U.S. History Chapter 10

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The Shawnee chief Tecumseh responded to the many challenges facing Native Americans in the early republic by

rejecting assimilation and proudly embracing Native American tradition

What did Thomas Jefferson mean when he referred to his successful bid for the presidency in 1800 as the "revolution of 1800"?

It represented a thorough yet peaceful repudiation of the Federalists

Why did Federalist Alexander Hamilton support Jefferson over Aaron Burr as the presidential election of 1800 played out in the House of Representatives?

He believed that Burr would prove far more dangerous to the republic should he be elected president

The alleged plot by Gabriel, a twenty-four-year-old slave, to stage a slave rebellion led white Virginians to

hang 27 black men for contemplating rebellion

Why did Thomas Jefferson criticize Alexander Hamilton’s vision of government?

Jefferson thought Hamilton’s plans simply allowed the rich to become richer

According to Jefferson, the source of true freedom in America was the

virtuous, independent farmer who owned and worked his land both for himself and for the market

President Jefferson believed that which of the following was a proper task for the federal government?

running the postal system, collecting customs duties, staffing lighthouses, conducting a periodic census, and maintaining federal courts

Why did John Adams appoint his famous "midnight judges" during the final weeks of his presidency?

It was a way to leave as many Federalists as possible in government positions as political counterweights to the incoming Republican administration

What was the lasting effect of the Marbury v. Madison (1803) Supreme Court decision?

The court claimed to the right to disallow a law on the grounds that it was unconstitutional

Who led a group of four hundred Greeks, Egyptians, and U.S. Marines in a surprisingly successful attack on Tripoli’s second-largest city in 1805?

William Eaton

Why did Spain return its trans-Mississippi territory to France in 1800?

Spain profited modestly from trade taxes on agricultural products

Why did the United States express concern after Spain returned Louisiana to France?

France was then under the rule of powerful expansionist Napoleon

What happened when Robert R. Livingston approached the French about buying New Orleans?

He purchased the entire Louisiana territory

The exploration of the Spanish and Indian territory west of the Mississippi River by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark succeeded in

collecting valuable information on the natural environment of the region

Which explorer was arrested and taken to Mexico by the Spanish for traveling too far into the West?

Zebulon Pike

What were the terms of the alliance Thomas Jefferson established with the Osage Indians in 1804?

Jefferson agreed to give them agricultural goods in exchange for providing the Osage with protection against Indian refugees displaced by American settlers east of the Mississippi

What happened when the American government attempted to dominate the Comanche Indians?

They became trading partners with Americans

How did Congress respond to the sinking of the ship Chesapeake in June 1807?

It banned all importation of British goods into the country

How did the Embargo Act of 1807 affect the United States?

In increased unemployment in the United States

How did women in early-nineteenth-century Washington, D.C., play key roles in political circles?

By influencing patronage

In negotiating the Treaty of Fort Wayne in 1809, William Henry Harrison angered the Shawnee chief Tecumseh by

negotiating with several Native American chiefs who had no legitimate claims to the land they seceded to the U.S. government

What did the Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 do?

It prohibited trade with England and France and their colonies

Most of the young congressmen known as War Hawks were

from the West and South

Why did congressmen from New England and some Mid-Atlantic states oppose war with Great Britain in 1812?

They feared the war would hurt commerce

The Battle of Horseshoe Bend was marked by the

death of over 500 Native Americans

What did British soldiers do once they entered Washington, D.C., in 1814?

The soldiers set fire to much of the city, including the White House

While Andrew Jackson’s defeat of the British at New Orleans cemented his status as a military hero, what he did not know at the time was that

negotiators had signed a peace agreement two weeks earlier

What was the result of the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812?

The Treaty of Ghent settled few of the issues that had led to war

How did the War of 1812 and the Hartford Convention affect the Federalist party?

It died as a political force after opposing a popular war

Which group suffered the greatest losses in the War of 1812?

Indians

In the early nineteenth century, the Anglo-American view of women was embodied in the legal concept of feme covert, which held that

a wife’s legal existence was completely subsumed by that of her husband

What did state legislatures do when faced with the opportunity to rewrite the laws regulating domestic relations?

legislatures did little to change any laws relating to domestic relations

By 1820, divorce in the United States

was possible in most states

Which activity was open to single women in every state in the early republic?

paying taxes

Why did slave marriages avoid the unequal power relationships characteristic of white marriages?

slaves could not enter into legal contractual obligations

Why was Jemima Wilkinson the best-known exhorting woman in the United States?

She proclaimed her body no longer female or male and preached in public

In 1820, the courses and reading lists at the top female academies

resembled the courses and reading lists at elite male colleges

Unlike theological seminaries that trained men for the clergy, Troy Female Seminary and Hartford Seminary prepared their female students

to teach

In the 1790s, which state became the first to enfranchise all adult males?

Vermont

Which of the following voting laws passed in many states during the early nineteenth century?

The exclusion of felons from the voter rolls

Why were James Tallmadge Jr.’s amendments to the Missouri statehood bill of 1819 controversial?

Their ultimate effect would have been to make Missouri a free state

How did the Missouri Compromise of 1820 pass in the House of Representatives?

17 northern congressmen voted with their southern colleagues to preserve sectional harmony

Which territory did the United Sates obtain from Spain in the Adams-Onis Treaty?

Florida

In 1823, President James Monroe issued what became known as the Monroe Doctrine, a statement that the Americas

"are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power"

What complicated the presidential election of 1824?

an unprecedented five candidates seeking the support of one political party

Who served as unofficial campaign managers for the five candidates running for the presidency in 1824?

the candidate’s wives

What was Henry Clay’s "American System"?

3 systems to promote American industry; strong banking system, a protective tariff, and a federally funded transportation network

What event convinced Andrew Jackson that John Quincy Adams became president as the result of a "corrupt bargain"?

Adams made Clay his secretary of state

What undermined John Quincy Adams’s hopes for reelection?

He lacked the political skills necessary

By proposing federally funded internal improvements, scientific research, and a national university located in Washington, D.C., President John Quincy Adams believed he was

picking up where Jefferson and Madison had left off, using the power of the government to advance knowledge

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