The main aim of screening tests is to detect hidden diseases in healthy looking people. The major tests taken for women constitutes of breast cancer screening, cervical cancer screening, cholesterol test, diabetes screening, HIV/AIDS test, sexually transmitted infections ,high blood pressure test and lung cancer test (Godfrey, et al., 2015). These screenings differ depending on the age in women.
Screening in older women is best if done regularly as compared to that of younger ones since these diseases are age-related. For instance, cervical cancer among older women is higher as compared to rates in younger women. Breast cancer is also rare in women in their early twenties and uncommon in those under 35 (Uijterwaal, et al, 2015). However, after this age the risk begins to increase rising more after menopause. Breast cancer affects one in every eight women and the risk to have breast cancer is higher in older women as compared to younger women. Women with family members who have breast or ovarian cancer may have BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes which greatly increase the risk thus should get tested.
For the young women who are not yet sexually active, it is not necessary for them to get STDs screening. However, for the older women, it is one of the most important tests to undertake (Uijterwaal, et al, 2015). The implications here is that doctors recommend yearly chlamydia screening for all the women who are sexually active and older women with risk factors such as having multiple sexual partners.
Cholesterol screening leads to early detection and control of dyslipidemia, a treatable condition characterized by abnormal total cholesterol. It is very common among older women as compared to the younger ones. This screening is recommended for older women mostly if they are at a high risk for coronary heart diseases.
In conclusion, screening programs have led to early stage disease detection thus enabling the patient to have a broader range of treatment options which is expected to be more effective Women should have screening tests from time to time even if they are healthy in order to assess any risk for future medical problems, update vaccinations and encourage a healthy lifestyle.