US History ch 17

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In the late nineteenth century, industry in the United States

saw the federal government eager to assist in its growth

Who among the following did NOT make significant contributions to communication technology?

Charles F. Brush

Prior to the Civil War, the steel industry in the United States

saw little development

The process of making steel developed by Henry Bessemer

both A and B

The open-hearth process of making steel

made the production of large dimension pieces possible

In the United States, the steel industry first emerged in

In the United States, the steel industry first emerged in

All of the following cities became important centers for steel production EXCEPT

Atlanta

In the late nineteenth century, the transportation needs of the American steel industry directly contributed to the development of all of the following EXCEPT

automobile company

The first significant oil production in the United States occurred in

Pennsylvania

In the 1870s, the "internal combustion engine" was developed in

Europe

In 1917, automobile production in the United States

saw five million cars on American roads

Orville and Wilbur Wright’s first successful airplane flight in 1903

A and B

In 1900, the emergence of research laboratories in American corporations

led to a diversification of research interests

Who among the following was NOT significantly associated with the steel industry?

James J. Hill

A key to Henry Ford’s success in mass production of automobiles was to

use interchangeable parts

In 1929, the base price of a Ford Model T was

$290

In the late nineteenth century, the railroad industry in the United States

included the nation’s largest businesses

During the late nineteenth century, the growth of large corporations was helped by

both A and B

The business structure of Carnegie Steel was a good example of

vertical integration

The business structure of Standard Oil was a good example of

both A and B

To John D. Rockefeller, the great "curse" of business in the late nineteenth century was

cutthroat competition

In the American business community at the end of the nineteenth century

one percent of businesses controlled one-third of all manufacturing

In the late nineteenth century, most American business millionaires

began their careers from positions of wealth

The social theory of Social Darwinism

promoted the idea that capitalism offered all people a chance for great wealth

In the late nineteenth century, Social Darwinists argued that people who failed economically in the United States did so because

racism and other prejudices held them back

In the late nineteenth century, the first and most important promoter of Social Darwinism was

Herbert Spencer

According to the ideas expressed by Andrew Carnegie in his Gospel of Wealth

the rich had great responsibilities to society

In his books, Horatio Alger

emphasized the value of personal character in business

The late nineteenth century sociologist Lester Frank Ward

believed that human intelligence, not natural selection, shaped society

The late nineteenth century, Daniel De Leon

founded the Socialist Labor Party in the United States

In the late nineteenth century, the social writer Henry George argued in favor of

a single land tax to replace all other taxes

Edward Bellamy’s 1888 book, Looking Backward

imagined an ideal future in which all corporations were combined into one great trust

In the late nineteenth century, due to the growth of industrial capitalism, American workers

both A and B

During the 1870s and 1880s, most of the immigrants to the United States came from

Great Britain and northern Europe

Until its repeal in 1885, the Labor Contract Law

put many new immigrants in debt to American businessmen

In the late nineteenth century, organized labor failed to make great gains for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

state and federal laws to protect the rights of workers did not exist

In 1900, in regards to the work conditions in American factories,

laborers could expect to work at least sixty hours a week

During the late nineteenth century, child labor in the United States

increased significantly since 1865

The Molly Maguires were a militant

labor union in the coal industry

The great railroad strike of 1877

was launched in response to a wage cut

The Knights of Labor

began as a secret fraternal organization

The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor were divided by their positions on

all of the above

Samuel Gompers was the leader of the

American Federation of Labor

The Haymarket Square riot of 1886

resulted in the conviction and execution of several anarchists

During the late nineteenth century, anarchists in the United States

both A and B

In what industry did the Homestead strike of 1892 occur?

was steel

Which of the following events did NOT occur during the Homestead Strike of 1892?

Hundred of guards hired by Homestead were defeated in a deadly battle with strikers

Eugene Debs played a leading role in what labor event?

Pullman strike

The Pullman strike of 1894 began when George Pullman, owner of the company,

cut wages by twenty-five percent due to a slumping economy

The Pullman strike of 1894

saw the president of the United States order federal troops to break the strike.

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