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US Government Final Exam

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Republic means the same as

representative democracy

Limited government means that the power of

elected officials has limits

Under the Rule of Law

everyone, including government officials, must abide by the laws

The idea of the social contract is that a government is only legitimate if it has

consent of the governed

Philosophers like John Locke argued that all humans

have the natural rights of life, liberty and property

In an indirect democracy, major laws and rules are made by

elected representatives

Which of the following is an example of government affecting citizens’ daily lives?

Julie gets a speeding ticket from police Voting booths are set up at a library A new on-ramp to the highway is under construction

Juan is not a legal U.S. citizen, but he has permission to live and work in the United States through

a visa and may not run for elected positions

Thalina wishes to become a U.S. citizen. Which of the following is true?

She must be a legal resident for five years before she can apply for naturalization

The purpose of the naturalization process is to provide a means for

non-citizens to become legal citizens with all related rights and responsibilities

Many Americans are concerned that the naturalization process is too

slow to discourage illegal immigration

Which of the following is a true statement about immigration in the U.S.

Americans worry about immigrants’ rights and disagree on policies for illegal immigration

The naturalization process in the U.S.

usually takes months to years because a person must complete several steps including time as a legal resident

The Declaration of Independence reflects the principle of

natural rights of life, liberty, and property, using them in part to justify the document

"The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States."—Declaration of Independence

The "injuries and usurpations" described in this quote are the colonists’

proof that the king violated the principles of limited government, social contract, and natural rights

The Articles of Confederation

created a weak central government, reflecting early American leaders’ fear of tyranny

ARTICLE II
"Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled."—Articles of Confederation

Which of the following principles of American democracy does this quote best represent?

federalism

The U.S. Constitution is based on several principles of American democracy. Is the principle "separation of powers"among those evident in the document?

Yes, it is shown because the first three articles describe the three branches of government.

In the U.S. Constitution, the principle of democracy is

reflected because the people can elect their leaders and petition the government

An example of an amendment to the U.S. Constitution shows the principle of federalism is how the

10th Amendment reserves rights to the states not assigned to the national government

Which of the following is a true statement about the Constitution?

it distributes power among three branches of government

"Security and stability cannot be maintained through a confederation of individual, sovereign states."

Which of the following best describes this quote?

it represents the perspective of a Federalist, arguing for a strong centralized government

"A democratic government is based on majority rule of people. This would be impossible under the large republic proposed by the Constitution."

Which of the following best describes this quote?

It represents the perspective of an Anti-Federalist, arguing for a stronger role for the states

"It is evident that each department should have a will of its own; and consequently should be so constituted that the members of each should have as little agency as possible in the appointment of the members of the others."-Federalist No. 51

Which of the following principles of American government does this quote directly support?

separation of powers

"New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress."-U.S. Constitution

Which of the following is true based on this quote?

the power to make new states is a delegated power

Setting up courts is an example of

a concurrent power

An expressed power is power

delegated to the national government

"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

Which of the following possible court cases could be argued under the terms of the quote above?

a person shoots and kills someone who broke into the family’s home

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."—First Amendment, U.S. Constitution

Which of the following possible court cases could be argued under the terms of the quote above?

a person sues the city for denying a permit to hold a holiday parade

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."

Which of the following possible court cases could legitimately be argued under the terms of the quote above?

A person appeals a conviction for disturbing the peace by holding a protest sign each day outside city hall

Which of the following best explains why people do not have unlimited First Amendment rights?

certain types of speech could infringe on others’ rights or public safety

Which of the following explains why Americans do not have unlimited rights?

sometimes individual rights conflict with the rights of others or threaten public safety

Which of the following quotes from the Constitution describes the House of Representatives?

"The… shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States."

What can the legislative branch do if the president vetoes a bill?

it can override the veto with a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress

Which of the following quotes from the Constitution describes the Senate?

"The…shall chose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States."

When lawmakers compare multiple potential public policy solutions, they

focus on minimizing costs while maximizing the benefits

Comparing the costs in time and resources with the benefits is an important step in

analyzing the effectiveness of a public policy

Which of the following quotes from the U.S. Constitution describes the requirements to be President?

"a natural born Citizen, have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States"

When a Cabinet member makes a recommendation to the president, the president

has no obligation to follow their guidance

A bureaucratic organization that functions mostly without executive or legislative control is known as

an independent regulatory agency

Political parties, interests groups, and the media all provide a way for

individuals to monitor and influence government

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