US History Ch. 19

Total Word Count: 1591
   Send article as PDF   

During World War I, popular words of German origin were changed; "hamburger" became

"liberty sandwich."

Which of the following was not a military technology used during World War I?

atomic bombs

The right to dissent from government policy during World War I

met sweeping repression.

Which of the following was not a significant development in postwar America?

the constitutional enfranchisement of African-Americans

The worst race riot in American history occurred in 1921 when more than 300 blacks were killed and over 10,000 were left homeless after white mobs burned an all-black section of which city to the ground?

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Who was the leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, a movement for African independence and black self-reliance?

Marcus Garvey

President Woodrow Wilson articulated the clearest statement of American war aims and his vision of a new postwar international order in

the Fourteen Points.

What was the West African proverb that President Theodore Roosevelt was fond of?

Speak softly and carry a big stick.

What did prohibition (the Eighteenth Amendment, ratified in 1919) prohibit?

manufacturer, sale, or distribution of alcoholic beverages

Which of the following was not a significant effect of World War I on American society?

the withdrawal of the federal government from domestic affairs, so that it could concentrate on the war overseas

Randolph Bourne’s vision of America was one in which

a cosmopolitan, democratic society in which immigrants and natives would together create a new "trans-national" culture.

What was the name of the British liner sunk by a German submarine in May 1915, which resulted in the deaths of more than a thousand passengers, including 124 Americans?

Lusitania

Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?

publication of Du Bois’s The Souls of Black Folk; founding of NAACP; Silent Protest Parade in New York City; Chicago race riot

In November 1917, in the midst of World War I, a communist revolution broke out in what country?

Russia

The American foreign policy principle that held that the United States had a right to exercise "an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere was called

the Roosevelt Corollary.

Between 1901 and 1920, the U.S. Marines landed in Caribbean countries

more than twenty times.

During World War I, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire were called

the Central Powers.

Of the great ideologies that had arisen in the nineteenth century, which, by 1920, had proven most powerful?

nationalism.

Which of the following was not a significant development in American race relations during the first two decades of the twentieth century?

the ascent of racial equality to the top of the Progressive agenda

Dollar Diplomacy, the U.S. foreign policy that emphasized economic investment and loans from American banks, rather than direct military intervention, was the policy of

William Howard Taft

The United States entered World War I in April of 1917 only after Germany resumed submarine warfare against its ships in the Atlantic and

after discovery of the Zimmermann telegram.

The federal organization established to explain the war to the American people, and which trained some 75,000 Four-Minute Men to deliver short talks in support of America’s war effort was called

Committee on Public Information.

Which of the following was not a feature of public debate over whether the United States should enter the war in Europe?

Labor generally opposed American entry; business generally endorsed it.

Which of the following was not a principle espoused in Wilson’s Fourteen Points?

the abolition of colonial rule around the globe

How many soldiers perished during World War I worldwide?

10 million

The outbreak of World War I in 1914 was triggered by

the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand.

A leading characterization of U.S. foreign policy in the early twentieth century was

"Dollar Diplomacy"

The "open door" policy refers to

a key principle of American foreign relations that emphasizes the free flow of trade, investment, and information.

President Theodore Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for helping to negotiate a settlement of

the Russo-Japanese War of 1905.

In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson sent more than 10,000 troops into Mexico in an effort (that proved unsuccessful) to arrest

"Pancho" Villa, who had killed seventeen Americans in an attack on Columbus, New Mexico.

Who was the leader of the National Woman’s Party, an organization that employed militant tactics in favor of woman suffrage?

Alice Paul

President Woodrow Wilson’s foreign policy that called for active intervention to remake the world in America’s image, and which asserted the view that greater freedom worldwide would follow from increased American investment and trade abroad was called

liberal internationalism

President Wilson won reelection in 1916 on the slogan, "We Must Fight to Make the World Safe for Democracy."

False

Between 1910 and 1920, half a million blacks moved away from the South; many migrated into northern cities like Chicago, New York, Akron, Buffalo, and Trenton.

True

No one was ever convicted under the 1917 Espionage Act or the 1918 Sedition Act.

False

President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points had asserted the principle of "self-determination;" in this spirit, W. E. B. Du Bois organized a Pan-African Congress in Paris that put forward the idea of a self-governing nation to be carved out of Germany’s African colonies. Koreans, Indians, Irish, and others also pressed claims for self-determination.

True

In intervening in Caribbean countries in the early twentieth century, the United States generally sought to promote peace, democracy, and freedom.

False

W. E. B. Du Bois asserted the need for the "talented tenth" of the African-American community to step forward and take the lead in education and training to challenge inequality faced by black Americans.

True

The Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I was a savvy and fair, if short, document that equitably distributed culpability for the war among all warring factions.

False

More people were killed by the flu (epidemic of influenza) at the end of World War I, than died during all the years of fighting in that war.

True

Following the outbreak of World War I, the Allied and Central Powers each acted to block American trade with their adversaries.

True

By 1900, measured by its acquisition of new territories, the United States was an imperialist power, the equal of Great Britain and France.

False

Ten of the twelve states that by 1916 had adopted woman suffrage were carried by Wilson in the election that year; without women’s votes Wilson would not have been reelected

True

Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer sent federal agents to raid the offices of radical and labor organizations in November 1919 and January 1920 as part of the Red Scare.

True

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) launched a long battle for the enforcement of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments.

True

In 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt arranged an "executive agreement" that gave a group of American bankers control over the finances of the Dominican Republic.

True

While many were troubled by the ongoing slaughter overseas, most Progressives regarded wartime mobilization as an extraordinary chance to remake American society.

True

President Woodrow Wilson authorized more military interventions into Latin America than any other president in American history.

True

Major strides toward the advancement of equality for American blacks was one significant consequence of the war’s aftermath due to the heroism, courage, determination, and patriotism demonstrated by black soldiers during World War I.

False

At the outbreak of war in Europe in the summer of 1914, the U.S. population quickly unified in its support for Great Britain and France.

False

Most Progressives opposed America’s entry into World War I as jingoistic, imperialist venturing.

False

During 1919, more than 250 people died in riots in northern cities.

True

After America entered the conflict, antiwar opposition disappeared.

False

In the 1919 steel strike, workers demanded union recognition, higher wages, and an eight-hour day.

True

Eugenics studied the mental characteristics of different ethnicities and races, only to discover that, for the most part and overwhelmingly, all human beings possess "good genes."

False

When President Woodrow Wilson traveled to Paris at the end of World War I, he was met by tens of thousands of cheering citizens.

True

In 1903, when Panama declared its independence from Colombia, the United States stationed a gunboat off the Panamanian coast, preventing the Colombian army from taking back the area.

True

When U.S. troops landed at Vera Cruz, Mexico in an effort to stop weapons from being delivered to Victoriano Huerta’s forces, the Marines were greeted as liberators by the Mexican people.

False

In 1911, the United States immigration commission listed forty-five immigrant "races" in a dictionary published that year.

True

Eugene Victor Debs, a Socialist Party leader, was imprisoned for delivering an antiwar speech.

True

Reparations payments at the end of World War I demanded Germany pay, in effect, to repair the damages it had inflicted on the Allies (reparations payments were estimated variously to be between $33 billion and $56 billion)

True

Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson shared a common belief that the United States had a right, even a duty, to intervene from time to time in the affairs of other countries.

True

President Roosevelt declined to assert U.S. authority over the Canal Zone until the citizens of Panama had a chance to vote on the matter.

False

The 1905 Niagara movement derived its name from the fact that a group of black leaders met at Niagara Falls, Canada (since no hotel on the American side would accommodate them).

True

Settlement house workers, social scientists, and progressives in general, placed demands for black suffrage at the forefront of their efforts.

False

Scroll to Top