US history ch 16

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By the mid-1840s, the American West

was extensively populated

Which of the following Indian tribes was NOT found on the Pacific coast of the Far West?

Creek

In the mid-nineteenth century, the Plains Indians were

the most widespread Indian groups in the West

Which tribe should NOT be included among the Plains Indians?

the Chumash

Which of the following statements regarding Hispanic New Mexico is FALSE?

Taos Indians, allied with Navajo and Apaches, forced out Anglo-Americans until 1847

During the 1840s, Hispanics living in California

lost ownership of large areas of lands

During the nineteenth century, in the Far West the term "coolie"

referred to Chinese indentured servants

In the 1840s and 1850s, in the Far West, the response by white Americans to the Chinese

moved from initial acceptance of them to gradual opposition

The Chinese from California became the major source of labor for the transcontinental railroad because

they worked for lower wages than what whites would accept

In the 1870s, in the Far West the largest single Chinese community was located in

San Francisco

Chinese "tongs" were

secret societies

The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882

resulted in the deportation of half of the Chinese in the United States

The Homestead Act of 1862

was expanded by the Timber Culture Act

By 1900, one of the three American territories that had not been granted statehood was

Colorado

In the second half of the nineteenth century, the working class in the western economy was

both A and B

In the late nineteenth century, which of the following was NOT a major western industry?

fur trading

Mining in the west

produced the region’s first economic boom

The Comstock Lode primarily produced

silver

Women in nineteenth-century western mining towns

often found work doing domestic tasks

The western cattle industry saw Mexican ranchers first develop

all of the above

In the 1860s, cattle drives from Texas to Missouri

both A and B

After the Civil War, cattle driven on the Chisholm Trail ended the journey in

Abilene, Kansas

In the late nineteenth century, "Range wars" in the West were between

white American ranchers and farmers

In the 1880s, the open range cattle industry declined as a result of

drought

In the late nineteenth century, the popular image of the American West

both A and B

The "Rocky Mountain School" of painting

helped inspire a growth of tourism in the West

In Owen Wister’s novel, The Virginian (1902), the American cowboy was

portrayed as a simple and virtuous frontiersman

William Cody’s Wild West shows

proved to be popular in Europe as well as the United States

All of the following writers and artists made significant contributions to the romanticizing of the American West EXCEPT

James Whistler

In "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," Frederick Jackson Turner claimed

the frontier had made Americans distinctive people

Before 1860, the traditional policy of the federal government was to regard Indians as

wards of the president of the United States

In the 1850s, the United States policy of "concentration" for Indians

assigned all tribes to their own defined reservations

The decimation of American buffalo herds of the late nineteenth century

both A and B

The Sand Creek Massacre of 1864

involved the killing of Indian women and children

The 1876 Battle of Little Big Horn

was a short-lived Indian victory

The Indian leader who said, "I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever," was

Chief Joseph

In 1886, the end of formal warfare between the United States and American Indians was marked by the surrender of

Geronimo

In 1890, the "Ghost Dance"

was a spiritual revival among Plains Indians

In 1890, at Wounded Knee, South Dakota

the U.S. Seventh Cavalry massacred two hundred Indians

The Dawes Act of 1887

was viewed by the United States government as a plan to save the Indians

In the late nineteenth century, the western agricultural economy

saw the railroad become the most important factor in its development

In the late nineteenth century, fences for Plains farms were usually made from

barbed wire

In the late nineteenth century, in regards to western agriculture

commercial farmers were not self-sufficient and made little effort to become so

Which of the following was NOT a significant source of resentment for the late nineteenth-century farmers?

state governments

During the late nineteenth century, Plains farm life

often lacked access to the outside world

In his writings during the late 1800s, the popular author Hamlin Garland

reflected the growing disillusionment of western farmers

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