US HISTORY Ch. 30

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What was Phyllis Schlafly’s agenda in her 1964 book A Choice Not an Echo?

D. To push Barry Goldwater’s presidential candidacy

Which of the following describes the agenda of the new conservative movement of the 1970s?

B. It criticized the government’s intrusion into the individual’s economic life as a hindrance to

Some of the most vigorous support for the growing grassroots conservative movement of the 1970s came
from which group?

B. Middle-class suburban men and women in the Sun Belt

What was Richard Nixon’s "southern strategy" for winning the presidential election in 1968?

A. He hoped to woo white southerners away from the Democratic party.

Which of the following was true of court-ordered busing during Nixon’s presidency?

D. After he appointed four new justices to the Supreme Court, the court imposed strict limitations to achieve racial balance.

President Nixon saw Chief Justice Earl Warren’s retirement in 1969 as an opportunity to put what kind of
justice on the Supreme Court?

B. a conservative male

What was the significance of a number of conservative Democrats changing their party affiliation
beginning in 1964?

A. Democrats were losing the solid South

In its 1978 decision in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, the Supreme Court

D. limited the range of affirmative action.

D. limited the range of affirmative action.

Which of the following was a surprising development in the 1972 presidential race between Richard
Nixon and George McGovern?

B. Nixon was popular among southern, Catholic, urban, and blue-collar voters

What triggered the Watergate scandal that began in 1972?

B. The discovery that Nixon campaign workers had broken into and bugged Democratic party

Following the 1972 election, Americans learned that President Nixon and his associates had been guilty
of

C. harassing "enemies" through illegal means

What spurred the resignation of Nixon’s vice president, Spiro Agnew, in 1973?

C. An investigation that revealed he had taken bribes while governor of Maryland

For what crime did the House Judiciary Committee vote to charge President Nixon as one of the
grounds for impeachment?

C. Obstruction of justice

After President Nixon resigned from office in August 1974, he

C. was pardoned by President Gerald Ford.

What did the Democratic Congress aim to do after President Nixon’s resignation?

B. Guard against future abuses of government power

Which of the following factors helped Jimmy Carter win the presidency in 1976?

C. His distance from Washington, D.C., politics

Before winning the presidency, Jimmy Carter’s political experience included

C. serving as governor of Georgia.

Which of the following economic developments characterized Jimmy Carter’s presidency?

D. The president cut federal spending in order to compensate for rising inflation.

To address the nation’s dependence on foreign oil, President Carter established the

A. A. Department of Energy.

What was a consequence of the nuclear accident near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in 1979?

B. Further development of the nuclear power industry was stalled.

What calamity led President Carter to sponsor legislation to create the Superfund?

A. The environmental disaster at Love Canal in Niagara Falls, New York

When he took office in 1976, President Carter promised to approach American foreign policy

B. by applying human rights principles.

In 1977, the United States and Panama completed treaties that arranged

A. Panama’s takeover of the Panama Canal in 2000.

What was one of President Carter’s major accomplishments in mediating the political crises in the
Middle East?

C. Convincing Egypt to recognize Israel and Israel to gradually withdraw from the Sinai Peninsula

How did President Carter respond to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979?

B. He barred U.S. athletes from participating in the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

Which of the following was among the reasons the Iranian government was hostile to the United States
after the shah left the country?

A. The CIA helped to overthrow the Mossadegh government.

The American hostages were held in the U.S. Embassy in Teheran by their Iranian captors

D. until the day President Carter left office.

What made the election of 1980 so significant?

C. It revealed that conservatives had come to dominate the Republican party.

Before he won the presidency in 1980, Ronald Reagan had been

D. a well-known actor and then the governor of California.

Which of the following factors was a significant part of Ronald Reagan’s appeal to voters?

C. His promise to take government off the backs of the people.

Who founded the Moral Majority in 1979?

C. Jerry Falwell, to fight left-wing social welfare bills

Why was Ronald Reagan often liked even by those who disagreed with his policies?

A. He was confident, easygoing, and optimistic.

What was President Reagan’s initial strategy to fix the lagging U.S. economy?

B. Introduce a massive tax cut

What was the ultimate result of President Reagan’s two substantial tax cuts?

A. They benefited the wealthy

What was the outcome of the Reagan administration’s decision to deregulate the banking industry?

B. A crisis in the savings and loan industry occurred, placing an added burden on taxpayers.

What was the result of President Reagan’s pledge to reduce federal spending?

A. Cuts in spending for social welfare programs

Who was Walter Mondale’s running mate in the presidential election of 1984?

D. Geraldine A. Ferraro

By 1990, about what percentage of married women with young children worked outside the home?

C. 60 percent

During the 1980s, as Americans’ average personal income increased, how did the level of economic
inequality in the United States change?

A. It also increased.

Ronald Reagan’s appointments to the federal court system tended to favor

B. a strict construction of the Constitution that limits judicial power

Despite the antifeminist tone of the Reagan administration, feminists and the administration found
common ground in
A. lobbying for the Equal Rights Amendment.
B. expanding abortion rights.
C. expanding child care for poor working women.
D. the collection of court-ordered child support payments for single mothers.

D. the collection of court-ordered child support payments for single mothers.

During the Reagan years, feminists were successful in

B. retaining the basic principles of Roe v. Wade.

How did the gay and lesbian rights movement fare during the conservative 1980s?

D. Gay and lesbian rights activism grew and won some victories but also sparked a strong countermovement.

What happened to American defense spending under President Reagan?

B. It increased beyond the level of spending during the Vietnam War.

Which of the following describes President Reagan’s Star Wars initiative?

B. It surprised Reagan’s advisers and elicited an angry response from critics and the Soviet Union.

In April 1983, a suicide attack on a U.S. embassy in which nation killed sixty-three people?

D. Lebanon

How did President Reagan respond to the growing black protests against the racist system of apartheid
in South Africa in the mid- to late 1980s?

D. He sided with the South African government in the escalating conflicts.

What did the Reagan administration do when Congress blocked its efforts to help opponents of the
leftist Sandinista government in Nicaragua?

A. It acted secretly and illegally to undermine congressional authority.

What did the independent prosecutor charged with investigating the Iran-Contra scandal conclude about
President Reagan and Vice President George Bush?

C. Both had knowingly participated or at least acquiesced in covering up the scandal.

What was the status of the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union at the time
President Reagan left office in 1989?

D They had reached their highest level of cooperation since World War II.

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