The Death Penalty

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<p style=”line-height:200%”>Despite capital punishment continuing to attract extensive commentary, it is an age-old issue in the American Criminal Justice system. It was first considered as a penalty for breaking the common law in the 1600s, with the execution of Captain George Kendall by the firing squad in 1608 being the first documented incident (Fridell 12). The period saw ruthless execution, where offenders were subjected to painful deaths through stoning, burning, and crushing. Nevertheless, the law guiding the judgment has seen significant changes since the Declaration of Independence, where abolitionists have been pushing for alternatives. There have been very few death penalties for vicious crimes since the 1960s, as 37 states have shifted from capital punishment to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. An underlying aspect in the growing unpopularity of capital punishment is failing to deter crimes. An accepted body of evidence has confirmed that execution does not lower the rate of murders and crime.</p>
<p style=”text-indent:.5in;line-height:200%”>While it is a controversial subject, death penalty continues to be meted out in the event of capital offenses such as rape, murder, arson, and treason in some states. The proponents of capital punishment believe that the legalistic approach is the most practical method of dealing with fiendish acts because it inflicts enough pain to deter such offenses. The death penalty is also as a deserved condemnation as it achieves the utilitarian function imputed by retribution. The advocates of capital punishment assume that criminal who propagate inhumane offense such putative killings should be given a judgment that is even to the gravity of the crime. Nevertheless, capital punishment is unethical and immoral, where it devalues life. It also violates many laws protecting human dignity in the civilized world.</p>
<p style=”text-indent:.5in;line-height:200%”>The death sentence is against the Eighth Amendment, which prohibits cruel punishment. The judgment is also against the Fourteenth Amendment, where all people are guaranteed equal legal protection and due process. Murdering offenders does not also bring peace and relief to the victims (Carlsmith, Timothy, and Daniel 1320). The shortcomings have made capital punishment a highly complex process, where many states are being challenged by families of offenders, making execution lack economic sense. &nbsp;Capital convictions in some states such as California have also been on the receiving end of highly-spirited activists challenging arbitrariness and discrimination. In places like Texas, the cruelty of the punishments continues to be the focus of abolitionists, forcing the state to adopt swift and painless approaches such as lethal injection. Nevertheless, recent executions in Florida and Ohio have confirmed that no method is humane, and thus the growing calls to abolish the ruling.</p>

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