unit 4 – world history

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All of these were problems created by late 19th century urbanization EXCEPT

a shortage of factory workers.

The Populist Party was chiefly composed of

individual farmers.

The Populist Party was established in the 1890’s to

protect the political and economic interests of farmers and laborers.

The direct election of U.S. Senators, women’s suffrage, and greater government regulation of large industries were all issues of importance in the early 1900s to the

Progressives.

Andrew Carnegie and J.P. Morgan both were ‘captains’ of which industry?

steel

Standard gauge, standard time, and the Pullman Car all had a tremendous impact on what industry?

railroad

The Populist Party sought to increase the power of

agricultural workers.

Businessmen during the Gilded Age of the late 19th century often favored relaxed immigration laws because they

valued cheap and relatively unskilled labor.

The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution could be considered a "Progressive" amendment because it

granted suffrage to all American citizens, regardless of sex.

Which of these helped to further the Westward Expansion in the United States after 1865?

Transcontinental Railroad

In serious labor disputes which arose before 1900, the U.S. government

usually supported the owners.

Which of these was a characteristic of the Progressive movement?

work towards the removal of corrupt influences on local, state, and national government

Which one of the following was the most significant source of urban population growth from 1890-1920?

immigration

According to the "Gospel of Wealth" supported by Andrew Carnegie

the accumulation of wealth is beneficial to society and the government should take no action to hinder this accumulation.

Which of these was an effect of the Industrial Revolution at the end of the nineteenth century in the United States?

an economic boom in the Northeast

According to this excerpt, which idea did William Jennings Bryan promote?

bimetalism

How did American industrial leaders accumulate wealth during the late 1800s?

by creating monopolies and establishing trusts

What impact did U.S. governmental polices have on business and industry during the late 1800s?

The U.S. government had little or no influence on business and industry.

Which one of the following descriptions best describes "horizontal integration"?

a company acquires competing businesses and merges them into a single entity

One of the main reasons John D. Rockefeller was able to succeed in the oil industry was because he

combined vertical and horizontal integration.

This term is used to refer to a type of business organization created in the 19th century that was meant to eventually produce a monopoly.

trust

During the late 19th century, urban political "machines" and those that ran them

promised business contracts, government jobs, and money for the poor immigrants in exchange for votes

The "Social Gospel" of late 19th century America held that

Christian principles should be applied to society’s problems.

The Pullman Strike (1894) was significant in American labor history because it showed that

the needs and concerns of union members mattered less to the government than the needs and concerns of industrial executives.

With the creation of Hull House in 1889, Jane Addams accomplished all of the following EXCEPT

urged Congress to place restrictions on the immigration of people into the United States.

These terms are all associated with what event in 1890?

Wounded Knee Massacre

In order to help expand railroads throughout the country after the Civil War, Congress

provided railroad companies land free of charge.

In the 19th century, John D. Rockefeller was MOST associated with what company?

Standard Oil

The "New Immigration" to the United States in the late-nineteenth century refers to the increased numbers of people arriving from

Southern Europe.

Why did most of the immigrants who came to America in the late 19th century settle in the cities?

Cities were the cheapest places to live and offered unskilled laborers steady jobs.

Upon arrival to the United States in the early 1900s, where were Chinese immigrants usually processed?

Angel Island in San Franciso Bay

In an effort to deal with an increasing number of immigrants, in 1892 the U.S. government

opened an immigration station on Ellis Island in New York City.

Jane Addams’s "Hull House" of the late-19th century was

created to help adjust immigrants into the United States.

The beginning of the Industrial Age in the United States is MOST associated with which era?

late 1800’s

Which statement BEST describes the point of this late-19th century cartoon?

Major industry is in control of much of American government and society.

Which of these was an effect of the rapid industrialization of the United States in the last half of the 19th century?

The economy was increasingly controlled by big corporations.

Formation of the National Farmers’ Alliance, 1875
United Mine Workers Strike, 1894
Pullman Strike, 1894
All of these issues and conflicts were made possible- and worse- by

the growing disparity in income in the United States.

The growing societal and economic unrest of the late-1800s was MOST influenced by

a widening income gap between industrial laborers and factory bosses.

By creating monopolies and establishing trusts, industrial leaders of the late 1800s

were able to accumulate vast amounts of wealth.

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