U.S. History Chapter 9

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What did Roosevelt and Congress pass the day after FDR’s inauguration?

Emergency Banking Bill

Roosevelt created the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) to

Regulate the stock market

What reason does the National Labor Relations Act give for allowing labor unions to form?

Collective bargaining ensures equality and protects the flow of business

What were the goals of the New Deal?

Provide relief, recovery, and reform

Some opponents of the New Deal believed that it

Threatened individual freedom

The American Liberty League (ALL) formed to

Oppose FDR’s New Deal

The Agricultural Adjustment Act helped farmers because it

Sought to end overproduction and raise crop prices

What did President Roosevelt introduce to help retirees?

Social Security Act

The Rural Electrification Administration provided electricity to

Farmers

The right to collective bargaining was part of the

Wagner Act

Members of the ___ participated in a sit-down strike until General Motors agreed to reorganize them.

UAW

What caused Republicans to gain power in Congress in 1938?

The economy took a downturn and wiped out much of FDR’s progress

Which opponent of the New Deal believed that the program did not do enough to help poor Americans and what program did he propose?

Senator Huey Long proposed a high tax program not he wealthy and large corporations and the redistribution of their income to give to poor Americans

What was the chief complaint of conservatives against the New Deal?

Made the government too powerful

Eleanor Roosevelt showed her support of minorities when she

Sat with black delegates at a conference

During the 1930’s, the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Stopped discouraging the practice of Indian Religions

FDR set aside 12 million acres of land for

National parks

How many terms did Roosevelt serve as president

4

Who was the first female cabinet member?

Frances Perkins

Which piece of New Deal legislation negatively affected Native Americans?

The Navajo Livestock Reduction program

How did the Indian New Deal reverse the conditions that resulted from the Dawes Act?

John Collier helped get laws passed that restored tribal control over American Indian land

Who was a top swing musician?

Glenn Miller

One way that Americans escaped their concerns during the 1930’s was to

Go to movie theaters

The Lone Ranger and The Shadow are examples of

Radio series

What radio drama was so realistic that some people thought aliens were invading Earth?

"War of the Worlds"

The Federal Arts Project set a precedent for

Federal funding of the arts and artists

Between which two years did the annual amount of Social Security payments experience the greatest increase?

1940 and 1941

What was a significant flaw of the Social Security Act?

It did not apply to domestics or far workers at first

Which of the following statements is correct?

The radio was a source of information in both the 1920’s and 1930’s

Why did Americans enjoy escapist films in the 1930’s?

Movies provided relief from the everyday problems of the Great Depression

The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 prohibited

Government from further dividing Native American land

The New Deal Coalition was a strong political force that

Gave Democrats a majority in both houses of Congress for many years

Which of the following extended job opportunities to Mexican Americans and other minority youth?

Civilian Conservation Corps

Critics disapproved of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) because it

Gave government direct control of a business

The Bonneville Dam and other similar projects

Improved life in the American West

His did the National Recovery Administration develop codes of fair competition?

It worked with business and labor leaders to determine minimum wages and prices

Why did the Supreme Court rule the NIRA unconstitutional?

The Court claimed that the NIRA regulated interstate commerce

How did New Deal programs strengthen capitalism?

The FDIC and SEC restored trust in banks and the stock market

Why did support for New Deal art programs decline?

Some members of Congress thought artists promoted radical values

Louisiana Senator who opposed the New Deal

Huey Long

Putting money in consumers’ hands to stimulate the economy

Pump priming

Member of the Black Cabinet

Mary McLeod Bethune

Formed when the government assumes responsibility for providing for citizens’ needs

Welfare state

Protest used against General Motors

Sit-down strike

Name for FDR’s attempt to change the Supreme Court

Court packing

New Deal program that funded large murals

Federal Art Project

New Deal program created to build and improve highways

Works Progress Administration

Writer of The Grapes of Wrath

John Steinbeck

Allowed union members to negotiate about hours and wages

Collective bargaining

How did Eleanor change the role of the 1st lady?

the role changed from being largely ceremonial to a role of political involvement.

What attitude does this cartoon show toward Roosevelt? Explain your answer.

It show showing that Roosevelt is carrying this nation in the right direction. However, it can be looked at both ways, it could be showing that Roosevelt is just taking control over the nation.

The first New Deal had three goals: relief, recovery, and reform. Choose two of the laws or programs created by the first New Deal and explain how the program met (or did not meet) its intended goal.

-The Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) provided relief by helping states to provide aid for the unemployed.(cash payments) -Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Agency created to build dams in the Tennessee river valley. These dams provided more stable irrigation and cheap hydroelectric power.

Explain why FDR’s New Deal was criticized for doing too much AND too little—give specific critics for each.

Too much: gov spent too much money, and people felt Pres psuhing US to sociallistic central planned economy Not enough: for the poor people, HUey Long "Share the Wealth"

Explain how FDR and Congress dealt with the banking crisis.

By Roosevelt’s inauguration he introduced BAnking Holidays where banks in the country will be closed onserved on certain days. this gave the government to reorganize the banking system

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