Time management may be defined as the process of organizing and planning of the way in which time is divided between specific activities. Good time managers work smarter and not harder even when pressure is high, time is tight, and more work needs to be accomplished in a short period. Time management increases effectiveness, efficiency, and productivity. It is imperative that an individual develops effective approaches for managing time in order to balance the conflicting strains of time for job-hunting, leisure, earning money, and study. Time management is, therefore, valuable in numerous aspects of life. Sometimes it seems that there is insufficient time to accomplish the things that individual is assigned to which increase pressure and result into stress. Among the ways to reduce any time-related stress the most useful are adjusting routines and patterns of behavior. Additionally, incentives to change behavior in order to guarantee compliance with time-related deadlines, the associated progression of reduction of time used on non-priorities, carrying out actions around prioritization, priorities setting, and creating surroundings favorable to efficiency are some of the identified ways in which time management can be improved.
Notably, nursing career can be very intense and focused hence it is obligatory to organize and manage personal time. Experienced nurses ensure their day to be as productive as possible by mastering time management. The way in which nurse manages time requires significant considerations since the emphasis on effectiveness and efficiency is constantly increasing in health care sector. The process of time management in the nursing is recognized as a significant element of work performance and professional nursing practice and therefore has been a subject of scant empirical study.
Being a leader is tough, because one is supposed to help a group to accomplish its objectives and this encompasses taking and realizing decisions that are unpopular at times. While a leader should possess strong communication skills, be committed, have integrity, and be trustworthy, there are new leadership approaches that have continued to develop. Based on situational context, most leadership theories recognize that different styles are needed. The perception that leadership style depends on the condition and situation the leader is dealing with, is addressed in Fielder’s Contingency Theory (Schyns & Meindl, 2015). The main variables that must be considered in this theory include position power, task structure, and leader-member relationship. The variable quality of the leader-member relationship and the task is also made use of the Hersey-Blanchard’s Tri-Dimensional Model (Schyns & Meindl, 2015).
Leadership theories range from leader directed (authoritarian) to follower directed (democratic). Across all disciplines, changing viewpoints are visible. For nurse leaders, transformational leadership theory holds the most promise. According to Marquis and Huston, transformational leadership theory posits two types of leadership behavior: transformational and transactional (Marquis & Huston, 2009). The status quo is maintained by transactional leaders. This style is perfectly referred to my leadership approach as I work on a structure of transaction or exchanges with individuals in the nursing practice. Additionally, a plentiful of my routine work is transactional as it involves budgeting and scheduling. Therefore, transformational leadership theory describes my leadership style best as I seek high expectations by empowering my group members to reach their optimal potential.
Leadership and Management Comparison
The correlation between leadership and management sparks a huge debate even in the nursing practice. Does a leader need to have good management skills or does a nursing manager have to be a greater leader? Management is doing things right while leadership is doing the right things. Leadership is the capacity of a person to influence, motivate, as well as enable others (nurses) to work towards the organization’s (health sector) success and effectiveness while management entails directing a collection of one or more entities or individuals for the determination of harmonizing as well as coordinating the group for the accomplishment of their objective or aim (Sullivan & Garland, 2010). Leadership is goal-oriented, focuses on leading people, and its outcomes are oriented on achievement while management task-oriented, focus on managing work and its outcomes are result-oriented. What is more, the role in decision-making in leadership is facilitative while that of management is involving.
Application of Concepts to Work Environment
Time management, leadership styles, and theories concepts can be applied effectively in the nursing practice. The concepts can be used to set priorities by learning how to line up competing tasks at the workplace. As nurses respond to doctor’s demands, file paperwork, and address patient concerns, they wear many hats. A nurse, therefore, does not have time to waste as he/she is burdened with a lot of responsibilities. These concepts are useful in setting what is important and urgent, important but not urgent, and not important but urgent in the nursing practice.
A nurse is in a position to choose what to do first and what to accomplish last in the health care sector. Nurses make their days constructive by strategizing their time through planning out tasks even though the responsibilities of a nurse are somewhat unpredictable. For instance, a nurse is able to make a list of everything he/she needs to do, such as attending staff meetings, ordering patient meals, submitting laboratory requests, addressing specific patient care needs, and completing patient paperwork.
To summarize, application of time management concepts helps a nurse to stay organized and productive at their workstation hence avoiding wasting time. Therefore, it is important to apply appropriate leadership style and time assessment technique to ensure not only efficiency of a nurse but also to provide in-time and qualitative service delivery.