and France.

1. Prior to the Seven Years’ War, Britain had not tried to regulate the colonies’ economy.

F

2. Although a few were outraged by the Stamp Act, most politically active colonists actually supported it.

F

3. American colonists widely believed that Britain had no authority to tax the colonists since the colonists had no elected representative in Parliament.

T

4. American leaders viewed the British empire as an association of equals.

T

5. The Sons of Liberty enforced a boycott of British goods.

T

6. Ethan Allen led the Hudson Bay Boys in New York to protect the liberties of small farmers.

F

7. Homespun clothing became a symbol of American resistance during the American boycott on British goods.

T

8. Samuel Adams defended the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre in a court of law.

F

9. Paul Revere created an engraving that distorted the Boston Massacre.

T

10. John Wilkes was expelled from his seat in Parliament for his scandalous writings about the king; this caused many colonists to rally to his side with the call "Wilkes and Liberty."

T

11. To resist the Intolerable Acts, a Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia.

T

12. The First Continental Congress raised an army and appointed George Washington as its commander.

F

13. Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense as a response to Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence.

F

14. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense was written specifically for the educated elite.

F

15. The idea of American exceptionalism was prevalent in the Revolution.

T

16. Today, more than half of the countries in the world have some sort of declaration of independence.

T

17. British soldiers alienated many Americans, while citizen-soldiers displayed great valor.

T

18. Blacks who fought under George Washington did so in segregated units.

F

19. Siding with the British offered slaves far more opportunities for liberty than did siding with the pro-independence Americans.

T

20. Washington’s army was demoralized by repeated failures early in the war, and many soldiers simply went home.

T

21. The American victory at Trenton convinced the French to join the American cause.

F

22. Benedict Arnold almost succeeded in turning over to the British the important Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain.

F

23. British commanders were never able to consolidate their hold on the South.

T

24. The French played a significant role in the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.

T

25. The Treaty of Paris was negotiated within six months after Cornwallis’s surrender.

F

26. Americans did not gain much more than independence from the Treaty of Paris.

F

8. The Sons of Liberty:

a. enjoyed support from New York craftsmen and laborers.

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