Dyslipidemia refers to the abnormal lipid levels in the body which occurs in the blood. As a result, accumulation of these lipids occurs in blood vessels leading to vascular complication such as atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular complications such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Pharmacologically, dyslipidemia is treated by use of lipid-lowering agents such as statins in conjunction with other medications which aid in controlling the ensuing hypertensive states. It has been noted that most cases fail to resolve due to a failure in medication compliance by patients leading to high mortality rates.
Family nurses practitioners (FNPs) are instrumental in the treatment process and management of patients with excess lipid levels. It is evident that FNPs are not involved in the prescription of drug regimens rather are involved majorly in the drug administration process, monitoring of lipid levels and the provision of health education in such patients (Miller, 2009). Combination therapies and a high number of hospital visits for monitoring can contribute to such failures in adherence (Mason, 2005). The aim of the visits would be for assessment of the efficacy of medication by the nurses. FNPs can achieve this by monitoring lipid levels of patients. Proper guidelines are followed which will enable them to monitor for the right lipid levels since different patients have different lipid goals (Miller, 2009). The care providers are also involved in dose titrations depending on the progress of the patients
Health education offered to patients assists in transferring adequate knowledge and helps to motivate patient's participation in the regimen. FNPs are involved in advising patients on the right nutrition and lifestyle practices such as constant body fitness and weight management which contributes to the remission of the disease (Mason, 2005). The programs are individualized depending on the needs of the patients. FNPs also offer counseling to patients who might not be confident about their regimens and progress thus maximizing the results. Motivation is critical in achieving the lipid goals. All these are the crucial roles that FNPs play in ensuring a full recovery.