U.S. History Unit 8 The Search For Peace

Total Word Count: 1318
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The First Global Conflict

Armistice

A temporary end of hostilities by mutual agreement; a truce.

Stalement

A deadlock or tie.

Which one of the following statements best describes the war by 1916?

The war reaches a stalemate.

World War 1 erupted when an Austrian assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand.

False.

The United States joined the war when Germany crossed neutral Belgium.

False.

The war was the first global conflict.

True.

Four prewar conflicts were over:

Control of the Balkan States North African Colonies Alsace-Lorraine Freeing of Italians under Austrian rule

Four nations siding with Russia included:

France England Italy Japan

Which of the following were neutral?

Switzerland Spain Scandinavia Holland

England joined the Allies because of the German defiance of Belgian neutrality.

True.

Japan sided with England because of an alliance agreed upon in 1904.

False.

The United States entered into World War 1 because of the loss of American lives due to the sinking of trading vessels by the German

Submarine

Three measures passed to meet America’s wartime needs included:

The committee on industrial preparedness The selective service act The war industries board

United States reinforcements contributed greatly to three allied victories in France at:

Cantigny Argonne Forest Chateau-Thierry

Four items the United States supplied the allies with were:

Manpower Food A boost in morale Military equipment

Five events leading to the German singing of an armistice included:

The collapse of Bulgaria Turkey’s surrender The split of Austria-Hungary Allies forcing a German retreat A threat to the German homeland

What best defines an armistice?

Germany end hostilities on November 11, 1918.

A Plan For Peace

Reparations

Money paid by the defeated countries for acts of war.

Vengeance

An act of revenge for a wrong or injury.

During peace meetings, some of the Allies wanted to bring ___ against Germany.

IT IS NOT reparations.

One opposing view at the Paris peace conference was a peace with

Vengeance

What best defines reparations?

Funds to restore war damage territory in France and Belgium.

Wilson’s Fourteen appoints concerned a world peace settlement following World War 2.

False.

The Fourteen Points were dropped behind enemy lines to encourage surrender.

True.

The Fourteen Points encouraged the Allied soldiers by giving them goals for which to fight.

True.

France and England needed to receive reparations for the heavy destruction of their land during the war.

False.

Wilson’s peace received mor support than he had first hoped.

False.

Mark the three elements that describe the following view concerning treatment of the Central Powers, especially Germany, after the war.

A JUST PEACE.

Fair treatment of all nations involved. Prevent future hostilities. Limit bitter feelings.

Mark the three elements that describe the following view concerning treatment of the Central Powers, especially Germany, after the war.

A PEACE WITH VENGEANCE

Dividing of land Disarming the countries Stiff and harsh treatment of Central Powers

Allied countries represented at the Paris peace talks included all of the following except:

Russia

Allied heads of government at the peace talks included all of the following EXCEPT:

Wilhelm

The League of Nations was established to:

Regulate international relations.

Measures taken against Germany by the Treaty of Versailles did NOT include:

Wilson’s Fourteen Points

When the United States voted against joining the League of Nations:

The other nations lost some confidence in the league.

1. Peace ending World War 1.
2. Disputed French-German territory.
3. Wilson’s peace plan.
4. Organization to secure world peace.
5. British prime minister.
6. French Premier.
7. Italian premier.

1. Treaty of Versailles 2. Alsace-Lorraine 3. Fourteen Points 4. League of Nations 5. Lloyd George 6. Clemenceau 7. Orlando

Quiz 1: The Great War and its Aftermath

1. Austrian Archduke who was assassinated.
2. Originator of League of Nations.
3. British ship sunk by German U-boat.
4. Commander of American forces in World War 1.
5. French-German disputed territory.
6. Site for singing of peace treaty.
7. Germany and Austria-Hungary.
8. England, France, and Russia.
9. British Prime Minister, World War 1.
10. French premier during peace talks.

2. Wilson 10. Clemenceau 1. Ferdinand 7. Central Powers 6. Versailles 8. Allied Powers 9. Lloyd George 4. Pershing 3. Lusitania 5. Alsace-Lorraine

1. Led to the Austrian declaration of war on Serbia, and sparked World War 1.
2. Led to the English entrance in the war on France’s side.
3. Incident that sparked the U.S. Declaration of war on Germany.
4. Influenced German surrender.
5. Brought each at the end of World War 1.
6. Created to build up the military service of the United States.
7. Wilson’s plan for lasting peace after World War 1.
8. Organization proposed by Wilson for peaceful settlement of world problems.
9. Viewpoint favoring the harsh treatment of the Central Powers.

5. Treaty of Versailles 4. Surrender of Turkey and Bulgaria 6. Committee on Industrial 3. Sinking of Lusitania. 8. League of Nations 10. Peace of vengeance. 2. German march across Belgium. 9. Just Peace 1. Assassination of Ferdinand 7. Fourteen points

Austria demanded the right to handle the anti-Austrian movement in Serbia.

True.

When Germany defied the French neutrality, England entered the War.

False.

World War 1 ground fighting took place in trenches.

True.

Naval blockades on both sides prevented supplies from reaching their destination.

True.

Although the United States Army was well prepared for war, her navy was ill-equipped.

False.

Pershing agreed with Allied generals to integrate American troops into the European armies.

False.

The American reinforcements reached northeastern France in time to prevent the German offensive from being successful.

True.

The Germans hoped for a peace according to the fourteen points.

True.

During the Paris peace talks, more nations favored a just peace of vengeance.

False.

Th League of Nations was rejected by the United States.

True.

A nation that remained neutral in World War 1 was:

Switzerland.

Prewar conflicts in Europe concerned all of the following except:

Italy joining the Central Powers.

The United States did not supply the Allied cause with:

New territory in Austria-Hungary.

Events leading to the anger an surrender included all of the following except:

Surrender of Russia.

The treaty of Versailles forced Germany to:

NOT– keep the old German colonies

Why did the United States eventually enter world war 1?

NOT– Germany violated Belgium neutrality.

The Golden Twenties

Bootlegging

Making or selling liquor illegally.

Disarmament

The elimination or limitation of armed forces, military equipment, or weapons of war.

Hedonistic

The pursuit of pleasure as the chief activity of life.

Isolationism

The thinking that opposes nation’s involvement in political or military affairs outside its hemisphere.

Progressivism

The promotion of news and more liberal ideas and changes.

Prohibition

The movement banning the buying and selling of liquor.

Urbanization

The mass movement of rural people to the urban areas of the country.

Progressivism was supported only by the Democratic Party.

False.

Many people thought World War 1 would be the last war.

True.

President Wilson led the United States into a war he was anxious to enter.

False.

The progressive movement fought various problems within the United States.

True.

Which one of the following statements best describes America’s postwar attitudes?

Americans were concerned about the Communist takeover of Russia in 1917.

Which one of the following statements is true of progressivism?

Government should control large corporations and special interest groups.

1. 1928 agreement renouncing war.
2. Woodrow Wilson.
3. 1921 meeting limiting mi,Italy equipment.
4. Albert B. Fall
5. Warren Harding
6. 1924 legislation restricting immigration.

2. League of Nations’ author. 3. Washington Disarmament. 5. Low-Keyed leader. 6. Immigration Act. 1. Kellogg-Briand Pact. 4. Teapot Dome Scandal.

By the late 1920s, about 40% of the people of the United States remained on farms.

False.

The Ku Klux Klan was created mainly by rural people.

True.

The Klan reached its peak population in 1924.

True.

Urbanization gave African Americans far greater opportunities for advancement.

True.

1. Started the original Ku Klux Klan.
2. One of the most famous musicians of all time.
3. Expansion from country living to city living.
4. Beginning of KKK.
5. Made up largely of rural, white supremacist Americans.
6. Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man

2. Louis Armstrong 6. James Weldon Johnson 5. KKK 4. 1865 1. Nathaniel B. Forrest 3. Urbanization

The 18th amendment prohibited the buying and selling of liquor.

True.

The eighteenth amendment was supported by the religious community except for Protestants.

False.

Which factors caused the enforcement of the eighteenth amendment to break down?

-Lack of government agents to control illegal liquor related crimes. – People opposing Prohibition did little to help authorities.

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